A study of the probable risk factors for meconium aspiration syndrome

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2017, Vol 3, Issue 1

Abstract

Background: Meconium is the first intestinal discharge of a newborn which is composed of intestinal secretions such as bile, desquamated skin, lanugo, mucus and intestinal epithelial cells; which is greenish, thick and viscous formed during the 3rd week of intrauterine life. Aims and Objectives: To study the probable risk factors for meconium aspiration syndrome Methodology: This prospective study was conducted in NICU of department of Paediatrics of tertiary care centre from 1st January 2015 to 30th June 2016. Total 152 neonates meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria constituted the material for this study. Detailed history and clinical findings were recorded in the predesigned proforma. The data was collected on proforma and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The statistical software namely Open epi-info was used for the analysis of the data and Microsoft Word and Excel have been used to generate graphs and tables etc. Result: It was found that there was no association between the sex of the babies and the MAS or asymptomatic MSAF. The majority of the patients were full term i.e. Gestational age (wk.) > 37 were 99%. The majority of the patients were born to Primigravida mothers (66%). Among the all 152 neonates studied, anemia 38 (25%) was the most frequent perinatal risk factor followed by fetal distress 27 (18) and PIH 21 (14%).It was found that there was a significant association between thick MSAF and the development of MAS (P-value=35.68, X2=<0.001HS) Conclusion: It can be concluded from our study that the majority of the patients were full term i.e. Gestational age (wk.) > 37 were, born to Primi mothers and also anemia was the most frequent perinatal risk factor followed by fetal distress and PIH. It was found that there was a significant association between thick MSAF and the development of MAS

Authors and Affiliations

Deepa Sachin Phirke, Bhavesh Shah, Defairlin Ranee

Keywords

Related Articles

Study of maternal attributes of neonatal respiratory distress in NICU

Background: The very first breaths of a newborn are distressed, but within minutes the respiration settles and becomes regular. There are many factors which can affect this transition from dependant fetal respiration to...

Outcome of surfactant therapy in neonates with respiratory distress

Background:Respiratory Distress is the most common presenting complaints and remains a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Objectives:This study was conducted to evaluate the effect andtheoutcome...

Pattern of causes of traumatic brain injury in children in a tertiary care center

Aim: The epidemiology of head injuries varies in different parts of the world. Studies done all over suggest, falls as the most common whereas some have reported road traffic accidents (RTA) as the most common. The aim o...

A study on outcomes of ventilator associated pneumonia in children in a tertiary care hospital

Basing the diagnosis of VAP on new or changing Pulmonary infiltrate on CXR and one clinical feature of hospital acquired pneumonia has a good sensitivity but poor specificity. Increasing the number or criteria required i...

Clinical profile and referral pattern among children with congenital heart disease (CHD) before and after introduction of the RBSK scheme

Background: Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) is the most common congenital malformation among children, often requiring intervention for survival. The nature of the defect, availability of optimum intervention at the right...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP260341
  • DOI -
  • Views 99
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Deepa Sachin Phirke, Bhavesh Shah, Defairlin Ranee (2017). A study of the probable risk factors for meconium aspiration syndrome. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 3(1), 12-15. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-260341