Tuberculosis status among patients visiting antiretroviral therapy centers of Seti Zonal Hospital and Mahakali Zonal Hospital of far western Nepal

Journal Title: Journal of Advances in Internal Medicine - Year 2014, Vol 3, Issue 1

Abstract

Background and aims: Tuberculosis is still a major public health problem in Nepal. The situation is further worsened by the widespread epidemic of HIV. Knowledge of TB/HIV co-infection is essential for effective dual case management. The objective of this study was to determine the TB/HIV coinfection status among patients visiting antiretroviral therapy centers of Seti Zonal Hospital and Mahakali Zonal Hospital. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in the department of Microbiology at Siddhanath Science Campus, Mahendranagar between January 2012 and July 2012. One hundred three patients were randomly selected, and were investigated for tuberculosis by direct microscopy and cultural technique. Socio-demographic features were collected by pre structured questionnaire. Data were entered into SPSS 11.5 and analyzed. Results: Of the 103 people infected with HIV, 46 (44.7%) were males and 57(55.3%) were females. Majority (64.07%) of them were in the productive age group (21-40 years). Forty two (40.8%) of the respondents were not literate. As high as 43.9% of the women were widow and 10.7% of the studied subjects showed mother to child transmission. The overall prevalence of TB among HIV infected people was found to be 4.9%. Among five TB cases only two cases were detected by direct microscopy. Conclusion: The overall prevalence of TB among HIV infected people was found to be 4.9%. Youths of productive age groups with low socioeconomic status were more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. Culture was found to be more superior method of diagnosis than microscopy.

Authors and Affiliations

Govinda Prasad Dhungana*| Department of Microbiology Tribhuvan University Shree Siddhanath Science Campus, Mahendranagar, Kanchanpur, Nepal, Madan Singh Bohara| Department of Microbiology Tribhuvan University Shree Siddhanath Science Campus, Mahendranagar, Kanchanpur, Nepal, Sashi Sharma| Departmentof Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal, Ananya Adhikari| Medical officer, Meridian polyclinic, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal, Prem Khadga| Departmentof Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal, Basista Prasad Rijal| Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal, Bharat Mani Pokhrel| Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal, Bhawani Chand Thakuri| Farwestern University, Mahendranagr, Kanchanpur, Nepal, Krishna Prasad Pant| Department of Microbiology Tribhuvan University Shree Siddhanath Science Campus, Mahendranagar, Kanchanpur, Nepal

Keywords

Related Articles

Coronary stenting using a 6 French diagnostic catheter: A case report

Guiding catheters have larger lumen diameter as compared to the same size diagnostic catheters, and thus provide adequate arterial blood flow and good visualization of the artery during percutaneous coronary intervention...

Correlation of neck and wrist circumference with waist circumference

Background and aims: Body mass index, waist and hip circumference have been using for measurement of obesity, however practically it’s difficult to get these measures accurately because of the various reasons, so an alte...

THE EFFECT OF AQUATIC EXTRACT FROM SALIX SPP GALL ON MULTIPLICATION AND RHIZOGENESIS OF THE SALIX ALBA EXPLANTS

In order to evaluate effects of Salix Spp gall’s extract on multiplication and rhizogenesis of the explant’s Salix Alba, this study was conducted in 2009 based on a completely randomized design. Galls extract concentrati...

Ulcerative Colitis complicated by lower limbs thromboemboilism- an unusual case scenario

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk of vascular complications. In ulcerative colitis, 10% of deaths are attributed to thromboembolic complications. Arterial thromboembolic complications...

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT FERTILIZING SYSTEMS USING GREEN MANURE AND ZEOPONIX ON QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE YIELD OF FORAGE RAPE (BRASSICA NAPUS) IN SEQUENTIAL CROPPING SYSTEM

To study of the effect of different fertilizing systems using green manure and zeoponix on quantitative and qualitative yield of forage rape (Brassica napus) in sequential cropping system an experiment was carried out at...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP4777
  • DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jaim.v3i1.10696
  • Views 301
  • Downloads 21

How To Cite

Govinda Prasad Dhungana*, Madan Singh Bohara, Sashi Sharma, Ananya Adhikari, Prem Khadga, Basista Prasad Rijal, Bharat Mani Pokhrel, Bhawani Chand Thakuri, Krishna Prasad Pant (2014). Tuberculosis status among patients visiting antiretroviral therapy centers of Seti Zonal Hospital and Mahakali Zonal Hospital of far western Nepal. Journal of Advances in Internal Medicine, 3(1), 11-16. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-4777