The Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Lung Capacity in Active, Previous, and Passive student smokers

The Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Lung Capacity in Active, Previous, and Passive student smokers

Journal

  • Journal title: GMJ Medicine
  • ISSN: 2626-3041 (online)
  • Publisher: GMJ Medical Press, LLC
  • Country of publisher: germany
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2018/Dec/28

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Medicine
  • Publisher's keywords: FEV/FVC, Ex-smokers, Smokers, Non-smokers, Test
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

AUTHORS

    Danil Hammoudi, Adekunle Sanyaolu, Dina Adofo, Ivan Antoine

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

FULL TEXT

To download PDF files Login to your Account.

ABSTRACT

Background: Cigarette smoke predisposes a person to a lot of preventable diseases; this study aimed at comparing Lung Function in active, previous and non-smokers in students using the ratio of Forced Vital Capacity, to Forced Expiratory Volume measurement in one second called the Tiffeneau-Pinelli Index. Methods: A cross-section of 77 students from the St. James School of Medicine, Anguilla campus in the Caribbean who are active smokers, previous smokers or non-smokers were randomly sampled with consent using questionnaire based study and measurement of FEV/FVC ratio was done. Result: The results showed that the mean FEV/FVC ratio for Smokers was lower than that for non-smokers and Ex-smokers in both test 1 and 2. The FEV/FVC ratio by sex was higher in females for both test 1 and 2. There were significant differences among the races with Caucasians having the lowest mean value of 86.04 and 85.88 for test 1 and 2 respectively. Higher ratio of more than 0.7 for smokers, ex-smokers and non-smokers was recorded for mean FEV/FVC ratio. Conclusion: The FEV/FVC ratio was lower in smokers compared to non-smokers and Ex-smokers though not statistically significant.

About Europub

EuroPub is a comprehensive, multipurpose database covering scholarly literature, with indexed records from active, authoritative journals, and indexes articles from journals all over the world. The result is an exhaustive database that assists research in every field. Easy access to a vast database at one place, reduces searching and data reviewing time considerably and helps authors in preparing new articles to a great extent. EuroPub aims at increasing the visibility of open access scholarly journals, thereby promoting their increased usage and impact.