Recent progress in sustainable development and environmentally friendly energy systems: Case of Sudan

Journal Title: Scientific Journal of Biological Sciences - Year 2016, Vol 5, Issue 1


The move towards a low-carbon world, driven partly by climate science and partly by the business opportunities it offers, will need the promotion of environmentally friendly alternatives, if an acceptable stabilisation level of atmospheric carbon dioxide is to be achieved. People are relying upon oil for primary energy and this will continue for a few more decades. Other conventional sources may be more enduring, but are not without serious disadvantages. The renewable energy resources are particularly suited for the provision of rural power supplies and a major advantage is that equipment such as flat plate solar driers, wind machines, etc., can be constructed using local resources. Without the advantage results from the feasibility of local maintenance and the general encouragement such local manufacture gives to the build up of small-scale rural based industry. This communication comprises a comprehensive review of energy sources, the environment and sustainable development. It includes the renewable energy technologies, energy efficiency systems, energy conservation scenarios, energy savings in greenhouses environment and other mitigation measures necessary to reduce climate change. This study gives some examples of small-scale energy converters, nevertheless it should be noted that small conventional, i.e., engines are currently the major source of power in rural areas and will continue to be so for a long time to come. There is a need for some further development to suit local conditions, to minimise spares holdings, to maximise the interchangeability of the engine parts, and of the engine applications. Emphasis should be placed on full local manufacture. It is concluded that renewable environmentally friendly energy must be encouraged, promoted, implemented and demonstrated by a full-scale plant (device) especially for use in remote rural areas.

Authors and Affiliations

Abdeen Mustafa Omer*| Energy Research Institute (ERI), Nottingham, UK.


Related Articles

Variations in proximate and minerals composition of wild and cultivated clarias gariepinus (burchell, 1822)

The proximateand minerals composition of wild and farmed Clarias gariepinus was studied toidentify nutritional difference that might induced by habitat change. Thirty sixindividual fish from both wild and hatchery-raised...

Attraction of eyestalk ablated Lymnaea acuminata towards the different photo and chemo stimulant

In the eye of Lymnaea acuminata cornea, lens, microvillar layer, pigmented layer, cell layer and photoreceptors works in well organized manner and respond to photic stimulation. In the present study attraction of eye sta...

Xylinasic and amylasic activities of some microorganisms in the digestive exudate of termites (Macrotermes Subhyalinus and Macrotermes Bellicosus)

Termites areterrestrial insects involved in the degradation of complex substances such ascellulose and hemicellulose found into the plant. They thus influence soilproperties and contribute to the emission of methane gas...

Isolation, identification and comparison of lactic acid bacteria from fermented be produced in Iran Kimchi with Korean commercial samples: introduction of a probiotic product

Kimchi is the general term given to a group of acid fermented vegetable foods traditionally produced in Korea, China and other South Asian countries. In this study, two different formulations of Kimchi were produced in I...

The effects of Ephedra (Ephedra funereal) and protexin probiotic on some blood parameters in male Japanese quail (Coturnix Japonica)

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding Ephedra and protexin on performance and some hematological parameters of male Japanese quail. A total of 240 seven days old quail chicks were divided in...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP1126
  • DOI 10.14196/sjbs.v5i1.2134
  • Views 355
  • Downloads 26

How To Cite

Abdeen Mustafa Omer* (2016). Recent progress in sustainable development and environmentally friendly energy systems: Case of Sudan. Scientific Journal of Biological Sciences, 5(1), 125-154.