Underweight increases the risk of pulmonary tuberculosis in adult

Journal Title: Universa Medicina - Year 2017, Vol 36, Issue 1

Abstract

Background Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in middle- and low-income countries. The risk of developing TB may be related to nutritional status. Socioeconomic and behavioral factors are also shown to increase the susceptibility to TB infection. The objective of this study was to determine nutritional factors as risk factors of pulmonary TB in adult. Methods This was an observational study of case control design. The study subjects were community members consisting of 19 adult cases of pulmonary tuberculosis and 38 controls. Data on nutritional intakes were obtained by semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), while smoking behavior, history of DM, body mass index, education, and income were obtained by structured interviews. The data were analyzed by independent t-test and logistic regression for calculation of the odds ratio (OR). Results The bivariate test showed that the adequacy levels for energy (OR=6.8; 95% CI: 1.51-30.54), protein (OR=5.1; 95% CI: 1.52-17.14), vitamin A (OR=4.2; 5% CI: 1.31-13.54), vitamin C (OR=3.8;95% CI: 1.21-12.36), selenium (OR=4.2; 95% CI: 1.34-13.58), body mass index (OR=4.4; 95% CI: 1.32-14.35) and smoking behavior (OR=3.7; 95% CI: 1.15-11.9), were significant risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis. Multiple logistic regression test showed that low body mass index (<18.5 kg/m2) (OR=6.0; 95% CI: 1.32-27.18) was a the most influential risk factor of pulmonary tuberculosis. Conclusion Low body mass index is the most influential risk factor for pulmonary tuberculosis incidence in adult. Nutrition profile in adult is an important determinant of TB incidence.

Authors and Affiliations

Galuh Chandra Irawan, Ani Margawati, Ali Rosidi

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP383179
  • DOI 10.18051/UnivMed.2017.v36.4-10
  • Views 143
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Galuh Chandra Irawan, Ani Margawati, Ali Rosidi (2017). Underweight increases the risk of pulmonary tuberculosis in adult. Universa Medicina, 36(1), 4-10. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-383179