HOST PLANTS AND CLIMATIC PREFERENCES OF THE INVASIVE SPECIES METCALFA PRUINOSA (SAY 1830) (HEMIPTERA: FLATIDAE) IN SOME PLACES FROM SOUTHERN ROMANIA
Journal Title: Current Trends in Natural Sciences - Year 2015, Vol 4, Issue 8
Observations carried out in May-September 2015 in two sites of Southern Romania reveal a rich spectrum of host plants for Metcalfa pruinosa, which consists of 204 species in 56 families. The species it is noticed on weeds and cultivated plants. The remarkable polyphagia of this species, the lack of natural enemies, and the climatic conditions of 2015 - warm and dry summer, had lead to an invasion of M. pruinosa, in the researched areas; the highest numerical abundances are noticed in shady habitats. Furthermore, on herbs, such as Levisticum officinale, Artemisia dracunculus, Ocimum basilicum, Mentha spp., usually avoided by pests, were observed colonies of the species. It is recorded high numerical abundance on fruit trees and shrubs: Hippophaë rhamnoides, Juglans regia, Prunus cerasus, Vitis vinifera, Rubus idaeus. The harmful effect occurs on apple trees Romus 1 variety as a result of the association with another pest of American origin, Eriosoma lanigerum, situation that favors the attack of the Erwinia amylovora bacteria, causing the collapse of the tree. It is found that altitudes higher than 200 m do not represent a limitative factor in the spreading of species, one of the investigated sites being located at 304 m altitude.
Authors and Affiliations
Daniela Bărbuceanu, Codruţa Mihaela Dobrescu, Violeta Boruz, Asea Timuş
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How To Cite
Daniela Bărbuceanu, Codruţa Mihaela Dobrescu, Violeta Boruz, Asea Timuş (2015). HOST PLANTS AND CLIMATIC PREFERENCES OF THE INVASIVE SPECIES METCALFA PRUINOSA (SAY 1830) (HEMIPTERA: FLATIDAE) IN SOME PLACES FROM SOUTHERN ROMANIA. Current Trends in Natural Sciences, 4(8), -. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-25027