Social Exclusion and Criminalization: the Case Study of Homeless Ex-convicts


Using insights of criminological and sociological theories, the article explores the dynamic connection between incarceration and homelessness and identifies specific vulnerabilities related to unemployment, family background, addiction, and stigmatization. According to Garland (2011) and Young (2007), late modern welfare state and neoliberal economics (Wacquant 2009a, 2009b & 2012) developed and institutionalized penal-welfarism as a strategic solution to class conflict, unemployment and poverty. The article analyzes 15 semi-structured interviews with sheltered homeless men in Vilnius and Kaunas and one focus group interview with members of the NGOs dealing with homelessness. The results of the research demonstrate that only two research participants had jobs and none of them had stable partnership at the time of the interviews. Most research participants have never been married and had no children. Their lack of education, working skills and stigmatizing criminal background determined these men’s unemployment. Excluded in both the labor market and family sphere the homeless men are in an extreme need of the welfare state support. However, support offered by the welfare state is rather insufficient. Moreover, the homeless men face and have to cope with the overlapping double stigma: being homeless and ex-prisoners. Their experiences of poverty, incarceration, homelessness, unstable family and foster houses demonstrate these men’s multidimensional social exclusion and insurmountable cycle of homelessness and incarceration.

Authors and Affiliations

Rūta Petkevičiūtė


Related Articles

 Paradigms of Migration: From Integration to Transnationalism

This article provides a critical analysis from the viewpoint of social anthropology of the different theoretic approaches that also set the tone of current debates on immigration in Europe and elsewhere. We begin by retr...

 Pilietiškumo konstravimas globalumo kontekste: NVO vaidmens kaita Lietuvoje

Remiantis globalizacijos teorijų įžvalgomis ir atkreipiant dėmesį į pilietinės visuomenės raidą pokomunistinėse šalyse, straipsnyje pateikiama nevyriausybinių organizacijų vaidmens kaita Lietuvoje globalumo kontekste. Gl...

International Classification of Diseases and Medically Unexplained Disorders

This article focuses on the evolution of perception and definition of health and illness and concurrent substantial changes in the medical classifications of diseases and medicine itself. The article starts with discussi...

 Does Religion Matter?

The review of Tomka, M. 2011. Expanding Religion. Religious Revival in Post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe. Berlin/new york: De Gruyter.

(Self-)Involvement in the Social Service System: Attitudes of the Residents of Homeless Shelters and of the Staff at Social Service Institutions

With neo-liberal welfare policy developing the concept of a beneficiary dependent on the welfare system, the growing number of such persons and the increasing duration of their dependency prompt a discussion about the “c...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP116579
  • DOI
  • Views 52
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Rūta Petkevičiūtė (2014). Social Exclusion and Criminalization: the Case Study of Homeless Ex-convicts. KultŁ«ra ir visuomenė. SocialiniŁ³ tyrimŁ³ Ł¾urnalas, 5(2), 85-104.