Revista Romana de Geografie Politica

Revista Romana de Geografie Politica

Basic info

  • Publisher: Editura Universitatii din Oradea
  • Country of publisher: romania
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Sep/28

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  • Time from submission to publication: weeks

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  • Year open access content began: 1999
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
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This journal has '36' articles

MADE IN ITALY:
GLOBAL TRENDS AND NEW CHALLENGES

MADE IN ITALY: GLOBAL TRENDS AND NEW CHALLENGES

Authors: FERRARA Graziella
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Abstract

Italian agro-food is the third industry in Europe, after Germany and France. The connection between culture and territory has made the Mediterranean dieta a value for the whole humanity. The relevance of agrofood industry for Italian economy leads us to investigate geographical strategies to promote the ‘Made in Italy’ in the world. We present results of some cases studies of agro-food firms. Our article offers an innovative perspective for promoting Italian agro-food industry in the world. It reinforces the idea that both technological and non-technological innovations have to be realized to support geographical diversification of firms.

Keywords: agriculture, Italy, culture, territory, foreign markets,
DEVELOPMENTS FUNDED BY THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE SERVICE OF URBAN DESIGN IN THE NORTH GREAT PLAIN REGION (HUNGARY)

DEVELOPMENTS FUNDED BY THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE SERVICE OF URBAN DESIGN IN THE NORTH GREAT PLAIN REGION (HUNGARY)

Authors: MONYÓK Bence, KOZMA Gábor
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Abstract

One of the most important elements of place marketing is the creation of an attractive urban landscape which require significant financial resources. For this reason local authorities of Central Europe use regional policy grants from European Union for this purpose. In the light of the above, the aim of this paper is to examine the role of European Union grants in the improvement of the built environment in North Great Plain Region (Hungary), one of the least developed regions of Hungary. In the course of the above, on the one hand, we intend to provide a general overview of the situation in Hajdú-Bihar County, also located in this region, and on the other hand, through the example of a specific settlement, we will also present the processes in detail.

Keywords: urban design, North Great Plain Region, European Union develoment funds,
GEOGRAPHICAL DELOCALIZATION OF ITALIAN FIRMS IN AFRICA

GEOGRAPHICAL DELOCALIZATION OF ITALIAN FIRMS IN AFRICA

Authors: FERRARA Graziella
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Abstract

Political and commercial relations between Italy and North Africa lead us to investigate main geographical, social and cultural interactions. Theempirical analysis of Robbiki Leather Cityallows us to overcome the official sources of information diffusion. Consequently, this study provides an accurate picture of real difficulties and concrete opportunities for geographical delocalization of Italians firms in Africa.

Keywords: Italy, Egypt, Economic-Geography, Culture,
ISLAMIC BANKING IN TURKEY: POPULATION PERCEPTION AND DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES

ISLAMIC BANKING IN TURKEY: POPULATION PERCEPTION AND DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES

Authors: EGRESI István, BELGE Rauf
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Abstract

Islamic banks have, over the last few decades, become very popular in the Gulf countries and in some countries in Southeast Asia with a majority Muslim population. They are on the rise even in some western cities such as London or New York which have witnessed a significant increase in their Muslim population. In this context, it is then surprising to see that in Turkey, a country in which almost 100% of the population is Muslim, the Islamic banking system is still in its incipient stage. This study has investigated the reasons for the underdevelopment of the Islamic banking system in Turkey. We found that, due to the long period of secularism, most Turks separate religion from business and select their bank based on financial advantages, diversity of financial products and quality of service rather than based on the need to adhere to Shari’a principles. Many people also do not trust that these institutions are really Shari’a-compliant and safe. This is partly due to the customers’ lack of understanding of how these banks operate and partly due to the numerous cases of bad practices reported by the media and the academic literature. We conclude that, while their assets and share will most probably increase over the next 10 years it seems very unlikely that Islamic banks will really become a sustainable alternative banking system in Turkey. The Islamic banking system will rather remain an additional or complementary banking system.

Keywords: Islamic banking, participation banks, Turkey, bank selection criteria, attitudes towards Islamic banks,
SMART CITY:  A GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE

SMART CITY: A GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE

Authors: FERRARA Graziella
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Abstract

Smart cities are communities able to support green initiatives able to generate income and employment, and to allow citizens and businesses to benefit from more efficient services. In order to identify the realities that can represent a benchmark for other cities, the article provides an analysis of the actors that affect the birth and the development of smart city. The the article presents an overview of main smart cities of Europe.

Keywords: Geography, Smart city, Geocity,
THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS
 BETWEEN GLOBALIZATION AND REGIONALIZATION.
CASE STUDY: WORLD TOURISM ORGANIZATION

THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS BETWEEN GLOBALIZATION AND REGIONALIZATION. CASE STUDY: WORLD TOURISM ORGANIZATION

Authors: HERMAN GRIGORE VASILE, GRAMA Vasile, STUPARIU Marius I.
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Abstract

The present study aims to analyze to international organizations in order to identify their role in shaping and supporting the concepts of globalization and regionalization respectively. The outlining of structural-functional features, the analysis of the objectives and the spatial-temporal distribution constitute the essential elements for revealing precisely where international organizations are positioned in relation to the aforementioned concepts.

Keywords: globalization, regionalization, international organizations, tourism,
EVOLUTIONS OF THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THE CHANGES
ON THE WORLD POLITICAL MAP IN THE INTERWAR PERIOD

EVOLUTIONS OF THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THE CHANGES ON THE WORLD POLITICAL MAP IN THE INTERWAR PERIOD

Authors: GRAMA Vasile, MAROTI Ştefan, HERMAN GRIGORE VASILE
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Abstract

The use of sports and politics has had both positive and negative implications over history. Sports competitions or activities have had the intention to bring about change in certain cases. Nationalistic fervor is sometimes linked to victories or losses to some sport on sports fields. Also, new independent countries need to be recognized on international arena, so participating at the Olympic Games, they become more visible and marginalization is broken. National feelings are boosted by some of the finest sports performances. The interwar period took politics to the sporting arena; when governments decided to control the sport and politics became more authoritative and states went on to find new ways to dominate the thinking process and imagination of their citizens. Fascist regimes developed techniques that allowed them to use achievements made in sporting arena to inspire people within their geographical boundaries and impress those beyond these boundaries. A fanatic love with sports was developed and through it, symbols of nationalist socialism were entrenched.

Keywords: Olympic Games, nationalism, politics, interwar,
THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF ITALIAN COMPANIES: A GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE

THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF ITALIAN COMPANIES: A GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE

Authors: FERRARA Graziella
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Abstract

In an increasingly globalized economic environment, businesses wishing to operate in foreign markets must be familiar with the cultural context of the host country, its rules and the rules of entry. cultural shock between subjects with very different beliefs and values can lead to costly failures. The culture is therefore one of the key aspects to consider in the internationalization strategies. In fact, if cultural difference is well-managed can lead to innovative business practices and sustainable sources of competitive advantage in the opposite case the failure of the operation with the entire business consequences. In the light of contemporary social events, economic and political, the study of Islamic cultural variable for entry of Italian companies in the countries of the southern Mediterranean is a necessary condition to avoid the bankruptcy of any type of commercial operation and the more of the operations direct investment on site.

Keywords: investment, Egypt, Italian companies,
THE EXPANSION OF THE RITZ-CARLTON®  ON FOREIGN MARKETS

THE EXPANSION OF THE RITZ-CARLTON® ON FOREIGN MARKETS

Authors: DOBAI Mihai-Răzvan
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Abstract

The spreading of globalization drives the companies’ pursuit to expand on foreign markets for various reasons. In this paper it will be analysed the expansion on non-US markets of the Ritz-Carlton®, a hotel company with tradition, being known for its services quality. The analysis takes into consideration the opening year of the hotels in the Latin American, European, Middle Eastern, Central and South Asian and Asia-Pacific market, trying to correlate the expansion on certain areas and locations with the American foreign policy regarding those regions, one of the essential factors being the improvement and development of economic ties which led to an interdependence between the main actors of the current international affairs arena. Under these circumstances, there were created favourable environments for the hotel to expand on foreign markets. Last but not least, by serving international business people conducting their affairs worldwide and contributing in tightening the economic relations among countries, such a hotel chain is indirectly part of the economic and soft power of a country.

Keywords: business tourism, economic power, international tourism, investment,
EUROSCEPTISIM, AN INCREASING PHENOMENON AMONG THE MEMBER STATES. ROAD TO BREXIT

EUROSCEPTISIM, AN INCREASING PHENOMENON AMONG THE MEMBER STATES. ROAD TO BREXIT

Authors: POLGÁR István
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Abstract

In the context of a “shaking Europe”, the Eurosceptic voice sounds more loudly than ever. Known as a highly Eurosceptic member, the United Kingdom, through the lens of the rising political power of the UK Independence Party (UKIP), doubts the European Union’s plan regarding a strong and prosperous Union and it sees itself better off out of the Union after more than 40 years of rather tensed membership. This article tackles the UK’s Euroscepticism in the light of the UK-EU membership referendum in 2016, also known as Brexit.

Keywords: euroscepticism, membership, United Kingdom, Brexit, member states,
TRADITION AND HISTORICAL CONTINUITY OF ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS
IN THE FORMER PROVINCIAL CITIES IN POLAND

TRADITION AND HISTORICAL CONTINUITY OF ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS IN THE FORMER PROVINCIAL CITIES IN POLAND

Authors: SZYMAŃSKA Wioletta
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Abstract

The tradition of the function of an administrative center in terms of historical background on the various territorial divisions is essential for understanding the formation of the culture of the organization and management of the city, for making its development and for creating a sense of civic identity. These factors may condition the socio-economic development and the functioning of the city despite the loss of prestigious positions in certain historical periods. The speech will discuss the historical conditions and the tradition of performing administrative functions according to its rank in the currently degraded provincial cities. Retrospective analysis will address the 31 urban centers, since their formal establishment. The aim of the study is to identify the differences and similarities of the former provincial cities by the time the highest performing administrative functions and administrative functions according to the rank of the center in a historical perspective. Consequently, the attempt is made to identify opportunities for further development of these degraded administratively cities due to the factor of administrative traditions.

Keywords: administrative function, historical rank administratibe functions, relegated cities, Poland,
THE EMERGENCE OF LABOUR FORCE RESILIENCE. A CASE-STUDY: ROMANIA

THE EMERGENCE OF LABOUR FORCE RESILIENCE. A CASE-STUDY: ROMANIA

Authors: ŞERBAN Paul-Răzvan, IANOŞ Ioan, TĂLÂNGĂ Cristian
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Abstract

This study aims at validating a new type of social resilience analysis focused on the interaction of each social and economic component within the social-economic system. We have decided to divide the two general components, namely social and economic, analyze them in their interaction, social resilience meaning social adaptation to the economic dynamics. How do decision-makers act within the system seems, at first glance, coherent and self-evident: the social component targeting a higher living standard and the economic component trying to maximize its profit. But the social-economic system is a complex one, involving underlying relationships between the two components, interactions being difficult to determine. In order to emphasize the links between the social and the economic component we shall resort to the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and the Hierarchical Ascendent Classification (HAC). HAC starts from spatial units, from similarities in the profiles of regions (counties or development regions) seen apriori as groups of variables, while PCA considers each variable distribution and compares it to each other. The data used are grouped by 23 variables: 10 social variables - the resident population, urban population, settling of domicile, departures from the domicile, net settling of domicile, settling of residence, departures from the residence, net settling of residence, emigrants, immigrants; 12 economic variables - employment by national economic activities(agriculture, industry, construction, and trade), economically active population by national economic activities (agriculture, industry, construction, and trade) and the average monthly salary by national economic activities (agriculture, industry, construction, and trade); 1 independent variable - the unemployment rate. The analysis is focused on two territorial levels in Romania: county and development region, over the 1991-2012 period.

Keywords: labour force, resilience, Romania,
FOREIGN INVESTORS FROM EMERGING ECONOMIES: THE GEOGRAPHY OF TURKISH INVESTMENTS IN ROMANIA

FOREIGN INVESTORS FROM EMERGING ECONOMIES: THE GEOGRAPHY OF TURKISH INVESTMENTS IN ROMANIA

Authors: EGRESI István, KARA Fatih
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Abstract

This study investigates the main characteristics and patterns as well as the geographical distribution of Turkish investments in Romania. The study found that Turkish investors came in three different waves, each with its own characteristics and geographical distribution. Most of the Turkish investments were found to concentrate in the southern part of Romania which is closer to Turkey suggesting the importance of geographical and cultural factors in location decision. The study also found that Turkish investments cluster not only in some more developed counties (such as Bucharest or Ilfov) but also in some counties which may qualify among the poorest in Romania.

Keywords: FDI, geographical distribution, internationalization theory,
THE ROLE OF SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC, ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN PERPETUATING THE CONFLICTS IN YEMEN

THE ROLE OF SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC, ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN PERPETUATING THE CONFLICTS IN YEMEN

Authors: POPA Vasile, COCOŞ Octavian
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Abstract

Lying in a strategic region from the economic point of view, on the Bab al-Mandab Straits, the Republic of Yemen is known for its ancient civilization, but also for the political instability affecting the country for several decades. This situation has largely been influenced by the population’s structure and evolution, as well as by the low economic level and the restrictiveness of the natural environment. The population, which is very heterogeneous from the socio-cultural standpoint, experienced a rapid growth in the past half century, putting an increasing pressure on the natural resources (water, soil, biodiversity), which have started to dwindle and get worse in terms of quality. In all this time, the low level of economic development has failed to bring about visible improvements in the quality of life, which remained precarious for most of the people. The inefficiency of governmental policies in solving these problems has been an almost permanent reason for discontent among the population.

Keywords: conflicts, demographic evolution, environmental restrictiveness,
INTEGRATING ROMA IN MODERN EUROPEAN SOCIETY. NEW CHALLENGES, NEW OPPORTUNITIES. AN OVERVIEW OF THEIR PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE IN THE LIGHT OF AN ENLARGED EUROPE

INTEGRATING ROMA IN MODERN EUROPEAN SOCIETY. NEW CHALLENGES, NEW OPPORTUNITIES. AN OVERVIEW OF THEIR PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE IN THE LIGHT OF AN ENLARGED EUROPE

Authors: COSTACHIE Silviu
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Abstract

The Roma population, with approximately 10 million people, is the largest minority of Europe. Since the end of the communist era in Eastern Europe, mass emigration has occurred, mainly to Western Europe. Today across Western Europe the Roma still face huge problems in regard of discrimination and exclusion. A general change in the way they are perceived is necessary. In the last years, the European Union have put the Roma questions on the forefront of their discussions. Nevertheless, the situation of the minority is still very precarious and demands more concrete research and action.

Keywords: Roma, immigration, education, employment, human rights, discrimination, exclusion,

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