EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT AND GENDER GAP IN MENA REGION

Journal Title: Asian Economic and Financial Review - Year 2017, Vol 7, Issue 6

Abstract

Education is central to human capital capacity‐building, and major determinant of economic development, as it has long been considered as an important investment both for social and economic development. The Middle East and North African countries have been aware of the importance of education therefore considered it as a key part of their strategies and future planning; enrollments at different levels of education have improved dramatically over the past few decades. This study is an empirical investigation to the impact of different level of education attainment on employment level, labor force participation rate and gender gap of employment. For that purpose the cross section time series or panel data set consisting of 15 countries ? where the data is comparable -has been taken. Panel data regression analysis has been carried out to find out the magnitude and direction of relationship between dependent and independent variables. Further Hausman test of specification has been applied for the selection between fixed effect model and random effect model. The main finding of this study, that there is negative relationship between educational attainment and male labor participation rate, while it is positive in case of females labor force. The study found also that with the improvement of educational attainment there has been a decrease employment gender gap.

Authors and Affiliations

Mwafaq M. Dandan*| Post Doctorate Researcher, Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences, University of Minho/Portugal - Associate professor, PhD .of economics, Albalqa Applied University/Jordan, Ana Paula Marques| Associate Professor, PhD of Sociology (University of Minho/Portugal), Senior Researcher, Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences (CICS. NOVA. UMinho)

Keywords

Related Articles

ENTREPRENEURIAL EMPOWERMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIAL SECTOR IN RURAL AREAS OF SEMARANG REGENCY INDONESIA

Sources of income of farmers not only from the agricultural sector, but farmers often also work in other sectors such as in the non-agricultural sector. In this regard, the economic empowerment of farmers should also con...

COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN MALAYSIA AND NIGERIA FORMAL LOW COST HOUSING POLICY ISSUES

The current practice housing policies of Malaysia and Nigeria did not highlight on the affordability of formal low cost houses. There are no laws, sections or guidelines regulating the affairs of formal low cost housing....

Debt and Debt Volatility: Effect on Economic Growth in Nigeria

Today the major economic problem of the developing nation is the effect and volatility of debt on the real development of the economy. Debt volume continues to increase while the GDP either remain constant or increase at...

LOGISTIC COST MANAGEMENT IN ENTERPRISES: THE EXAMPLE OF KARAMAN, AKSARAY AND KAYSERİ PROVINCES

Logistics management is the customer, market and distributional channel based planning of logistic activities and determining the execution of these activities through outsourcing or within the enterprise and conducting...

The Arabo-Mediterranean momentum strategies

This paper documents strong evidence for the robust profitability of the momentum strategies inter and intra five Arabo-Mediterranean stocks’ markets. Between 1998 and 2007 we find that the related stocks’ returns exhibi...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP2393
  • DOI -
  • Views 459
  • Downloads 81

How To Cite

Mwafaq M. Dandan*, Ana Paula Marques (2017). EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT AND GENDER GAP IN MENA REGION. Asian Economic and Financial Review, 7(6), 573-588. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-2393