Dental Research and Management

Dental Research and Management

Basic info

  • Publisher: Edelweiss Publications Inc
  • Society/Institution: crossreff
  • Country of publisher: united states
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Sep/29

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
  • Publisher's keywords: Dentistry, oral health
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: 6 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes, 800
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2016
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? True

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: Portico
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '40' articles

Selective Killing Natural Products and Drugs in Oral Cancer Treatments

Selective Killing Natural Products and Drugs in Oral Cancer Treatments

Authors: Hsueh-Wei Chang
Year: 2016, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Most cancer drugs are effective to kill cancer cells but also harm normal cells. Drugs and natural products with the selective killing effect may be helpful to solve this problem. The side effects of many anticancer drugs are partly derived from its damage to both cancer and normal cells without selection. This problem raises the need of anticancer drug discovery with the selective killing effect.

Keywords: oral cancer.Natural products.Anticancer drugs.Antioxidants
Beginnings of University Dental Education in Croatia: A Short Historical Review

Beginnings of University Dental Education in Croatia: A Short Historical Review

Authors: Livia Brisky
Year: 2016, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Improvement of biomedical sciences resulted with recognition of dental medicine as an independent profession, and establishment of dental schools in Europe and America. The founder of dental high education in Croatia was Dr. Eduard Radošević. He was born on February 22, 1884, in Mrkopalj, Gorski kotar, Croatia. After finishing University of Vienna, School of Medicine (1909), and specialization of dentistry in Berlin (1910), he returned to Croatia and opened a private dental office in Zagreb

Keywords: Dental education.Surgery.Physiology of teeth.Dental medicine
No Antibiotics for Tooth Extractions in Diabetic Patients

No Antibiotics for Tooth Extractions in Diabetic Patients

Authors: Alexandre Frascino
Year: 2016, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Diabetes is a disease associated with increased surgical complications and deficient tissue repair. However, recent publications claim that non-compensated diabetic patients have not increased risk for postoperative complications in simple tooth extractions. The tissue repair is a complex sequence of cellular and molecular events that act in concert to restore the structures damaged by trauma and disease and is critical to the maintenance of homeostasis of living organisms. All surgical procedures must be based on the best local and systemic health conditions for the repair processes to restore the integrity and prior tissue architecture.

Keywords: Hyperglycemia.Antibiotics.Tissue repair
Non-Albicans Candida in Oral Cancer

Non-Albicans Candida in Oral Cancer

Authors: Ali Nawaz
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Mouth is an important source of infections and oral infections increase the risk of mortality. Invasive Candida infections (ICI) are associated with high mortality and non-albicans Candida are responsible for most of such cases. Candida may even play a role in the development of cancer [3]. In a recent large follow up study from Denmark two times increased risk of cancers was found in mouth, tongue, oropharynx and esophagus in subjects with Candida infections.

Keywords: Oral cancer.Candida infections.Yeast
Vasoconstrictor for Local Anesthetics

Vasoconstrictor for Local Anesthetics

Authors: Kentaro Ouchi
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Dental local anesthetics contain vasoconstrictors, such as adrenaline and felypressin, to enhance the anesthetic effects and reduce bleeding in the surgical field. Adrenaline has been used for long periods of time as an additive to local anesthetics. With a typical dose range of 10 - 12.5 μg /mL, adrenaline is believed to prolong duration by its vasoconstrictive properties that prevent systemic reabsorption of local anesthetics. Several reports have warned against the use of dental local anesthetics containing adrenaline in patients with cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: Local anesthetics.Vasoconstriction.Adrenaline
Managing Stress, Distress and Coping Strategies in Dentistry

Managing Stress, Distress and Coping Strategies in Dentistry

Authors: Touyz ZG
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background: Dysfunctional social behavior deriving from work distress is common among practicing dentists. 1.2Aim: This paper appraises prevalent stressors for practicing dentists, not only in North America, but also in dental practices in all other continents. This critique aims to describe from a dentists’ viewpoint, what is wrong, why it is wrong and what can be done about it. Deconstruction of stressors: Among the main reasons are misdirected motivations, unfulfilled performances, inadequate coping strategies, unsatisfied needs and frustrations arising from unreasonable expectations. Social changes, financial constructs and professional stressors can all play a part. Discussion: Abuse by financiers, patients and staff, with inadequate skills, muddled management of resources and jumbled attitudes, may precipitate anything from unexplained mood changes to psychotic episodes. These forces may work to convert stress to distress. Concluding remarks: Hopefully this exposition provides answers, novel thinking, fresh insights, orderly approaches, practical skills and coping strategies for dentists to improve their role as health care providers in a community

Keywords: Anxiety. Behavior. Coping. Dentistry. Distress. Mental-Health. Stress. Occupation
Endodontic management of mandibular second molar with Vertucci II canal configuration using Cone Beam Computed Tomography

Endodontic management of mandibular second molar with Vertucci II canal configuration using Cone Beam Computed Tomography

Authors: Nagaveni NB
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Permanent mandibular second molars usually show two roots, one mesial and the other distal root with four root canals (two mesial and two distal canals). Variation in root number and canal morphology rarely occur in these teeth. Cone Beam Computed Tomography is a new advent in the diagnostic field which provides three dimensional clear picture of the root/canal. The present article describes the endodontic management of permanent mandibular left second molar with Vertucci II canal configuration using cone beam computed tomography.

Keywords: Cone beam computed tomography. Endodontic Treatment. Mandibular Second Molar. Vertucci Classification
Associations between HBD3 and Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines in Asymptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis

Associations between HBD3 and Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines in Asymptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis

Authors: Anita Aminoshariae
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of Human Beta Defensin (hBD) 2 and 3, chemokine and cytokine expressions between teeth endodontically diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis (SIP), asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis (ASIP) and normal pulps. We hypothesized that there would be a correlation between hBD’s and the immunoregulatory response. Design: Pulpal samples were collected with paper points. Six samples were obtained from normal teeth, 21 from SIP, 18 from ASIP. Levels of cytokines and beta-defensins were measured by Luminex technology and ELISA, respectively. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test and Spearman correlation test. Differences were considered significant at p<0.05. Results: hBD-2 levels correlated with samples obtained from patients in the ASIP group, but not in the samples obtained from patients with SIP or the control group. HBD-3 concentrations associated with all of the cytokines and chemokines in both SIP and ASIP groups. However, in the normal group, hBD-3 correlated with only TNFα, IL-8, MCP-1, IL-1β, MIP-1a, RANTES, IL-17 in normal group. When comparing control levels of hBD-2 and hBD-3 with patients samples from either the ASIP or the SIP groups, hBD-2 and hBD-3 concentrations were highest in the ASIP group. Conclusions: The hBD-2 and-3 were highly associated with the levels of the chemokines and cytokines in ASIP group. HBD-3 concentrations correlate with the levels of the chemokines and the cytokines in the SIP and ASIP groups

Keywords: Human Beta Defensins. Pulp. Endodontics. Chemokines. Cytokines. Innate Immunity. Adaptive Immunity
Observations of Enamel Microstructure in Incipient Lesions Remineralized by NaF Dentifrices

Observations of Enamel Microstructure in Incipient Lesions Remineralized by NaF Dentifrices

Authors: Makoto Asaizumi
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Synchrotron Radiation (SR) Wide-angle X-ray Diffraction (WAXD) and Small-angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) techniques were used to assess microstructure of bovine enamel white-spot lesions (WSL) evaluated in a 10-day pH cycling model comprising three different dentifrice groups: (A) 0.21% NaF plus TCP (Clinpro Tooth Crème), (B) 1.1% NaF plus TCP (Clinpro 5000), or (C) 0% NaF (Tom’s of Maine) dentifrice. Each day consisted of four 2-minute treatments, one 4-hour acid challenge (pH=5.0), and immersion in artificial saliva (pH=7.0) between these events. These specimens were also examined with cross-sectional microhardness, digital light microscopy and FE-SEM (field emission scanning electron microscope), and demonstrated the remineralization model effected changes in subsurface microstructure. X-ray diffraction data from WAXD and SAXS were collected on enamel slab cross-sections extending from 0 μm to 150 μm, in 6 μm microbeam increments. A primary outcome of this observational study was that simultaneous WAXD and SAXS measurements were able to resolve significant differences (ANOVA, Student’s t-test, p<0.05) between the effects of the two fluoride-containing dentifrices on subsurface lesion microstructure. In particular, enamel lesions treated with 1.1% NaF dentifrice group manifested an abundance of nanometer-sized crystallites, while treatment with the 0.21% NaF dentifrice produced larger apatite-like crystals. While the presence of fluoride in both cases promoted regularity in crystal size and orientation, this was not observed for lesions treated without fluoride. Altogether, our observations demonstrate the pathological processes for remineralization are markedly influenced by the presence and concentration of fluoride, the microstructural characteristics of which can be distinguished using the simultaneous WAXD and SAXS technique.

Keywords: Synchrotron Radiation. WAXD. SAXS. Remineralization. Fluoride. Calcium and Phosphate. Subsurface Lesion. Enamel
Principles of Soft Tissue Management in Dental Implants

Principles of Soft Tissue Management in Dental Implants

Authors: Xiao-Quan Mao
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the impact of soft tissue factors in dental implants. Data: Studies evaluating the role of soft tissues in dental implants were included in this review. Sources: A comprehensive literature search of English and Chinese language articles was performed via electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI and VIP) using the appropriate key words(esthetic; evaluation; impact factor; soft tissue). The most recent search took place in January 2016. Study selection: Potentially appropriate articles were identified and evaluated for eligibility through a predefined review process conducted by two examiners. Only 16 out of the 346 identified records met criteria and were included in the final analysis. Conclusion: The success of dental implants depends on two outcomes, the functional utility of the implant and its beauty. During the early phase of treatment, the main objective of a dental implant is to achieve adequate function. In clinical practice, however, subsequent soft tissue retraction and implant exposure have a significantly negative impact on implant esthetics, especially in young women’s teeth, which can also be considered as implant failure. It is particularly important to understand how to support the surrounding soft tissue so that it is esthetically pleasing.

Keywords: Esthetic.Evaluation. Impact factor. Soft tissue
Friction Between Metallic Brackets Before and After Clinical Use: A Comparative Study

Friction Between Metallic Brackets Before and After Clinical Use: A Comparative Study

Authors: Marcelo Azenha
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 2
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Abstract

The friction is a factor that can result on changes in efficacy of sliding orthodontic mechanics. Different factors can impact on the friction force: the composition and properties of orthodontic wires and brackets, the cleaning of orthodontic braces, and even saliva. This study aimed to evaluate the friction in two brands before and after use in the oral environment. Ten patients from the orthopedic clinic of the Master’s of Dentistry, with two premolars bonded of each patient. The patients were divided, according with total number of brackets (n= 40): 2 control groups - without exposure to the buccal medium - (G1 and G2) and 2 experimental groups - with exposure to the buccal medium - (G3 and G4). The brackets were testes on a friction machine and evaluated in a two-way ANOVA test. It was observed that the brand used in groups G2 and G4 presented greater friction with the orthodontic wire and the G2 group brackets presented similar frictional force to G3, which had already been exposed to clinical use. Brazilian brackets brands presented an increased friction after clinical use.

Keywords: Metallic Brackets. Orthodontics
Adhesive Luting in Ceramic Inlays and Porcelain Laminate Veneers

Adhesive Luting in Ceramic Inlays and Porcelain Laminate Veneers

Authors: Ahmed Mohamed Elmarakby
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 2
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Abstract

Ceramic inlays, composite inlay-onlays and porcelain or zircon laminate veneers relay to a great extent on the acceptable clinical performance of adhesive luting as it considered the weakest point of the indirect restoration. Although most authors augment the opinion that bonding to enamel is more predictable and has better bond strength than bonding to dentin substrate, but it cannot completely depend on good enamel bond as a process of success of luting adhesive. An additional dentin bond is important not only for improvement the over-all bond strength but also to decrease postoperative hypersensitivities .

Keywords: Ceramic inlays. Hypersensitivity. Enamel
Oral Cancer Awareness among Auxiliary Personnel of Dental College in Bhopal City, India

Oral Cancer Awareness among Auxiliary Personnel of Dental College in Bhopal City, India

Authors: Binu Santha
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 2
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Abstract

Background: Oral cancer prevalence is high globally. Dental auxiliary staff who work aside the dentist is the first to come in contact with service seeker. Hence awareness regarding oral cancer in consequences is an essential modality in these personnel’s. Methodology: This study was conducted to evaluate the awareness among dental auxiliary staff about oral cancer of two dental colleges of Bhopal city. Sampling frame included the dental auxiliary staff from the two dental colleges. A structured questionnaire was used for collection of data. The collected data were coded, and a statistical analysis was carried out by using Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS 20). Result: In this study, it was observed 52% females were aware of examining patients mouth during admission. 50% Females advice to examined tissues of cheek, tongue and palate while assessing oral cancer. 52.1% females opinion of risk factor for oral cancer would be tobacco chewing, tobacco smoking, having alcohol and spicy food. Conclusion: The study conducted among dental auxiliary staff to assess the awareness regarding oral cancer which will help in early diagnosis of disease and prevent any further complication.

Keywords: Oral cancer. Dental auxiliaries. Risk factors. Oral cavity. Dental colleges. Knowledge
True Hemifacial Hyperplasia-Clinical Presentations and Treatment Options

True Hemifacial Hyperplasia-Clinical Presentations and Treatment Options

Authors: Anuna Laila Mathew
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 2
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Abstract

Congenital hemifacial hyperplasia (CHFH) is a rare congenital malformation characterized by marked unilateral overdevelopment of the hard and soft tissues of the head and face region. The exact etiology is not clear; it is usually evident at birth and increases with age , mostly till puberty. In some cases multiple systems are involved. Treatment is usually indicated in cases where esthetics is a concern. A 6 year old female reported to theDepartment of Oral Medicine and Radiology with the features of congenital hemifacial hyperplasia , we are making an attempt to present a rare case of CHFH in order to highlight the clinical manifestations and treatment options.

Keywords: Asymmetry . H emifacial hyperplasia . H ypertrophy . C ongenital .
The Importance of Preserving the Primary Teeth before the Permanent Teeth Eruption

The Importance of Preserving the Primary Teeth before the Permanent Teeth Eruption

Authors: Mohammad Karimi
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 2
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Abstract

One of the important factors of referring children to dentistry is c in the primary teeth. It is commonplace to see moments of anxiety for both the child and their parents when a tooth decays happen. It should be noted that the thickness of enamel in children is little, which is one of the factors that affect dental caries to develop more easily. In order to prevent the dental decay of primary teeth, there are several ways in which a dentist can present in order to guide the child and their parents into the right preventive path.

Keywords: Permanent Teeth Eruption. Primary Teeth. oral hygiene. fluoride therapy

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