A study of therapeutic role of upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2019, Vol 9, Issue 2

Abstract

Background: As the child grows, explores and interacts with their local habitat they inevitably put foreign bodies into their mouths, ingesting a small proportion of them. Of over a 100000 cases of foreign body ingestion worldwide each year, more than 80% occur in children, mainly between the ages of 6 months and 3 years. Aims and Objectives: To study therapeutic role of upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in the patients who were referred to upper GI endoscopy for therapeutic purpose in one year period i.e. January 2017 to January 2018 , so in the one year period there were 21 patients, after the written consent of parents in case of children were enrolled to study , all of them undergone all routine tests like CBC, X-ray, USG, were undergone therapeutic Endoscopy by all aseptic precaution and standard protocol. The information was entered to excel sheet and analyzed by Excel software for the windows 10 version. Result: In our study we have seen that the majority of the patients were children in that most common age group was 1-5 Yrs. was 52.38%, followed by 5-10 were 33.33%, 10-15 were 9.52%, ≥15 were 4.76%. The majority of the patients female patients i.e. 66.67% and Males were 33.33%. The most common findings on endoscopy was Foreign Body in Esophagus in 71.43%, followed by Foreign Body in stomach in 14.29%, Trichobezar in 9.52%, Achalgia cardia at GE Junction in 4.76%. Out of 18 Foreign Body all of them removed successfully, Out of 2 Trichobezor one removed but other removal was unsuccessful was found in stomach it required explorative laprotomy, Achalgia cardia at GE Junction was corrected by Balloon dilatation. So out of 21 patients only one case was unsuccessful so success rate of Endoscopy was very high i.e. 95.23%. Conclusion: It can be concluded from our study that the majority of the patients were children in that most common age group was 1-5 Yrs. The most common findings on endoscopy were Foreign Body in various sites of GIT, Trichobezar, Achalgia cardia and success rate of Endoscopy was very high i.e. 95.23%.

Authors and Affiliations

Kudlappa Angadi, Nagaraj Kotli

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP469600
  • DOI 10.26611/1014928
  • Views 113
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Kudlappa Angadi, Nagaraj Kotli (2019). A study of therapeutic role of upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 9(2), 71-74. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-469600