Polish Political Science Yearbook

Polish Political Science Yearbook

Basic info

  • Publisher: Adam Marszałek Publishing Group
  • Country of publisher: poland
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Sep/28

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Political Science, Social Sciences, Sociology
  • Publisher's keywords: Political Science
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License:
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: No
  • Year open access content began: 1967
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier:
  • Content digitally archived in:
  • Deposit policy registered in:

This journal has '48' articles

Remembrance, Identity Politics and Political Transitions: a Comparative Study

Remembrance, Identity Politics and Political Transitions: a Comparative Study

Authors: Joanna Marszałek–Kawa, Patryk Wawrzyński
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The paper presents findings of the comparative study on relationships between remembrance story-telling and the transitional reconstruction of political identities. It identifies in which areas and fields of impact governments tend to use interpretations of the past to promote new leadership visions of society. Moreover, it verifies theoretical hypotheses related to the politicised remembrance and its role as a political asset during transformations, as well as it considers the theoretical framework of democracy-building (and a common prediction of its universal character). As a result, the study offers a detailed picture of the way remembrance narratives are transformed into explanations, justifications or legitimisation of new, post-authoritarian identities based on qualitative-to-quantitative analysis of the intensity of story-telling and its links with transitional identity politics. In the conclusion, the Authors present their consideration of research findings, and they discuss it with reference to the nature of transitional government’s remembrance policy as a sphere of social influence.

Keywords: democratisation; transformations; collective memory; remembrance policy; new elites; transitional justice; social stratification; symbolic roles
Significance of the Social Vision of Great People in Times of Political Transition

Significance of the Social Vision of Great People in Times of Political Transition

Authors: Konrad Wyszkowski
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The author offers a new approach to a phenomenon of social legends of great individuals from a philosophical point of view. He starts with a presentation of his interpretation of the concept of the Platonic tradition of a divine man and a cult or hagiography of such men in the ideal Platonic state, alongside with an explanation, inspired by Platonic authors. He collates this concept and its justification (rationalization) with today’s social and political reception of axiology, in order to present it as an epiphany of higher values. He collates it also with the results of philosophical reflection on a ductility of history, in order to show it as a prototype of something real in its historical efficiency. The author ends with summary and explanation of his proposal.

Keywords: political philosophy; philosophy of history; nihilism; Neoplatonism; Platonism; moral education; modern reception of axiology
Cultural War and Reinventing the Past in Poland and Hungary: The Politics of Historical Memory in East–Central Europe

Cultural War and Reinventing the Past in Poland and Hungary: The Politics of Historical Memory in East–Central Europe

Authors: Attila Ágh
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

This paper has been based on three assumptions that have been widely discussed in the international political science: (1) there has been a decline of democracy in East–Central Europe (ECE) with the emergence of “velvet dictatorships”, (2) the velvet dictatorships rely on the soft power of media and communication rather on the hard power of state violence that has provoked “cultural wars“ and (3) the basic turning point is the transition from the former modernization narrative to the traditional narrative with “reinventing the past” and “reconceptualising modernity” through the reference to the historically given collective national identity by launching the “politics of historical memory”. The velvet dictatorships have been using and abusing the national history as an ideological drug to consolidate their power. The (social and national) populism and Euroscepticism are the basic twin terms to describe the soft power of the new (semi)authoritarian regimes. They are convertible, the two sides of the same coin, since they express the same divergence from the EU mainstream from inside and outside. Soft power means that the political contest in the new regimes has been transferred from the hard to the soft fields of politics as the fight between the confronting narratives. The victory of the traditionalist–nativist narrative carries also the message that the people are only passive “subjects” and not active citizens, so the field of politics has been extremely narrowed in the “new brave world” in ECE.

Keywords: Hungary; Poland; East–Central Europe; historical memory; politics of memory; cultural war; reinventing the past
Securitization of Past: Analysis of the Katyń Issue in the Context of EU Integration

Securitization of Past: Analysis of the Katyń Issue in the Context of EU Integration

Authors: Olga Sebina
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

This paper provides a theoretical explanation of what causes historical issues to impact bilateral relations between two states. The case which was chosen for analysis – popularly known as the Katyń issue – involves changes in Polish foreign policy towards the Russian Federation due to the remembrance of the Katyń Massacre. The main assumptions are based on the concept of securitization and its analytical framework, particularly the societal portion, which is proposed by the Copenhagen School of security study. The process of European integration can be seen as the main causal factor leading to a complex of vertical and horizontal competition between Poland, the EU, and Russia over the construction of their historical identities with a referent object of securitization in Poland. The main conclusion of this paper suggests that significant differences in the understanding of various nations’ roles in WW2 between the EU and Russia have led to the securitization of the Polish historical image of WW2. The Polish audience considered it important to accept the historical truth. The Katyń issue in Polish–Russian relations has become a case that reflects the process which leads to securitization of disputes between historical victims and victimizers on a state–to–state level.

Keywords: securitization; the Katyń issue; Polish foreign policy
The Uncompleted Revolution? The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia in the Post–Communist Reality

The Uncompleted Revolution? The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia in the Post–Communist Reality

Authors: Marcin Czyżniewski
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The change of the political regime in Czechoslovakia, called the Velvet Revolution, is considered as a success story of transformation after 1989. However, in nowadays Czech Republic, the Communist Party still exists – this is the only such case among democratic countries of Central Europe. It makes us ask the question: is the Velvet Revolution completed? The author treats the activities of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia as a criterion for the assessment of changes in the Czech Republic after 1989 and wonders how strong for the assessment of the transformation influences the relics of the former regime. He stresses that transformation in the Czech Republic can’t be assessed on a comparative scale, because pace and effects of changes were different in different countries, as different was the nature of the previous regimes. The author concludes that the existence of the Communist Party is the natural element of contemporary political reality of the Czech Republic, which negates the achievements of transformation in no way.

Keywords: political transformation; the Czech Republic; communist parties; Central Europe; the Velvet Revolution
Post–Yugoslav Collective Memory: Between National and Transnational Myths

Post–Yugoslav Collective Memory: Between National and Transnational Myths

Authors: Magdalena Rekść
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyse the image of Yugoslavia in the collective memories of the post–Yugoslav societies. The author of this text, basing on an assumption that every society has a great number of collective memories, highlights the fact that among the Balkan nations one can find both supporters and opponents not only of the SFRY but also of the idea of the cooperation among the Southern Slavs. Both positive and negative opinions of Yugoslavia in the collective memories are based not on the sober assessment of the historical facts but on collective emotions and historical and political myths. The anti–Yugoslav discourse in primarily based on the national mythology. The discourse of the supporters of the Yugoslav tradition one the other hand, goes back in a large extend to the transnational myths. By discussing these two types of ideas about Yugoslavia, the author of this text tries to show their impact on the current political decisions.

Keywords: collective memory; Yugoslavia; myth; collective identity; Yugo–nostalgia
The Political Myth of Margaret Thatcher in Scotland

The Political Myth of Margaret Thatcher in Scotland

Authors: Tomasz Czapiewski
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The article describes and explains the phenomenon of the political myth of Margaret Thatcher – her anti–Scottish attitude and policies and its impact on the process of decomposition of the United Kingdom. The author indicates that the view of Margaret Thatcher’s dominance in Scotland is simplified, stripped of complexity, ignoring significant information conflicting with the thesis, but that also plays an important role in current politics, legitimizing secessionist demands and strengthening the identity of the Scottish community. In the contemporary Scottish debate with its unequivocal defence policy of Thatcher is outside of the discourse, proving its sanctity status. Thatcher could see this special Scottish dimension within the United Kingdom, but treated it rather as a delay in the reforms needed in the country. There are many counterarguments to the validity of the Thatcher myth. Firstly, many negative processes that took place in the 80s were not initiated by Thatcher, only accelerated. Secondly, the Tory decline in popularity in the north began before the leadership of Thatcher and has lasted long after her dismissal. The Conservative Party was permanently seen in Scotland as openly English. Thirdly, there is a lot of accuracy in the opinion that the real division is not between Scotland and England, only between southern England and the rest of the country. Widespread opinion that Thatcher was hostile to Scotland is to a large extent untruthful. She has never retreated radically from any of the Scottish privileges, such as the Barnett formula or the Scottish Development Agency.

Keywords: political myth; United Kingdom; Scotland; Margaret Thatcher; Thatcherism; devolution; independence
Sites of Memory in the Public Space of Chile and Georgia: the Transition and Pre–Transition Period

Sites of Memory in the Public Space of Chile and Georgia: the Transition and Pre–Transition Period

Authors: Joanna Marszałek–Kawa, Anna Ratke-Majewska
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

By undertaking discussion on the aspect of special forms of commemoration, we may obtain a lot of useful information about the remembrance policy of a given country. That is why the analysis of the issue of the sites of memory seems to be of key importance for understanding problems related to the state’s interpretation of the past from the perspective of an authoritarian regime, political transition and democracy. The aim of this paper is to address one of the elements of a broader issue, i.e. the study of the politics of memory. This element focuses on the presentation of the most significant sites of memory in two countries with the experience of authoritarianism – Chile and Georgia – emphasizing changes which took place in the sphere of commemoration from the beginning of democratic transformation to the moment of achieving full democracy. By describing these places we are showing the main directions and framework assumptions of the remembrance policies of Chile and Georgia, reflected in the form of spatial and visual objects of the “living history”.

Keywords: sites of memory; politics of memory; democratic transformation; democracy; Chile; Georgia
The European Court of Human Rights on Nazi and Soviet Past in Central and Eastern Europe

The European Court of Human Rights on Nazi and Soviet Past in Central and Eastern Europe

Authors: Aleksandra Gliszczyńska–Grabias, Grażyna Baranowska
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The article demonstrates how references to Nazi and Soviet past are perceived and evaluated by the European Court of Human Rights. Individual cases concerning Holocaust and Nazism, which the Court has examined so far, are compared here to judgments rendered with regard to Communist regime. The article proves that the Court treats more leniently state interference with freedom of expression when memory about Nazism and Holocaust is protected than when a post–Communist state wants to preserve a critical memory about the regime. The authors of the article agree with the attitude of the Court which offers a wide margin of appreciation to states restrictively treating references to Nazism and Holocaust, including comparisons to the Holocaust, Nazism or fascism used as rhetorical devices. At the same time they postulate that other totalitarian systems should be treated by the Court equally.

Keywords: ECtHR; European Court of Human Rights; ECHR; European Convention on Human Rights; memory laws
Decommunisation of the Public Space in Post–Euromaidan Ukraine

Decommunisation of the Public Space in Post–Euromaidan Ukraine

Authors: Antonina Kozyrska
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The problem of thorough and ultimate decommunisation in Ukraine got suddenly valid during Euromaidan on the turn of 2013/2014 and after its termination. It became a component of post–revolutionary reforms in the field of policy of memory. A year after Euromaidan Ukraine’s parliament adopted four “decommunisation laws” on 9 April 2015. One of them concerns the condemnation of the Communist regime and prohibition the propaganda of his symbols. The author analysed contents of the law and focused on the results of decommunisation, which included the cleansing the public space from Soviet–era legacy. Full implementation of the law was planned for the year. During this time the goal was almost fully implemented regarding the renaming of many locations and districts. The communist names of thousands streets, squares, urban districts were changed, although this process was delayed. The process of renaming of many institutions, industrial plants and press titles was very slow.

Keywords: Ukraine; Euromaidan; politics of memory; decommunisation
South African Post–Apartheid Transitional Remembrance Policy (1994–1999)

South African Post–Apartheid Transitional Remembrance Policy (1994–1999)

Authors: Patryk Wawrzyński, Alicja Stańco-Wawrzyńska
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The paper presents results of the qualitative–to–quantitative narrative analysis of the transitional remembrance policy in South Africa during Nelson R. Mandela’s presidency. It refers to findings on the structure of political applications of historical interpretations to the issue of national identity reconstruction during democratisation. Therefore, the paper considers a degree in which remembrance story–telling was used to legitimise, justify, explain and promote the Rainbow Nation, the inclusive and non–racial vision of South Africa’s ’ideal self’ based on Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s theology of Ubuntu hoping. It investigated these relationships on eight levels – legitimisation of new elites, presence of former elites, transitional justice, social costs of transformations, promotion of new standards, the symbolic roles of democratisation, need for national unity and the new state’s identity in international politics. Moreover, the paper introduces a draft comparison with other cases of transitional remembrance policy – Chile, Estonia, Georgia, Poland and Spain – and it offers the structural model of the use of historical interpretations in South African transition, as well as discussing it with reference to the general model of the transitional remembrance policy.

Keywords: Rainbow Nation; Truth and Reconciliation Commission; Nelson Mandela; Desmond Tutu; remembrance narratives; political narratives; reconstruction of society; democratisation
The State of Democracy in Poland and Europe

The State of Democracy in Poland and Europe

Authors: Lech Wałęsa
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The exclusive interview with Mr Lech Wałęsa, the legendary leader of “Solidarity” Trade Union, the Noble Peace Prize Laureate in 1983 and the President of Poland from 1990 to 1995, on the state of democracy in Poland and Europe presents Mr Wałęsa’s perspective on challenges that contemporary political leaders have to face. It discusses four major areas: a historical consideration of Poland’s post–communist transformation, a today’s perspective on democracy in Poland, an evaluation of country’s role in the united Europe and a discussion of processes that threat democracy in Poland and Europe. In the interview, Mr Wałęsa shares his hopes and fears, and he presents main ideas for the new political times. His assessments do not focus only on the today’s state of democracy, but he also tries to consider how the democracy may look like in the future. As a result the Polish Political Science Yearbook publishes a unique conversation with the legend of the struggle against Communist dictatorships in Europe that shows Mr Wałęsa’s personal remarks on the democracy, the globalised World and modern technologies.

Keywords: democratisation; transformations; post–communism; Solidarity; the European Union; globalisation; global economy; new technologies
The Role of NGOs in the Development of Societies and Overcoming the Consequences of Crises: Case Studies of Poland and Russia

The Role of NGOs in the Development of Societies and Overcoming the Consequences of Crises: Case Studies of Poland and Russia

Authors: Elena V. Kucheryavaya
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of the article is to present the results of the research conducted by author in Poland and Russia last years, as well as to analyse the ways for improvement the situation in civil society in these countries. The author postulates the need of new understanding of the role of non–governmental organizations in times of crises, which happened in Europe and in the world in recent years (the world financial crisis, migration crisis, political crises in Poland and Russia, the crisis of European integration, etc.). Presented in this article research demonstrates, that mass–media, governments and ordinary people in Poland and Russia see the role of non–governmental organisations primarily in the social problems solving. Moreover, different other studies analysed in the article demonstrate the weakness of non–governmental sector and civil society in these countries. Author concludes that non–governmental organizations have to work in coalitions, because this way they can receive support from other institutions in the network and promote their activities on a larger scale. Networking, federations and coalitions of non–governmental organizations are the significant force in society. It is very important especially in a context of social development of Poland and Russia and overcoming the consequences of crises.

Keywords: non–governmental organisations; civil society; public opinion; Poland; Russia; comparative analysis; crises
Compensation Liability for Damages Incurred while Exercising Public Authority: a Basic Pillar of Democratic State Ruled by Law

Compensation Liability for Damages Incurred while Exercising Public Authority: a Basic Pillar of Democratic State Ruled by Law

Authors: Agata Cebera, Aleksander Wróbel
Year: 2016, Volume: 45, Number:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

The leading aim of this paper is to portray the constitutional institution of compensation liability for unlawful acts of public authorities in Polish law related to the development of general principle concerning democratic rule of law. Compensation for damages brought upon the citizens by civil servants constitutes a basic pillar of contemporary democratic state, because it guarantees acting by public authorities in compliances with law and deepen trustfulness. It is also said that the state of the above–mentioned institution indicates the development of democracy.

Keywords: democracy; state liability; investment arbitration

About Europub

EuroPub is a comprehensive, multipurpose database covering scholarly literature, with indexed records from active, authoritative journals, and indexes articles from journals all over the world. The result is an exhaustive database that assists research in every field. Easy access to a vast database at one place, reduces searching and data reviewing time considerably and helps authors in preparing new articles to a great extent. EuroPub aims at increasing the visibility of open access scholarly journals, thereby promoting their increased usage and impact.