A study of clinico-demographic profile and factors associated with the patients of measles at tertiary health care center

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2017, Vol 2, Issue 1

Abstract

Background: After Eliminating Polio from county our next Aim toward Measles. Measles, also known as rubeola, Measles is a highly infectious but preventable disease with potential for eradication but is still responsible for high mortality among children particularly in developing nations like India. Aims and Objectives: To study clinico -Demographic profile and factors associated with the patients of measles at tertiary Health care centre. Methodology: This was hospital based cross sectional study carried out in the children admitted to Pediatrics ward during one year period i.e. June 2014 –June 2015 Suspected of Measles and included in the study with the help of WHO criteria. The data was analyzed using Epi-info version 7.0 for windows (Centres for Disease Control, Atlanta, USA) and descriptive statistics were presented using percentages. Result: It was found that out of a total admitted cases of 254 ; there were 87 cases Measles with a prevalence of 34.25%. It is also clear from the table that the attack rate (Table 1a) was highest (73.13%) in age group of 1 -5 year. A slight preponderance for Female Child (54.02%) was found compared to Male child (45.97%). A majority of the children Attack by Measles were aged between 1-5 years (56.32%) followed by 6-12 year (22.98%). Higher Attack seen among children living in Urban slum(80.45%)A majority of the Measles case belong to lower socioeconomic status (52.87%). It was found that as much as 65.51% of the mothers of children were illiterates while nearly half of cases (57.47%) were non-working mother (Table 2). It was found that out of 87 measles attack children only 25.28% infants were exclusively breast fed. Excluding 3 cases of measles all were malnourished with (56.32) of Grade III and IV Category. Conclusion: The majority of the cases had occurred in the unvaccinated children that point out to increase Vaccination coverage along with this there also cases from vaccinated children points toward the fact that there is a possibility of a vaccine failure in older children and requirement of Second dose inclusion promptly in Immunization program. Even though we conquered over Polio Eradication for measles from above study it’s clear that along with strengthening of routine immunization activity More Effort on Female education necessary to achieve desire milestone.

Authors and Affiliations

Anant Ganpath Bendale, Rajendra Namdeo Patil

Keywords

Related Articles

A study of clinic- laboratory profile of Rickettsial fever in children at tertiary health care center

Background:Rickettsial infections are distributed throughout the world and are re-emerging in the Indian subcontinent, especially among children. Aims and Objectives: To study clinic-laboratory profile of Rickettsial fev...

Study of undernutrition and its risk factors using mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) in children aged 6 months to 59 months admitted in paediatric ward

Aim: Study the undernutrition using MUAC in children aged 6 months to 59 months admitted in Paediatric Ward. Objectives: 1. To classify undernutrition using WHO guidelines of MUAC. 2. To find out the possible risk factor...

Study of extra-cardiac anomalies in children with congenital heart diseases

Background:Congenital heart diseases are frequently associated with other non-cardiac congenital malformations and may require intervention of a surgical or medical care independently from the cardiac problem. For these...

Study of hematological and coagulation profile of term neonates born to mothers with PIH as compared to term neonates born to normotensive mothers

Objectives: To study the changes in Hematological and Coagulation profile of newborns born to mothers with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and in neonates born to normotensive mothers. Methods: A prospective study to...

Pediatric autopsy - Does it yields valuable information?

Context: Although autopsy rates have declined significantly in recent decades, studies continue to validate the autopsy as an important source of clinically relevant information, a teaching tool, and a quality assurance...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP261594
  • DOI -
  • Views 107
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Anant Ganpath Bendale, Rajendra Namdeo Patil (2017). A study of clinico-demographic profile and factors associated with the patients of measles at tertiary health care center. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 2(1), 1-4. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-261594