Study of age at initiation, type and mode of giving complementary feeds in infants aged 6-12 months in urban and rural population

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2018, Vol 8, Issue 2

Abstract

Bckground: According to WHO, Complementary Feeds (CF) should be given timely, adequately and appropriately. The present study was undertaken to find the age at initiation, type and mode of giving CF in 6 -12 months infants in urban and rural population. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at D.Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Out Patient Department.900 literate mothers of infants between 6-12 months of age from urban and rural area were included. Infant’s age, sex, address along with infant feeding practices such as initiation frequency, duration of breast feeding , age at initiation , types(Homemade or commercial) and mode of giving (Katori/wati and spoon or bottle) CF by recall questioning from mothers was obtained. The data was analysed statistically. Results: 900 mothers of infants from the age 6-12 months from 464(51.55%) urban and 436(48.44%) rural population were questioned.512(56.88%) infants received CF at appropriate age, out of which 206(44.4%) urban and 306(70.18%) were from rural which was statistically significant.196(42.24%) infants from urban and 88(20.18%) from rural received CF in between 3-6 months of age.62(13.36%) from urban and 42(9.64%) rural infants received CF in < 3 months.339 (56.65%) infants received homemade preparation as CF out of which 92(19.83%) urban while 247(56.65%) were from rural which was significant. Commercial CF was received by 190(40.94%) urban and 56(12.84%) rural infants. 202(43.53%) urban and 103(23.62%) rural infants were receiving bottle which was significant. Katori/wati and spoon was used by 262(56.47%) urban and 333(76.38%) rural mothers. Conclusion: CF practices were poor both in urban and rural infants. Early start less than 6 months of age, use of commercial preparation and bottle feeds for CF was significantly higher for urban than rural infants. CF education should be given to mothers during immunization visits of infants. Key Words: Complementary Feeding, Infants, Mothers

Authors and Affiliations

Saiprasad Onkareshwar Kavthekar, Devayani Ajit Kulkarni, Anil Bapurao Kurane, Swati Saiprasad Kavthekar

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP469649
  • DOI 10.26611/101483
  • Views 96
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Saiprasad Onkareshwar Kavthekar, Devayani Ajit Kulkarni, Anil Bapurao Kurane, Swati Saiprasad Kavthekar (2018). Study of age at initiation, type and mode of giving complementary feeds in infants aged 6-12 months in urban and rural population. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 8(2), 56-60. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-469649