Effect of temperature and salt concentration on microbial changes during Tarkhineh fermentation

Journal Title: Scientific Journal of Biological Sciences - Year 2013, Vol 2, Issue 1

Abstract

Tarkhineh is a traditional Iranian fermented cereal food produced both commercially and in homes. It is mainly used in the form of a thick and creamy soup consumed at lunch or dinner and is easily digested. In this study, Tarkhineh were fermented at three different temperatures (10, 20, 37) ˚C and two different salt content of (0.5, 1) %. The purpose of the present study was changes micro flora throughout spontaneous fermentation of Tarkhineh. The results show that the naturally occurring lactic acid bacteria load was found to vary between 1.97×105 cfu/gr to 4×105 cfu/gr at 10˚C . The yeast and mold counts decrease from 1.04 ×105 cfu/gr to 0 cfu/gr at 10˚C. Lactic acid bacteria load was found to vary between 1.97×105 cfu/gr to 4.3×105 cfu/gr at 20˚C. The yeast and mold counts decrease from 1.04 ×105 cfu/gr to 3×104 cfu/gr at 20˚C and salt content 0.5%. Lactic acid bacteria load was found to vary between 1.97×105 cfu/gr to 1.1×106 cfu/gr at 37˚C. The yeast and mold counts decrease from 1.04 ×105 cfu/gr to 3×104 cfu/gr at 37˚C and salt content 0.5%. The largest increase in the numbers of LAB was noted during the first 24 h of fermentation and further incubation led to decrease. Maximum total acids produced in Tarkhineh at 37oC. At 37oC, the optimum ripening period was 1 day. The results show that the temperature and salt content is effective on microbial changes during Tarkhineh fermentation.

Authors and Affiliations

F. Tabatabaei-Yazdi*| Department of Food science and technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran., B. Alizadeh-Behbahani| Department of Food science and technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran., A. Mortazavi| Department of Food science and technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran.

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP1075
  • DOI -
  • Views 346
  • Downloads 23

How To Cite

F. Tabatabaei-Yazdi*, B. Alizadeh-Behbahani, A. Mortazavi (2013). Effect of temperature and salt concentration on microbial changes during Tarkhineh fermentation. Scientific Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(1), 8-16. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-1075