Study of extra-cardiac anomalies in children with congenital heart diseases

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2018, Vol 8, Issue 3


Background:Congenital heart diseases are frequently associated with other non-cardiac congenital malformations and may require intervention of a surgical or medical care independently from the cardiac problem. For these reasons, it would be worth to discuss the significance and the cost-effectiveness of screening all children with CHD.Aim: To study the pattern of various extra-cardiac malformations in congenital heart disease patient. Material and Methods:A total of 217 children with congenital heart diseases under 14 years were studied for the incidence and pattern of extra cardiac anomalies present in such cases with multiple investigations.Results:Out of the 217 subjects with cardiac anomalies, 87 subjects (40.09%) had VSD, 72 (33.18%) ASD, 48 (22.1%) had PDA and less than 2% had other cardiac anomalies.Out of 217 cases, 29 (13.4%) cases were found to be associated with extra cardiac anomalies. CNS (24.14%), craniofacial (24.14%) and skeletal (24.14%) anomalies were common extra cardiac anomalies. Renal anomalies were present in 6 (20.69%) of cases.Conclusion:Association of extra cardiac anomalies with CHD is important, as it would hence be beneficial to evaluate for these anomalies at an early age for timely management.

Authors and Affiliations

Nagendra Prasad K, Srikrishna S


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  • EP ID EP445043
  • DOI 10.26611/1014831
  • Views 114
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Nagendra Prasad K, Srikrishna S (2018). Study of extra-cardiac anomalies in children with congenital heart diseases. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 8(3), 74-78.