Modern trends of fat reduction in food from the aspect of healthy human diet

Journal Title: Medycyna Ogólna i Nauki o Zdrowiu - Year 2011, Vol 17, Issue 1

Abstract

Introduction. For many years in the meat processing industry various types of additives and fat surrogates have been applied. Apart from the primary objective, which is the reduction of fat, they also decrease the contents of cholesterol and calorific value, bind water well, due to which they improve the texture of the ready product. The studies conducted were aimed at the examination of the biological purity of fine ground sausages of the frankfurter-type, with the addition of eight various additives performing the role of fat surrogates. The numbers of mesophilic microorganisms, yeast, moulds, and souring bacteria of the lactic acid type were determined.Material and methods. Products designed for the study were obtained according to the standard procedure. As a control group, the additive of soy protein hydrolysate, commonly used in production of this type of products, was adopted. The follow- ing were applied as the remaining surrogates: oat flour, buckwheat flour, corn flour, potato flour, fungal chitosan, carob flour, and durum wheat flour. Studies of microbiological purity were carried out directly after the process, after 2 and 4-week storage at the temperature of 5°C. Microbiological tests were performed according to the Polish standard: PN-A-82055-1 ‘Meat and meat products. Microbiological examinations’.Results. Microbiological purity of the sausages examined for all additives remained within the allowable standard (up to 100).Conclusions. In the case of chitosan and buckwheat flour, the number of microorganisms decreased with prolongation of the period of storage, which is due to the antioxidative properties of the additives examined. Carob flour also showed a similar prop- erty; however, the prolongation of the period of storage to 4 weeks caused a recurrent proliferation of microbes. In the case of the remaining additives, the prolongation of storage time resulted in an increase in the amount of microbes.

Authors and Affiliations

Wioletta Żukiewicz-Sobczak, Paweł Sobczak, Marian Panasiewicz

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP69641
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How To Cite

Wioletta Żukiewicz-Sobczak, Paweł Sobczak, Marian Panasiewicz (2011). Modern trends of fat reduction in food from the aspect of healthy human diet. Medycyna Ogólna i Nauki o Zdrowiu, 17(1), 23-27. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-69641