“JOURNEYS OF THE MIND” IN THE RUSSIAN CULTURAL SOCIETY OF THE 1760-S. EDUCATIONAL AND PUBLISHING ACTIVITY OF KHERASKOV LITERARY CIRCLE

Journal Title: Studia Litterarum - Year 2016, Vol 1, Issue 1

Abstract

This article examines one of the pages of the history of Russian Freemasonry as a philosophical and ideological trend within the circles of reflective minds of the Russian society and its influence on the literary process; in particular, it explores a connection of Freemasonry rationalist philosophy with the “journeys of the mind” in the works of M. M. Kheraskov and his Moscow literary circle (A. P. Sumarokov, A. A. Nartov, A. A. Rzhevsky, Alex and Simon Naryshkin, D. Anichkov, J. I. Bulgakov, V. I. Maikov, and I. F. Bogdanovich) that to a certain extent reflected complex processes of the development of spiritual culture in the eighteenth century Russia. For the members of Moscow literary circle, a journal was not only the most efcient way to establish and maintain contacts with the readers but also the means of enlightening contemporaries introducing them to literature. These literati, for the frst time in history, developed a group with its own philosophical, political, and literary position: they claimed that enlightened mind creates and perfects a soul that is open to kindness and love and that moral life is based on the awareness of the moral imperative. The essay analyzes didactic essays by the above mentioned authors and their translations (from Montaigne, Fontenelle, Voltaire, Dodsli, and Gellert — a circle of spiritual reading they promoted) in chronological order of their publication in the magazines issued in the 1760 ‘s: “Useful Jollifcation,” “Free Hours,” “Monthly Essays Serving to Instruct and Entertain,” “Idle Time,” and “Hardworking Bee.” As the analysis reveals, they understood enlightenment mainly as self-knowledge and self-improvement of a single individual; intellectual connection was reduced to the narrow circle of single-minded and educated persons. To understand the “laws of the mind” and to build a life of body and soul on their basis was the goal that Russian Freemason authors pursued as they attempted to develop and promote a new moral that would rely not on religious authority but on the supremacy of reason.

Authors and Affiliations

Natalia D. Bludilina

Keywords

Related Articles

Postmodernist Techniques and Grown-Up Themes in the Juvenile Novel Learning to Scream (2009) by Beate T. Hanike

The novel Learning to Scream (Rotkäppchen muss weinen, 2009) by Beate Teresa Hanika is addressed to the adolescent reader. This is a novel about growing up, a novelinitiation which main character challenges life circums...

LEO TOLSTOY’S POPULAR THEATRE: THE BEGINNING OF THE WRITER’S EDUCATIONAL SERVICE

This article examines the frst phase of Leo Tolstoy’s educational service in the feld of the popular theatre on the example of the stage history of his comedy The First Distiller (1886). I see my task in the reconstruct...

ESENIN’S RECEPTION IN RUSSIA AND ABROAD

This is an analytical overview of the International Conference “Esenin in Literature and Culture of the Peoples of Russia and Abroad” held on September 22–24, 2016 in Moscow and Ryazan region. The conference was devote...

FROM THE CULT OF THE “SELF” TO THE ANCESTOR CULT: TRILOGY THE CULT OF THE SELF BY MAURICE BARRÈS

The debut of Maurice Barrès, his trilogy The Cult of the Self immediately won the reader’s attention. In the 1890s, his works evoked increasing interest. His contemporaries read them as a fascinating narrative about the...

ADULT AND HIS OTHER: CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE CHILDHOOD IN THE AUSTRIAN MODERNIST FICTION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF R.M. RILKE)

The childhood as the subject of psychology, philosophy, and art is object of intensive study in the 20th century Austrian culture. Childhood is seen as the origin of personhood, its “code” that calls for interpretation...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP26090
  • DOI 10.22455/ 2500-4247-2016-1-1-2-256-268
  • Views 332
  • Downloads 22

How To Cite

Natalia D. Bludilina (2016). “JOURNEYS OF THE MIND” IN THE RUSSIAN CULTURAL SOCIETY OF THE 1760-S. EDUCATIONAL AND PUBLISHING ACTIVITY OF KHERASKOV LITERARY CIRCLE. Studia Litterarum, 1(1), -. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-26090