Effect of cigarette smoking on bone mineral density and mass of bone tissue in males

Journal Title: Medycyna Ogólna i Nauki o Zdrowiu - Year 2014, Vol 20, Issue 4


[b]Introduction and objective[/b]. According to the studies conducted within the Programme for Control of Tobacco Smoking Consequences in Poland in 2011, a slight, however, systematic increase in the number of tobacco smokers may be observed. Nearly every third Pole aged 15 and over admits to habitual tobacco smoking. The objective of the study was indication of the relationship between forearm bone mineral density and bone tissue mass, and the attitude towards tobacco smoking among males. In addition, the effect of such characteristics as age and body mass index on the mineralization of bone tissue was examined. [b]Material and methods[/b]. The study was conducted in a group of 107 males, mean age 32.8, living in Warsaw. In the group analyzed, radial bone mineral density and bone tissue mass was assessed using the DXA method. Also, basic anthropometric measurements were performed. The respondents’ attitudes towards tobacco smoking were analyzed by the survey method, using the GATS questionnaire. [b]Results[/b]. Based on the T- score, a better mineralization of bone tissue was noted among non-smoking males. A more favourable value of the reference T-score with respect to the peak bone mass was confirmed in the population of young, healthy males with an elevated body weight. The highest BMD value was found in males who were never-smokers, especially in the proximal part, compared to those who smoked more than 15 cigarettes daily. [b]CONCLUSIONS.[/b] Considering the presence of lowered bone mineral density among smoking males, it is recommended to carry out screening tests, as well undertake actions aimed at the dissemination of information concerning the effects of tobacco-related diseases, including osteopenia and osteoporosis.

Authors and Affiliations

ANNA KOPICZKO, Joanna Cieplińska


Related Articles

Water as a potential source of human and animal infection with protozoa of the genera [i]Cryptosporidium [/i]and[i] Giardia[/i]

Protozoa of the genera [i]Cryptosporidium and Giardia[/i] are human and animal intestinal parasites. These cosmopolitan parasites, which occur worldwide, play an important role in the spread of waterborne diseases. They...

Knowledge of women concerning breast cancer prevention in selected socio-demographic conditions

[b]Introduction. [/b]Breast cancer is one of the most common, among women, oncological diseases and constitutes a serious health and social problem in Poland. Knowledge of methods concerning its early detection, risk fac...

Odmienność metodologiczna badań nad medycznymi produktami roślinnymi – z perspektywy zaleceń WHO

[b]Wstęp[/b]. Na całym świecie są prowadzone badania naukowe nad medycznymi produktami roślinnymi, w tym randomizowane badania kliniczne. W dobie evidencebasedmedicine jakość i standaryzacja badań jest wciąż podnoszona n...

A typical hemolytic uremic syndrome – case report

Introduction. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and acute renal failure. HUS is the most common cause of acute renal failure among children. HUS can be divided into ty...

Working time of children in rural families – evaluation based on various methods

Introduction. In social studies there occurs a risk of obtaining poorly reliable results due to the application of inadequate research instruments, or their incorrect design. Studies of the time budget of selected popul...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP58419
  • DOI -
  • Views 113
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

ANNA KOPICZKO, Joanna Cieplińska (2014). Effect of cigarette smoking on bone mineral density and mass of bone tissue in males. Medycyna Ogólna i Nauki o Zdrowiu, 20(4), 449-452. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-58419