Evaluation of the Relationship Between Malocclusion and the Periodontal Health, Caries, Socio-economic Status of Children

Journal Title: Meandros Medical and Dental Journal - Year 2019, Vol 20, Issue 1

Abstract

Objective: In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the relationship between malocclusions and various factors such as periodontal treatment needs, dental caries, anterior segment crowding and parental socio-economic status of 12–14 year-old children. Materials and Methods: Classification of malocclusions of 534 patients aged 12-14 years who applied to our clinic in our study was done according to Angle malocclusion classification. Periodontal treatment requirements were assessed using community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN); dental caries were evaluated by decay, missing, filled teeth (DMFT). Statistical analysis was performed in SPSS Statistics Version 12.0 software package. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean DMFT score of the children in the study group was 4.318±3.14. The most common malocclusion was class 1 malocclusion (55.1%). The differences between mean DMFT scores and malocclusion classifications were not statistically significant (p>0.05). According to the CPITN, individuals with healthy periodontal disease (CPITN 0) accounted for 24.9% of patients. It was seen that only 6.4% of the patients without anterior segment crowding had CPITN 2 score. It was observed that the CPITN 0 score decreased as the anterior segment crowding increased. It was found that the correlation between CPITN scores and anterior segment crowding was statistically significant (p<0.05). However, the relationship between malocclusion classifications was not statistically significant (p>0.05). There was no statistically significant relationship between parental socio-economic status and malocclusion classifications of children (p>0.05). Conclusion: In our study, there is no correlation between malocclusions and dental caries. However, it has been observed that the lower anterior segment crowding are detrimental to periodontal health, laying the groundwork for the development of periodontal diseases. Oral health care and early interventions (preventive and preventive programs) are thought to help prevent orthodontic problems that can occur.

Authors and Affiliations

Esra Öz, Çiğdem Küçükeşmen

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP48911
  • DOI 10.4274/meandros.galenos.2018.63835
  • Views 223
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Esra Öz, Çiğdem Küçükeşmen (2019). Evaluation of the Relationship Between Malocclusion and the Periodontal Health, Caries, Socio-economic Status of Children. Meandros Medical and Dental Journal, 20(1), -. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-48911