Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

Journal Title: Open Veterinary Journal - Year 2011, Vol 1, Issue 10


The present study involved 50 adult female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatto) of age ranging between 4 to 15 years. Pregnancy diagnosis was done by using laparoscopic method. Anesthesia was achieved by using xylazine (2mg/kg) and ketamine (10mg/kg) intramuscularly. The gravid uterus was located close to the urinary bladder in early pregnancy and in abdominal cavity in the mid and late stage of pregnancy. The procedure was completed within 10 - 12 minutes. There were no complications after the surgery and recovery of animal was smooth and uneventful. The results of this study showed that laparoscopic method is also one of the methods of pregnancy diagnosis in rhesus macaques and it can be a precise and a reliable method of pregnancy diagnosis in rhesus macaques.

Authors and Affiliations

V. Kumar| Wild Life, Monkey Sterilization Centre, Distt - Kangra, Himachal Pradesh-176059, India , A. Raj| Veterinary Hospital – Deol, Distt - Kangra, Himachal Pradesh-176125, India, P. Kumar| Department of Veterinary Obstetrics and Gynaecology CSKHPKV, Palampur Himachal Pradesh -176062, India


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  • EP ID EP9247
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How To Cite

V. Kumar, A. Raj, P. Kumar (2011). Pregnancy diagnosis by laparoscopy in free range rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Open Veterinary Journal, 1(10), 32-34.