A study on effect of nutritional variables in children with iron deficiency anemia in south Indian population

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2019, Vol 9, Issue 1

Abstract

Background:Iron Deficiency (ID) is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in the world. The prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) is about 9% in toddlers, 9-11% in adolescent girls and less than 1% in teenage boys. IDA presents when there is not sufficient iron for haemoglobin synthesis. In particular it has negative effects on the behavior, cognitive performance, immune system and physical growth of infants, preschool and school age children.Material and Methods:Blood samples of 337 randomly selected children (6-59 months) visited to Pediatrics OP at MIMS Hospital, were taken in the study. Serum ferritin, Complete Blood Cell (CBC) and hematological indices were measured.Results:In this study (61.1%) of the children had serum ferritin less than 12mcg/dl. Prevalence of IDA were (29.1 %). The results showed that most children with IDA were at (12-23) months. Families with more than 6 children had (4.49) times greater chance of IDA. The mean of breast-feeding in non-IDA children was higher than IDA children (17.6 and 16.3 months respectively, P>0.05). In this study families who gave tea to their children for (1-11) months had the highest prevalence of IDA.Conclusion:There are several main risk factors for ID and IDA in the children. Parent's illiteracy, family income and using cow's milk before 12 months are among most important risk factors for iron deficiency for children

Authors and Affiliations

Balaji Bhusan Patnaik, Chandradev Varma

Keywords

Related Articles

A study various endoscopic findings of patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre

Background: Gastrointestinal diseases are an important healthcare problem worldwide, especially in pediatric age group Aims and Objectives: to Study various Endoscopic findings of patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy a...

Correlation of serum bilirubin level by transcutaneous blood and conventional blood sample

Background:Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is a known, treatable risk factor for bilirubin encephalopathy, and is detectable by several methods. Universal pre-discharge newborn screening for hyperbilirubinemia has been propo...

A rare case of Pyruvate Kinase deficiency

A 7 months old female child brought to us with complaints of abdominal distention and increased pallor since one month. Child also had failure to thrive and developmental delay. On examination, had severe pallor with hep...

A clinico - pathological correlation of patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever at tertiary health care center

Background: Dengue fever is an infectious disease which is difficult to distinguish from other viruses as there are no specific markers that can diagnose the disease early. Aims and Objectives: To Study Clinico- Patholog...

Prevalence of obesity and overweight in school going children between 6 years to 16 years of age

Background: Obesity is nothing but excess accumulation of fat in subcutaneous tissue and other parts of organs. Asians are more vulnerable to the adverse effects of obesity because Asians have 3 to 5% higher body fat whi...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP443837
  • DOI 10.26611/1014914
  • Views 99
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Balaji Bhusan Patnaik, Chandradev Varma (2019). A study on effect of nutritional variables in children with iron deficiency anemia in south Indian population. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 9(1), 13-15. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-443837