Evaluation of the Coagulation and Flocculation Process Using Plantago major L. Seed Extract as a Natural Coagulant in Treating Paper and Paperboard Industry Wastewater

Journal Title: Journal of Environmental Health and Sustainable Development - Year 2018, Vol 3, Issue 2

Abstract

Introduction: Paper and paperboard industry wastewater has potentially damaging effects on the ecosystem of the receiving environments due to the presence of toxic compounds. As a result, the treatment of such wastewater is necessary prior to discharge into the environment. In this study, the potential of Plantago major L. seed extract as a natural coagulant in treating paper and paperboard industry wastewater was investigated. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study that was carried out in vitro, the effects of the pH (5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11) of the solution and different doses (0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2 and 0.25 g/L) of coagulant were studied. At each step of optimization turbidity, TSS and COD were measured according to the methods presented in the books on water and wastewater testing standards. Results: Optimal pH for removal of turbidity, TSS and COD using Plantago major L. seed extract was determined 10, with the removal efficiency of 60%, 76% and 36%, respectively. The optimal dose of coagulant was obtained 0.1 g/L, with the maximum efficiency of 80%, 87% and 37.7% for turbidity, TSS and COD, respectively. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, Plantago major L. seed extract can be used as a natural coagulant without causing environmental risks.

Authors and Affiliations

Tahereh Zarei Mahmoudabadi, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush, Hoseein Yousofi, Parvaneh Talebi

Keywords

Related Articles

Indoor Aerosols: A Serious Threat for Human Health

An air pollutant includes the form of gas or aerosol that may be available as solid, liquid, radioactive and bioaerosol. Air pollution has affected all urban areas in devolving countries(1). It has been estimated that...

Determination of Aflatoxin M1 in Pasteurized and Traditional Milk in Hamadan Province, Iran

Introduction: Milk is one of the most complete food products that is effective in reducing blood pressure and increasing its beneficial fats, preventing colon cancer and osteoporosis, and providing many nutrients, such a...

Apprise of Used Electrical and Electronic Equipment in Residential Houses of Citizens of Yazd City and Determination of Their Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Electronic and Electrical Waste Management

Introduction: The production of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) has grown rapidly in recent years. It is necessary to determine the amount of them for its effective management. The aim of this study was...

The Effect of UV Light on Increasing the Arsenate Resistance of Acidithiobacillus Ferrooxidans

Introduction: Mutations are the most popular way to increase the efficiency of mineral waste bioleaching. Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans are used as an important microorganism in biohydrometallurgy. Arsenate is one of th...

Spatial Analysis and Probabilistic Risk Assessment of Exposure to Nitrate in Drinking Water of Abarkouh, Iran

Introduction: Several diseases, especially in infants such as some cancer and blue baby are related to the presence of nitrate in drinking water. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) specified the maximum contamina...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP291421
  • DOI -
  • Views 90
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Tahereh Zarei Mahmoudabadi, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush, Hoseein Yousofi, Parvaneh Talebi (2018). Evaluation of the Coagulation and Flocculation Process Using Plantago major L. Seed Extract as a Natural Coagulant in Treating Paper and Paperboard Industry Wastewater. Journal of Environmental Health and Sustainable Development, 3(2), 531-538. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-291421