International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research

International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research

Basic info

  • Publisher: CASRP Publishing Company
  • Country of publisher: iran, islamic republic of
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/15

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Biological Sciences, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Anatomy, Physiology
  • Publisher's keywords: Anatomy, Biochemistry, Biological Sciences, Cell biology, Clinical Sciences, Comparative Physiology
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF, XML

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2013
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '754' articles

Affect of different ages of second stage juveniles of Meloidogyne chitwoodi on the attachment of Pasteuria penetrans to the cuticle of nematode

Affect of different ages of second stage juveniles of Meloidogyne chitwoodi on the attachment of Pasteuria penetrans to the cuticle of nematode

Authors: Farnaz Fekrat| Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jiroft, Jiroft, Iran, Corresponding Author E-mail: [email protected]
( 30 downloads)
Abstract

Pasteuria penetrans is a bacterial parasite of some plant parasite of nematodes which can attach to the cuticle of nematode. Differences in attachment of P. penetrans spores to the second stag juvenile (J2) cuticle may provide evidence for nematode cuticle diversity even between different ages of J2s. For investigating this purpose, we studied the effect of different ages of the same population of Meloidogyne chitwoodi second stage juveniles (J2) on the attachment of a specific P. penetrans spores. Each 200 freshly hatched, 7 and 12 day old J2 were exposed to 40000 spores of P. penetrans. The J2s-spores suspension were centrifuged and were examined with a microscope and attached spores were counted. There were significant differences (P<0.05) in spore attachment between fresh M. chitwoodi J2 and 12- day-old J2. Although there were no significant differences between spore attachment using fresh J2 and 7day-old J2, the numbers of spores attached to the 7-day-old J2 were lower than the numbers attaching to the fresh ones. From this study we can suggest that age of J2s can affect on spores attachment and this may help to have a successful management program.

Keywords: Nematode's cuticle, Root knot nematode, Pasteuria penetrans
A short preliminary experimental study on teratogenic effect of methenamine in embryonic model

A short preliminary experimental study on teratogenic effect of methenamine in embryonic model

Authors: Hadi Tavakkoli| Department of Avian Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran, Amin Derakhshanfar| De...
( 31 downloads)
Abstract

Methenamine salts have been traditionally used in the veterinary and human medicine, but its use is sometimes associated with some side effects. Toxicopathological effects of methenamine salt have always been a major concern. There is scantly information available about the lesions of methenamine compound in embryo. The objective of this study was to determine the teratogenic effects of methenamine in the chicken embryo. Fertile chicken eggs were divided into four equal treatment groups, 10 eggs per each, as fallow: group 1: no injected group. Group 2: needle-injected group; the needle was insert into yolk sac without any injection. Group 3: phosphate buffered saline-injected group; whose individuals were injected with phosphate buffered saline solution. Group 4, whose individuals were likewise injected with methenamine at dosage of 30 mg/egg at day 4 of incubation. The teratogenic effect of methenamine was revealed as cyst formation instead of abdominal and thoracic body structures. Not recognizable organ was existed in abdominal/thoracic cyst. The normal brain tissue was replaced by large cavity with rim of nervous tissue. The feather formation was also defected. Based on these findings, it is concluded that methenamine at above-mentioned concentration are teratogenic for the chicken embryo. Current study also advises caution in the extended use of methenamine compounds. Further studies are needed to clarify the teratogenic effects of this drug on the development of human fetus.

Keywords: Chicken, Egg, Embryo, Teratogenic effect, Methenamine
Effective of Sick Building Syndrome on Irritation of the Eyes and Asthma

Effective of Sick Building Syndrome on Irritation of the Eyes and Asthma

Authors: Maryam Naimi| Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
( 32 downloads)
Abstract

In this research, we investigated basic symptoms of syndrome in illnesses of sick buildings. We designed a questionnaire and asked from male of dormitory residence. Questions of the questionnaire were more about known symptoms of buildings (Shortness of breath, inflammation, swelling and burning eyes, runny nose, malaise and fatigue, drowsiness, headache) exacerbations time intervals in the residence (6 am-2pm; 2pm-10pm and 10pm-6am) Equipment and devices that people deal with it in at least 10% ( Personal computer, copier, printer, gas cookers) and the most symptoms of creating sick building syndrome (Lack of ventilation, proximity to street noise, high humidity, contaminated materials, pollution sources also most of places of syndromes (corridors, rooms, Toilets, kitchen, upper class, almost everywhere).

Keywords: null
The Effects of Fermacto, Bactocell and Biostrong in Antibiotic-free Diets on the Performance of Broilers

The Effects of Fermacto, Bactocell and Biostrong in Antibiotic-free Diets on the Performance of Broilers

Authors: Morteza Beiki| Agriculture and natural resources research center, Qom, IRAN, Nematollah Dayyani| lecturer of Payam Noor University, Faculty of Agricul...
( 30 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of three antibiotic alternatives with a control (Antibioticfree) and an antibiotic diet on performance and gut morphology of broilers reared on litter. 600 day-old ROSS-308 chicks were assigned to 48 pens in a CRD design with 6 × 2 factorial arrangements, in which 2 levels of chick density (5 and 7.5 chicks/m2) and 6 experimental diets (control, virginiamycin, fermacto, bactocell, biostrong and biostrong matrix-value formulated or biostrong-MV) were used. Higher chick density increased starter feed intake and decreased grower feed conversion ratio (FCR) significantly (p<0.05). Average daily gains (ADG) were not different among experimental diets except biostrong-MV that was the least. FCR of different diets were equal, both in starter and grower period. Performance traits didn't influenced by Diet × density interaction. Relative weight of digestive organs, especially jejunum, in antibiotic diets were lesser than other diets (P<0.05). The length per gram of jejunum resulted from experimental diets were similar, and so for ileum except that of fermacto that was significantly lesser than biostrong (p<0.05). The result of current experiment (winter and corn-soybean based diets) had shown that antibiotic alternatives not only didn’t have an effect similar to antibiotic but also to control diet. Furthermore matrix-value method of diet formulation with biostrong lessened chick performance.

Keywords: Bactocell, Biostrong, Broiler, Fermacto, Virginiamycin
Effect of Salinity Stress on Germination in Lycopersicon esculentum L. var Cal-ji

Effect of Salinity Stress on Germination in Lycopersicon esculentum L. var Cal-ji

Authors: Ali Salehi Sardoei| Young Researchers and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, Branch Jiroft, Jiroft, Iran Corresponding Author E-mail: alisalehisardo...
( 30 downloads)
Abstract

The response of tomato genotype Cal-ji against five salinity levels (distilled water as control, 25, 50, 75 and 100 mM) were studied at germination and early seedling stages. An experiment with conducted by using a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. Shoot and root length, shoot and root fresh weight, seed vigor, mean germination time, germination percentage and rate measured 14 days after germination. Results of data analysis showed that, there were significant differences between salinity stress levels for all investigated traits except mean germination time. Results of data analysis showed that, that the maximum germination percentage during the test was related to the control treatment (Distilled water), and 25 mM. maximum germination percentage at day 14, with an average of 98.76 and 96.57%, were related to the Distilled water and 25 mM treatments. The maximum root length, at day 14 of the test, was from the 25 mM treatment, which did not show a significant statistical difference with the observer treatment. In the entire measured traits, we achieved better results from the control (Distilled water) and 25 mM treatments, in comparison to the 50 mM density, which indicates that the Cal ji tomato genotype could grow properly in low-saline conditions, but this growth faces an extremely significant decrease with the increased salt densities.

Keywords: Germination, Seed vigor, Salinity Stress, Tomato
The Allopathic Effects of Cyperus Rotundus Extract on the Germination of Lycopersicon esculentum L. var Chef Flat

The Allopathic Effects of Cyperus Rotundus Extract on the Germination of Lycopersicon esculentum L. var Chef Flat

Authors: Ali Salehi Sardoei| Young Researchers and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, Jiroft Branch, Jiroft, Iran, Corresponding Author E-mail: alisalehisard...
( 31 downloads)
Abstract

This experiment was conducted to determine allopathic effects of Cyperus rotundus extracts on the tomato germination. It was a completely randomized design (CRD) with four replications, carried out in the laboratory of the Agricultural College of University Jiroft during 2011. The various test treatments were extracts of Cyperus rotundus taken from aerial organs, root, and combinations of both plant parts, at densities of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 percent. Experimental units were Petri dishes in depths and diameters of 3 and 9 cm, respectively. The shoot and root length, shoot and root fresh weight, germination percentage and rate was measured. The use of the cyperus extract reduced the germination, and it significantly decreased by increasing its in density, such that at the 75% and 100% densities, germination was terminated. Based on the test results, it could be said that the cyperus extract has a severe inhibitory effect on the tomato germination. With time passing, the germination speed decreased over the measurement period, and reached its minimum at day 14. The maximum fresh weight of the root and shoot were achieved from the control treatment (no extract).

Keywords: Allopathy, Tomato, Germination, Weed
Comparison of leaf components of sweet orange and sour orange (Citrus sp.)

Comparison of leaf components of sweet orange and sour orange (Citrus sp.)

Authors: Behzad Babazadeh Darjazi| Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University (I A U), Roudehen, Iran
( 32 downloads)
Abstract

Studies had shown that oxygenated compounds were important in food products. It seems that Citrus species had a profound influence on this factor. The goal of the present study was to investigate on flavor components of two Citrus species. In the early week of June 2012, about 500 g of leaves were collected from many parts of the same trees. Leaf components were extracted using water distillation method and then analyzed using GC and GC-MS. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Duncan’s multiple range tests. The amount of oxygenated compounds ranged from 29.14% to 85.64%. Between two species examined, sour orange showed the highest content of oxygenated compounds. As a result of our study, can be concluded that the species used can influence the quantity of oxygenated compounds present in the oil.

Keywords: Citrus species, Water-distillation, Flavor components, leaf oil
Interaction Effect of Salicylic Acid and Putrescine on Vase life of Cut Narcissus Flowers

Interaction Effect of Salicylic Acid and Putrescine on Vase life of Cut Narcissus Flowers

Authors: Ali Salehi Sardoei| Young Researchers and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, Jiroft Branch, Jiroft, Iran, Corresponding Author E-mail: alisalehisard...
( 32 downloads)
Abstract

The effects of salicylic acid (SA) and Putrescine (Put), on cut Narcissus was studied. SA (0, 100 and 200 mg l-1) and Put (0, 150 and 300 mg l-1), their combinations were tested as preservative mixture. This study was conducted in a factorial experiment with complete randomized design on 108 Narcissus cut flowers in horticulture laboratory of agriculture faculty of Islamic Azad University, jiroft branch. The recorded traits included Vase life, Microbial Count, Fresh weight changes and Solution uptake. the results shown using SA and PUT as a preservative significantly increased the vase life, Fresh weight changes, Microbial Count and Solution uptake (P≤5%). The results showed that salicylic acid and Putrescine treatments increased cut flower vase life, while descreased the Microbial Count with total delay of senescence. Maximum flower vase life was recorded in SA 100 mgl-1+PU 100 mgl-1 treatments. A direct relationship between vase life and, increasing of Fresh weight changes and water uptake was observed as well.

Keywords: Cut flowers, Fresh weight changes, Narcissus, Vase life
Effect of plant density and nitrogen fertilizer on some attribute ofgrain sorghum (sorghum bicolor (l.) moench)

Effect of plant density and nitrogen fertilizer on some attribute ofgrain sorghum (sorghum bicolor (l.) moench)

Authors: Narges Zand| M.Sc in Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran Corresponding Author E-mail: [email protected], Mohamma...
( 33 downloads)
Abstract

A field experiment was conducted in 2010, to evaluate the effects of plant density (D1, D2 and D3: 8, 14 and 20 plant/m2) on field performance of Sorghum under different nitrogen application rates (N1, N2 and N3: application of 40, 80 and 120 kg/ha Nitrogen, respectively). The experiment was arranged as factorial based on randomized complete block design in three replicates. Results indicated that as plant density increased tillers per plant, Steam diameter and days to 50% flowering decreased, the effects of N application rate on these traits were not significant. While tillers per unit of area increased as more plant density. Plant height not affected by both treatments. As plant density and N application rates raised grain yield increased. Thus, N application and plant density increases can raise yield of grain sorghum.

Keywords: Plant density, nitrogen, grain yield, Sorghum
Effect of FE foliar application on morphological and physiological traits of different dryland wheat cultivars

Effect of FE foliar application on morphological and physiological traits of different dryland wheat cultivars

Authors: Bijan Kahrariyan| Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Azad Islamic Miandoab, Iran, Farhood Yeganehpoor| Ph.D. Student in Agrono...
( 32 downloads)
Abstract

A Split plot experiment based on randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications was conducted in 2012,Treatments were included the time of foliar application with 3 levels (tillering stage, heading stage and no spray (control)) as main factor and cultivars in 4 levels (Sardari, Rijav, Biseton and Rashid) as the second factor. Plant characteristics such as plant height, length of the peduncle, length of stamen, diameter of node, the number of node, and spike of length Fe and leaf area index were considered. Results showed that the time of Fe foliar application had a significant effect on studying traits. With respect to Duncan's Multiple Range test, mean comparison results revealed that the Fe foliar application at tillering stage and treatment control (no application) had the greatest and the least effect on traits respectively. Also there was significantly different among cultivars, as among cultivars the maximum and minimum mean of traits was obtained for Rijav and Rashid respectively. The interaction of foliar application × cultivar for plant height and leaf area index was also significant. Highest the wheat height and LAI were observed at foliar application in tillering with Rijav cultivar and the lowest means to control with the Rashid it can be concluded that the most suitable application of Fe solution for improvement morphological and physiological properties of different dry land wheat cultivars (in the same climate condition) was tillering stage, since more impression of Fe was observed in early growth stages.

Keywords: Fe foliar application, Leaf area index and Rijav cultivar
Plant species diversity in Gonabad

Plant species diversity in Gonabad

Authors: Alireza Ekrami| Department of Biology, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

Gonabad located at Khorasan Razavi and coordinates 580 30’ N 34o 35’ E. The highest point of the zone belongs to Peak of Siah Mountain (height of 2,863 meters above sea level) and the lowest place has height of 810 meters above sea level, which is located in North West in salt desert. The mean temperature of the warmest and coldest of year is 29.3 and 3.9 respectively. Moreover, mean of rainfall is 142.4 Millimeters. In current research, we studied in Gnabad’s zone in Khorasan province. In Gonabd’s zone growth 210 species and subspecies belonging to 131 genera and 34-plant family.

Keywords: Flourine, Gonabad, Khorasan Province, Plant Species
An analysis of energy use, CO2 emissions and relation between energy inputs and yield of hazelnut production in Guilan province of Iran

An analysis of energy use, CO2 emissions and relation between energy inputs and yield of hazelnut production in Guilan province of Iran

Authors: Ashkan Nabavi-Pelesaraei| Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Iran, Ahmad Sadeghzadeh| Te...
( 30 downloads)
Abstract

The objectives of this research were to investigate influences of energy inputs and energy forms on output levels and evaluation of CO2 emissions for hazelnut production in Guilan province of Iran. Moreover, the sensitivity analysis was done by marginal physical productivity (MPP) method for energy inputs and energy using linear regression. Initial data were collected from 120 orchardists in September and October 2012. The total energy of 2862.62 MJ ha-1 was calculated for gardening in one year. The results of energy forms analysis revealed the share of non-renewable and indirect energy was more than renewable and direct energy, significantly. The ratio of energy output to energy input was approximately 3.93. Total CO2 emissions of hazelnut production was calculated as 77.66 kgCO2eq. ha-1. Also, the diesel fuel had the highest share of emissions among all inputs with 33.84%. Econometric model estimation indicated that the impact of human labor, machinery, diesel fuel and pesticides energy inputs were significantly positive on hazelnut yield. The sensitivity analysis was presented that the marginal physical productivity (MPP) value of pesticides, farmyard manure and diesel fuel energy were the highest with 9.43 and -4.86 and 0.97, respectively. In energy forms econometric models, impact of direct, indirect and renewable energies were significantly. Furthermore, direct and renewable energies was the most sensitive groups in energy forms with MPP value of 0.98 and 1.19, respectively.

Keywords: Energy consumption, Hazelnut production, CO2 emissions, Cobb-Douglass function, Sensitivity analysis
Temperature effect on swelling properties of commercial polyacrylic acid hydrogel beads

Temperature effect on swelling properties of commercial polyacrylic acid hydrogel beads

Authors: Dr. Ahmed. M. Saeed.| Dept. of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Wasit, Wasit, Iraq
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

Due to the fact that many application processes take place at different temperature, better examining and understanding of swelling properties as a function of temperature is essential for such application. The temperature effect on the swelling properties of commercial polyacrylic acid (PAA) hydrogel beads was investigated as a function of time and temperature. Gel bead size, swelling equilibrium capacity, diameter, weight, water retention, swelling ratio, welling degree and fractional hydration were studied to investigate the swelling properties of hydrogel bead at a given temperature. Diffusion type and its related parameters were studied and calculated. The kinetic model was applied on experimental data using second order model, the kinetic parameters were calculated. The maximum swelling ratio was calculated as 233.7 at 40 ËšC. In experiment of the swelling non- Fickian diffusion was found.

Keywords: Swelling properties, temperature effect, polyacrylic acid, commercial hydrogel
Survey of yield and yield components of sunflower cultivars under drought stress

Survey of yield and yield components of sunflower cultivars under drought stress

Authors: Fatmeh Rafiei| Student of MS in Agriculture, University of Azad Islamic Esfahan, Iran Corresponding Author E-mail: [email protected], Mohamad Reza...
( 31 downloads)
Abstract

The experiment was investigated to survey of yield and yield components of sunflower cultivars under drought stress in 2012 in Kabootatabad of Esfahan farm. An experiment was conducted in split plot and was designed in randomized complete block with three replications. Irrigation was as main plots in 3 levels (control (normal irrigation), irrigation of 130 mm evaporation from pan evaporation, irrigation of 180 mm evaporation from pan evaporation) and cultivars as subplots was at 5 levels (Zaria, Hysun 36, Favorit, Lakumka and Master). The results showed that the effect of irrigation regime on biological yield, grain yield and harvest index were significant, so that the maximum and minimum values of these traits were observed in the control and irrigation treatment after 180 mm evaporation from pan respectively. Significant effect were observed amount cultivars in biological yield and oil percentage, so in two traits that the highest biological yield and oil percentage obtained in Favorit cultivar and the lowest was obtained in Zaria cultivar. Also the interaction between stress × cultivar was significant on the grain yield trait and oil percentage, and Hysun 36 cultivar at an irrigation level of 180 and 130 mm evaporation from pan had the highest and lowest yield, respectively. Also Master cultivar had highest seed oil percentage with control and Master cultivar had lowest seed oil percentage of irrigation level of 180 mm evaporation of pan, also a Master cultivar at control showed the highest amount of oil present and Master treatment showed the least amount of seed oil at an irrigation level of 180 mm evaporation from pan least.

Keywords: oil present, stress and Hysun 36 cultivar
Effect of Sick Building Syndrome on fatigue and runny nose

Effect of Sick Building Syndrome on fatigue and runny nose

Authors: Hamid Kasnavi Yazdi| Young Researchers and Elite Club, Torbat-e-heydarieh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Torbat-eheydarieh, Iran, Narjes Safari| You...
( 33 downloads)
Abstract

There have been few longitudinal studies on sick building syndrome (SBS), which include headache, fatigue, and runny nose. We considered effect of sick building syndrome with illnesses like headache, fatigue and runny nose. Thus, we designed a questionnaire and asked from male of dormitory residence. Questions of the questionnaire were more about known symptoms of buildings (headache, fatigue, and runny nose). Following, we divided lifetime to 3 periods (6 am-2pm; 2pm-10pm and 10pm-6am) and our target places for asking questions in the questionnaire were corridors, rooms, Toilets, kitchen, upper class, almost everywhere and results indicated that significant relationship exists between headache, fatigue and runny nose with sick building syndrome. Other things should be mentioned that is some equipment and devices which students use of them like (Personal computer, copier, printer, gas cookers) at least 10% of their time can be effective on prevalence of the symptoms.

Keywords: Fatigue, Sick Building Syndrome, Neurological Signs, WHO

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