A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE POTENTIAL DRUG INTERACTION BETWEEN ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITOR OR ANGIOTENSIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST AND OTHER DRUGS IN END-STAGE CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE PATIENTS 

Journal Title: International Research Journal of Pharmacy (IRJP) - Year 2012, Vol 3, Issue 10

Abstract

Increasing number of chronic renal failure (CRF) patients had reflected an increase in the number of patients with diabetes and hypertension. Therefore, health practitioners would be faced with management of complicated medical problems for the patients of chronic renal disease. In this way, various complications of chronic renal failure would lead to polypharmacy, where the patients receive three to five drugs in a dose. Development of polypharmacy had made the potential of drug interaction greater. The objective was to determine whether CRF patients admitted to hospital with specific adverse drug reactions were likely to have been prescribed with interacting drugs. Retrospective study was designed. The study was conducted at the General Practice Rooms Floor 1 – Floor VI of Central Army Hospital Gatot Soebroto Jakarta. The study was conducted from December 2011 – February 2012. The data were collected in a retrospective way for a year (January – December 2011). End-stage CRF patients who were having hemodialysis therapy and receiving ACE Inhibitor drugs or Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist (AIIRA) and receiving treatment at the General Practice Rooms at Central Army Hospital Gatot Soebroto Jakarta. During the period of January – December 2011, 84 patients were treated with end-stage CRF at the Central Army Hospital and having routine hemodialysis and 44 patients were receiving therapy with ACE Inhibitor and AIIRA. Other drugs simultaneously given with ACE Inhibitor and AIIRA were captopril-spironolactone, captopril-aspirin, captopril-allopurinol, captopril-KSR, captopril-furosemide, lisinopril-furosemide and valsartan-mefenemic acid. An increase in adverse effects of the drugs was found based on the clinical evaluation and laboratory examination. The adverse effects included hyperkalemia (9,09%), decrease in anti-hypertension effect (6,8%), acute hypotension (40%), and declining renal function (11,36%). The study identifies drug interaction in end-stage CRF patients who received ACE Inhibitor or AIIRA. This study highlights the need for screening prescriptions of for pDDIs and proactive monitoring of patients who have identified risk factors; this helps in detection and prevention of possible adverse drug interactions. 

Authors and Affiliations

Iskandar Honey , Uun Wahyudi , Hersunaryati Yetti , Syamsudin

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP119869
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How To Cite

Iskandar Honey, Uun Wahyudi, Hersunaryati Yetti, Syamsudin (2012). A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE POTENTIAL DRUG INTERACTION BETWEEN ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITOR OR ANGIOTENSIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST AND OTHER DRUGS IN END-STAGE CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE PATIENTS . International Research Journal of Pharmacy (IRJP), 3(10), 86-89. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-119869