International Journal of Applied Language Studies and Culture

International Journal of Applied Language Studies and Culture

Basic info

  • Publisher: London College
  • Country of publisher: united kingdom
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Linguistics, Languages and Literature
  • Publisher's keywords: Applied Language and Cultural Studies, Language Teaching, Computational Linguistics, Discourse Analysis, Historical Linguistics, Psycholinguistics, Language Acquisition, Sociolinguistics, Bilingualism, Language and Gender, Language Variation and Change, Speech Science
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY-NC-ND
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2018
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '17' articles

Dehumanization in the Novel of Socialist Realism

Dehumanization in the Novel of Socialist Realism

Authors: Lirim Sulko, PhD
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Abstract

Yuri Lotman affirms that the concept of the text is not absolute, but makes sense in a relationship with a historical, cultural and psychological structure that accompanies it. He considers every text "... determined by those socio-historical, national and psycho-anthropological reasons, which form the artistic models of life” [1] So in a totalitarian regime, in other words dehumanized, the novel of socialist realism not only avoids the modern literary tendency, but manages to show dehumanization even in its formal-narrative aspect. Thus, in the conditions when the totalitarian regime aims at installing a 'new man', the novel of socialist realism also through censorship aims its promotion ('the new man’). In the formal-narrative aspect, the novel of Socialist realism emphasizes the authoritative mode of confession, in the sense of full submission of the character (meaning the reader, who is identified with the character throughout the reading process) to the total information within the literary work owned by the author in cooperation with the narrator, but at the same time proclaims as 'heretic' the narrative ways that liberated the character from the submission without glory of the pair author-narrator. As such, it (the novel of socialist realism) is / becomes thus a direct expression of dehumanization.

Keywords: dehumanization, social realism, formal-narrative aspects
Islamic Lexic And Terms In Bosnian Language

Islamic Lexic And Terms In Bosnian Language

Authors: Enver Ujkanović, PhD
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Abstract

Islamic lexic in the Corps of Oriental vocabulary is not negligible. This breakthrough into the Bosnian language area is related to the penetration of Islam and his acceptance by the local population. The system of educational institutions that are formed within Islam, has implemented all aspects of the study of Islamic sciences, and opened the way processes in language interferences. Islam has given their faithful an appropriate characteristic that is reflected in various forms of cultural, public and private life. Subsequent to the conversion of the local population to Islam were extralinguistic factors that went in favor of linguistic interference, opening the way to intensive borrowing vocabulary from the religious sphere, but also in the lexic that follows the customs and daily life, the lexic of personal names.

Keywords: Islamic lexic, linguistic borrowing, language interferences, Orientalism, phonetic adaptation, morphological adaptation
Albanian Literary Circle In Italy

Albanian Literary Circle In Italy

Authors: Leka Ndoja
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Abstract

Italy's Literary Circle with his creation after the political emigration wave (1945-1990), in the context of Italian - Arbëresh Colony, as a paradigm of the Albanian Literary System during national Revival, was involved in an aggregate of literary and cultural activities. The Literary Circle of Albanian Diaspora in Italy, marked in production, volume, and norm and determined by university institutions of Palermo - Rome - Naples - Bari. Those universities rendered possible the appropriate climate to set up a national literary sub-system model with all systemic components: production, publications and system-creative magazines as Shêjzat [The Pleiades] (august 1957 - 1978), Koha e Jonë [Our Time] (1962-1992); systemic-center authors as: Father Georg Fishta O.F.M.-Ernest Koliqi and Martin Camaj. But, Ernest Koliqi was as the director of the Albanian Studies Institute at Rome University, the master-key of an increasing in the volume of the intercultural activities, as regards the institutional critique, various national celebrations of emigrants, and international symposiums such as the 20-s anniversary of the death of Father George Fishta O.F.M.; or the celebrations on the 500th anniversary of the death of Scanderbeg, in Palermo and Rome (1968). But the main merit of Koliqi was to restore a new Albanian Literary Center in the West and the foundation in Rome of Shêjzat leterary magazine. The Albanian Rome Literary Circle was the counterpart of the National Center of Tirana and sometimes even an antagonist. Various outstanding achievements in the visual arts were celebrated by the painter Ibrahim Kodra with about 20 international awards, as well as the iconographic painter Lin Delia who took part in some audiences with the Pope Pole VI etc... First Koliqi and then Camaj after his death took literary - cultural studies within the Albanian districts of Italy, tracing the genealogy of the Arbëresh migration in the United States in the years 1974 - 1986. After Koliqi’s death in January 1975 and the final departure of Camaj from the Italy Circle as e professor of the Albanian Language at the University of Munich (1978), closed the frame of four decades of the Italy Literary Circle as the core of the Literary Diaspora Sub-system.

Keywords: Albanian Diaspora, Italy's Literary Circle, Koliqi
Beyond the Known Dimensions of Edith Durham

Beyond the Known Dimensions of Edith Durham

Authors: Majlinda Ziu
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Abstract

After her father’s death in 1885, Edith had to take care after her mother Mary for years in succession, because she was ill. Taking care of her mother for many years caused Ms Durham to experience chronic fatigue. She was suffering from health problems as well. As a consequence, at age 37 sh was advised by her doctor to take a break. In order to satify her sense of adventure and give her an opportunity to recuperate, she acquiesed. It was a sea journey from England to the Balkans. This journey, which later was repeated, did not only serve improve her health, but it made in indelible impression on her, changing the course of her life. During her time spent in various Balkans countries she gained signficant noteriety as an artist, as an antropologist and as a writer. Her journey towards Balkans started in Dalmatic sea line from Trieste in Kotor, continued towards Cetinje, (capital of Monte Negro) and arrived in Albania.

Keywords: Known Dimensions, Edith Durham
Verbal Irony as a Communicative Mode of Persuasion

Verbal Irony as a Communicative Mode of Persuasion

Authors: Silvana Neshkovska, Zorica Trajkova
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Abstract

The general pervasiveness of politics in modern society renders political discourse susceptible to analysis by many different profiles of researchers, especially linguists. This particular paper attempts to shed light on the usage of verbal irony in political discourse. The premise we put forward here is that politicians in their political speeches purposefully employ irony in order to enhance the persuasiveness of their speech. Moreover, we believe that the enhancement of persuasiveness is in a direct correlation with the pragmatic functions of verbal irony. To put it differently, 'seasoning' political speeches with ironic statements which evoke either humor; or express mild ridicule, or harsh criticism at the expense of the political opponent, is what makes them truly persuasive. The corpus compiled for the purposes of this research comprises political speeches delivered by American politicians in the course of the 2016 U.S. presidential race. The results obtained primarily confirm the relatively high incidence of verbal irony in political speeches; then, they also point to the relatively high degree of persuasion attached to irony in general and its association mainly with expressing mild ridicule and harsh criticism.

Keywords: political discourse, verbal irony, meta-discourse markers
Confession as a Form of Social Liberation and Seduction

Confession as a Form of Social Liberation and Seduction

Authors: Zorica Jelic
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Abstract

“Finally a woman confesses! Confess what? What women never allowed themselves to confess. What men always criticized on them: they only obey the blood and everything is sex on them, even the spirit.” ― Pauline Réage, Story of O Modern literary commentary has a tendency to dismiss William Shakespeare’s A Lover’s Complaint as a poem not worthy of his pen. However, certain scholars, such as Mac Jackson, Kenneth Muir, and Roger Warren, have brought this poem back into the world of criticism. The female Lover1 in the poem beguiles with her intriguing confession and shows the naiveté and power of consent and seduction. This narrative poem exemplifies the complexity of female love and how it inescapably leads to a broken heart. The female Lover in the Complaint is seduced, betrayed, and abandoned by her wooer; nonetheless, at the conclusion of her poignant lament, she discloses that, if given a chance, she would do it all over again. This strange contradiction has caused intriguing and rather perplexing interpretations through the centuries. Some critics have claimed that this work does not belong to Shakespeare.2 That idea probably derived from the long-held belief that Thomas Thorpe did not have Shakespeare’s authorization for publishing the Sonnets and this poem in a 1609 quarto (Bevington 160). Nevertheless this particular edition remains the only valid evidence that it is his poem.

Keywords: Confession, Social Liberation, Seduction
Developments and Theoretical Approaches on Public Diplomacy

Developments and Theoretical Approaches on Public Diplomacy

Authors: Ngadhnjim Brovina
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Abstract

Seems that had never been agreed upon definition of the term: public diplomacy. This lack of consensus about the definition may prove to be a good thing because, it encourages researchers to explore this area further, and remains to be seen in the future that maybe we will have an accurate and precise term about public diplomacy. Public diplomacy is seen as an evolving field, a multi-disciplinary field with its theoretical, conceptual and methodological links in some of disciplines such as international relations, media studies, public relations, etc.. When we talk about functions, history and trends of development of public diplomacy, normally is more easily, because we can find more literature, although most of it is in English and just a few in the Albanian language. The general approach of my research has to do with recognition of some of the theoretical aspects and some of the practices of influence and domination of public diplomacy, concretized with concrete examples.

Keywords: public diplomacy, diplomacy of brands, exchanges of students, management of news, international relations
Political Systems and a Continuing Account for Elusive Peace in Republic of Macedonia

Political Systems and a Continuing Account for Elusive Peace in Republic of Macedonia

Authors: Hyreme Gurra
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Abstract

This research paper is going to elaborate the five most common political systems of the world and the second part of the mainstream headlines preoccupying the public opinion, which continued the saga for entire population of Republic of Macedonia. The country is internationally known as FYROM, and its government as a whole in the recent days after New Year’s Holidays of 2018 was expecting an act of resignation by the Prime minister Nikolla Gruevski and a massive unrest took place by NGO asking to close factories that were polluting the air. The leading political parties of the government consisting of VMRO (IMRO) (ethnic Macedonian political party) and BDI (DUI) (ethnic Albanian political party) were in the verge of a complete breakdown. These two coalition members were accused by the opposition political party LSDM (SDUM) (left party) for a great number of scandals; corruption, leading autocratic zests policy, not enjoying EU and NATO, spending public money in non-productive means and finally the phone tapping become sources of constant conflict. Social dialogue between the position and opposition was undermined by the head of the government, considered as a roguishly human hobble. The deterioration of the already unfavorable international position of the country endangered the progress leading up to national an interethnic cleansing. These events eventually would shape the future of the state. After the elections the government changed the leading stream, which is seen as a last chance for survival. The research methods being used throughout this paper are; the method of interview, narrative method, qualitative and quantitative method.

Keywords: deterioration, ethnic crisis, Theocracy, Despotism, Ochloracy, Gerontocracy
Teaching Politeness Strategies

Teaching Politeness Strategies

Authors: Irina Petrovska
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Abstract

This paper deals with the politeness strategies potential in subject specific fields and highlights the role of learning politeness strategies as a powerful cognitive tool fundamental to further enhancing the second language learner’s ability to cope with this specialized verbal characteristic in hospitality industry discourse. The paper explores the close interplay between social (extra-linguistic) and structural (linguistic) factors shaping the linguistic idiosyncrasies of English and Macedonian politeness strategies in hospitality industry discourse. It has been argued that the awareness of cross-cultural differences concerning politeness strategies may be exploited as a valuable teaching resource for classroom interaction.

Keywords: politeness strategies, communicative competence, specialized discourse
The Motif of Motion in ‘Ulysses’, ‘Lolita’ and ‘On The Road’

The Motif of Motion in ‘Ulysses’, ‘Lolita’ and ‘On The Road’

Authors: Sandra Sumonja
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Abstract

Popular culture is one of the inevitable concepts in the postmodern era and one of the cornerstones of 20th and 21st century. In this paper, we will examine some of the main features of modern life that reflect trends in popular culture, such as the motif modes of movement, daily life, home and dining. Throughout examples we will see just how modern and postmodern literature is imbued with popular trends and how strong the relationship between reality and its reflection through creative literary work is. What becomes popular- is what is written about, what is given far greater attention that conservative and traditional and as such- a primary feature of everyday life it finds its expression in the novels like Joyce’s ‘ Ulysses’, ‘Lolita’ by Vladimir Nabokov and ‘On the Road’ by Jack Kerouac.

Keywords: The Motif of Motion,‘Ulysses’, ‘Lolita’ and ‘On The Road’
Creative Teaching Methods in English Language Teaching

Creative Teaching Methods in English Language Teaching

Authors: Edita Kamberi Spahiu, PhD
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Abstract

Teaching and learning are quite complicated methods, but to be realized in a successful way both of these components need to apply a variety of factors that are important and the key to success. Amongst those factors, the principle, the equipment, the strategies and the details are especially important forms of work in groups which is the direction through which we achieve our goals within the technique of learning. In the complicated process of teaching, it's far and remains a problem in the future to use the most efficient techniques of working with students. Creative teaching has to be properly thought out but well-planned. The teacher in his activity uses a variety of strategies, methods and teaching techniques where students interact in special ways of organization. Discussion and working methods with groups create a learning environment in which active learning is supported. Also, the use of efficient methods, which affects the quality of education. The term quality in education is closely related to contemporary models or the different methods and techniques used by teachers during the teaching process to achieve the learning objectives. For this reason, many studies in the field of education have been undertaken today that show that active involvement in the learning process helps to fix different materials but also for a deeper and more accurate understanding of knowledge, as well as their active use.

Keywords: Creative Teaching Methods, English Language Teaching
MISSION CONTACT POINTS BETWEEN ANTIQUE AND SLAVICISM

MISSION CONTACT POINTS BETWEEN ANTIQUE AND SLAVICISM

Authors: Dervish Alimi
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Abstract

The questions are: Where are the ‘footprints’ of the ancient Macedonian Macedonians’ toponyms and vocabulary, remaining in the linguistic-semantic fund that would witness the continuity of historical development and transformation, respectively, the “antico-Slavic mixing” that has been widely claimed by some Macedonian historian? “What are the remaining words of the ancient Macedonian heritage, even of the language of the old Greeks old neighbors who would testify to their every day contacts?”, when we see that today’s vocabulary fund of the Macedonian language is strictly Slavic, except for Turkish and Bulgarian-Serbian borrowings and the modern inflows of internationalisms and technicalities? Where are the old ancient Macedonian words which the Macedonian Slavic language today inherited, however few were they ?! The ancient language dictionary of the ancient Macedonian tribe should have definitely left a mark on today’s Macedonian language vocabulary, as they have left the mark of the old Anglo-Saxon in today’s English language or the language of Old Gallons in the French language today. This is the fact of the missing points of contacts between these two cultures, among others....

Keywords: Antique, slavicism, inheritance, vocabulary, borowings, interference, tribes, traces, mark, language, neighbor, etc.morphological adaptation
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL POETRIES OF EMILY DICKINSON AND MIGJENI

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL POETRIES OF EMILY DICKINSON AND MIGJENI

Authors: Hyreme Gurra, Vjolica Berisha
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Abstract

This paper draws a comparison between two selected poets, Emily Dickinson and Milosh Gjergj Nikolla which were not separated from each other by a century but belonged to different gender groups and lived in different continents. In this paper we are going to analyse both of these poets’ major works and also we are going to emphasize what two poets have in common and what differs them. Inspired by the conditions and circumtancies of their nations, social theme was the main theme which left its impact on all their thinking and gave its tint to the majority of their poems. Not many poets or writers of that time were able to reflect on what concerned people, in this artistic and brave way as they did. They raised their voice against many issues and revealed this on their innovative and original creations. Both of them encouraged humans to indulge in a healthy level of doubt and scepticism, but not to the point of nihilistic despair. They searched for hope within another source – the human body comprising of a pure soul, which itself according to them, always contains a spark of divinity.

Keywords: Emily Dickinson, Migjeni, comparison, differences, similaritie
CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH AND ALBANIAN ADJECTIVES

CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH AND ALBANIAN ADJECTIVES

Authors: Isa Spahiu, Edita Kamberi Spahiu
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Abstract

Language is a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols. Learning a foreign language is never easy especially when we try to express our thought, opinions, feelings and ideas from mother language to target language. Because English is so widely spoken, it has often been referred to as a “world language” or “lingua franca’. While it is not an official language in most countries, it is currently the language most often taught as a foreign language. Since English language is taught as foreign language in our country learning its grammar is still challenging. Proper grammar is essential for learning and comprehending the second language knowing that grammar is a guide how language should be written and spoken. As basic Grammar deals with parts of speech this paper will concentrate on adjective both in English and Albanian their formation, function, degree, order and semantic classification. This seminar paper deals with contrastive analyses of English and Albanian adjectives and aims at describing and analyzing similarities and differences that exist between them. The methodology of the study is descriptive and contrastive. Even though the English and Albanian languages belong to the Indo-European family they do share similarities and differences both in morphological and syntactical terms.

Keywords: English and Albanian adjectives, contrastive analysis, similarities, differences
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY AND METACOGNITIVE LISTENING STRATEGIES OF EFL LEARNERS

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY AND METACOGNITIVE LISTENING STRATEGIES OF EFL LEARNERS

Authors: Lela Ivanovska, Viktorija Petkovska
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Abstract

The present study was conducted to identify the relationship between critical thinking and metacognitive awareness listening strategies of Intermediate EFL learners. It also, investigated difference between the learners with high and low critical thinking ability on their performance in metacognitive listening strategies use. The participants of this study were 120 first year university students from the Faculty of Information and Communication Technologies, Bitola, Macedonia. Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Questionnaire, Meta-Cognitive Awareness Listening Questionnaire and listening comprehension tests were used as instruments of this study. The results of this study revealed that there was a strong positive significant correlation between critical thinking ability and metacognitive listening strategies. In order to investigate difference between learners with high and low critical thinking ability and their metacognitive listening strategies use an independent sample t-test was employed, and the results showed a significant difference between the learners with high and low critical thinking ability and their metacognitive listening strategies use.

Keywords: critical thinking, metacognitive listening strategies listening skill, EFL learners

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