Antibiotic resistance of isolates of Escherichia coli from chicken in Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria

Journal Title: Scientific Journal of Microbiology - Year 2015, Vol 4, Issue 6

Abstract

A total of 200 faecal samples were collected from the cloaca of chicken (layers) from four different poultry farms within Sokoto metropolis. In this study, 91 lactose fermenters isolates from Mac Conkey agar (presumed to be E. coli) were isolated out of which 38 isolates were confirmed as E. coli based on their biochemical characteristics. The isolates were then examined for resistance and sensitivity to different antimicrobials of veterinary and human significance. Antibiotic activities against the isolates were determined by Disc Diffusion test (Kirby and Bauer, 1996). Various antibiotic resistances were observed in all the isolates. There were maximum resistance to Amoxycilline and Cotrimoxazole (100%), followed by Augmentin (90%), Tetracycline (80%) and Nalidixic acid (70%).

Authors and Affiliations

Z. Shehu*| Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoto, Nigeria., Y. A. Adamu| Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria., S. Garba| Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoto, Nigeria., U. S Ahmad| Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoto, Nigeria., A. H. Bodinga| Ministry of Animal Health and Fisheries, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP1203
  • DOI 10.14196/sjm.v4i6.1889
  • Views 364
  • Downloads 26

How To Cite

Z. Shehu*, Y. A. Adamu, S. Garba, U. S Ahmad, A. H. Bodinga (2015). Antibiotic resistance of isolates of Escherichia coli from chicken in Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria. Scientific Journal of Microbiology, 4(6), 34-39. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-1203