Journal of Herbal Drugs

Journal of Herbal Drugs

Basic info

  • Publisher: Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch
  • Country of publisher: iran, islamic republic of
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2018/Feb/04

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Marketing, Agricultural Science, Biotechnology, Botany, Genetics, Plant Sciences, Medicine, Pharmacology, Toxicology
  • Publisher's keywords: Herbs, Cultivation or Agronomy, Breeding, Biotechnology, Marketing and Economy, Medicinal Plants, Genetic
  • Language of fulltext: english, persian
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2011
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '260' articles

Effect of salinity on vegetative growth, antioxidant and defensive enzymes in ginger (Zingber officinale Roscoe.)

Effect of salinity on vegetative growth, antioxidant and defensive enzymes in ginger (Zingber officinale Roscoe.)

Authors: Imaneh Dehghani; Akbar Mostajeran
( 26 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Ginger is common named Zingber officinale Roscoe. belongs to Zingiberaceae family which extensively used to pharmaceutic industries in addition to food industries uses. Dut to Iran is located at world saline lands, salinity is a main problem to native and nonnative plant species cultivation such as ginger and because in plants salinity induces antioxidative and defensive systems, therefor the effect of salinity on ginger was considered in this research. Experimental: This plan was done in a random block design with three replications. Salt treatment was done at four levels by using NaCl in hogland nutrient solution in different salinity levels: 2 (control), 4, 6 and 8 dsm-1 for 14 days when the palnt was one month. Results & Discussion: Our results revealed that ginger has a moderately salt tolerance, because only 6 and 8 dsm-1 caused reduction in chlorophyll a, b and chlorophyll content and a/b ratio and consequently growth and dry mater accumulation. In spite of negative effect of salinity on ginger vegetative growth, antioxidant and defensive enzymes activity such as catalase, PAL and TAL was increased at 4 dsm-1 as compared with control but these enzymes activity was decrease at 6 and 8 dsm-1.

Keywords: Zingber officinale Roscoe. Saline stress Antioxidant Growth
The effects of some ecological factors on essential oil yield and composition of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam

The effects of some ecological factors on essential oil yield and composition of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam

Authors: Gholamreza Bakhshi Khaniki; Fatemeh Sefidkon; Zeynab Dehghan
( 86 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Different species from mint family (Lamiaceae) are used as spices and fragrance in food or as medicine against viral or microbial diseases in many countries for generation. Lamiaceae family contains 46 genus and 410 species. One of the valuable and medicinal species of this family is Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. This species contains the essential oil with pulegone as major compound and used for many medicinal uses. Experimental: In this investigation, the effect of some ecological factors on essential oil content and composition were studied. The aerial parts of Z. clinopodioides were collected at flowering stage from four habitats in Hamedan and Kurdestan provinces. The main parameters from each habitat like altitude, and percentage of slope, soil characters and other plant species were determined. The plant materials were subjected to hydro-distillation in three replications to obtain their essential oils. The essential oils were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Results & Discussion: The results showed that ecological factors had significant effect (p<0.01) on oil yields. Identification of chemical constituents of the oils showed that main compounds (pulegone and 1, 8-cineole) and minor compounds exist in different percentage in different habitats. So the ecological factors had effect on essential oil composition of Z. clinopodioides.

Keywords: Essential oil Pulegone 1; 8-cineole Ziziphora clinopodioides Ecological factors
The effect of some of the Iranian medicinal plants on Brucella Abortus on In-vitro and In-vivo

The effect of some of the Iranian medicinal plants on Brucella Abortus on In-vitro and In-vivo

Authors: Abdollah Ghasemi Pirbalouti; Mohammad Reza Ghasemi; Hasan Momtaz; Ahmad Reza Golparvar; Behzad Hamedi; Lohraseb Shahgholian
( 23 downloads)
Abstract

Introduction & Aim: The ethanol and aqueous extracts of Alhagi camelorum Fisch. (Fabaceae) whole plant, Scrophularia desertii Del. (Scrophulariaceae) whole plant and ethanol extracts of Echinophora platyloba DC. (Apiaceae) whole plant, Teucrium polium L. (Lamiaceae) whole plant and Berberis integerrima Bunge root brake were investigated for anti-Brucella in-vitro and in-vivo conditions. Experimental: Clinical isolated of Brucella abortus was studied using the disk diffusion method. Brucellosis was induced by repeated injection of Brucella abortus on Balb/C mice. In Balb/C model, we evaluated factors included primary weight/secondary weight ratio (W1/W2), spleen weight, spleen weight/body weight ratio and antibody titer with Wright method. Results & Discussion: The results of disk diffusion approach that the extracts from different plant species studied showed antibacterial activity against B. abortus, with the diameters of zone of inhibition ranging between 1 and 27 mm. Of the plants studied, the most active extracts at the concentration 500 µg/ml were those obtained from aqueous extracts of A. camelorum whole plant and showed strong inhibitory effects (zone of inhibition ≥15 mm) but ethanol extract of S. desertii at the concentration 125 µg/ml showed lowest of inhabitation effect. The bacteria in the study were sensitive to some of antibiotics, erythromycin and streptomycin being the most sensitive (inhibition zone values of 21 and 23 mm, respectively), while was resistant to some of the plant extracts at the concentration 62.5 µg/ml. The best results for W1/W2 were obtained from extract-treated by ethanol extract of B. integrrima root in dose of 400 mg/kg/day and following treated by erythromycin in dose of 400 mg/kg/day. The lowest of Spleen weight were obtained from aqueous extract of A. camelorum and following treated by erythromycin. The best results for Spleen W/Body were obtained from extract-treated by aqueous extract of A. camelorum and following treated by erythromycin in dose of 200 mg/kg/day. Also, the best results for antibody titer with Wright method were obtained from ethanol extract B. integrrima root brake. However, the results of mean of comparison with Duncan's test for antibody titer with Wright method showed no significant difference.

Keywords: Medicinal plants Brucella abortus in-vitro Balb/C Brucellosis
The study of burn healing of Onosma stenosiphon on type II burn of back and testis areas in rats

The study of burn healing of Onosma stenosiphon on type II burn of back and testis areas in rats

Authors: Mohammad Ali Khalili; Seyad Mohsen Miresmaeili; Hosein Hekmati Moghaddam; Shahnaz Rezaei; Ali Reza Vahidi
( 58 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Onosma stenosiphon has been used as herbal medicine for healing skin cuts and rashes. However, burn healing effect of this herb has not been yet reported in pharmaceutical texts. The aim of this study was to find out the effect of herb ointment on burn healing the superficial wounds post type II burns of back and testis region in Wistar rats. Experimental: A total of 24 rats were divided into 3 (21 rats) and 1 control (3 rats) groups. Type II burn was performed on right and left sides of back and right testicular skin of all experimental animals. For burn healing, herb ointment was applied on right sides of back and testis skins of experimental rats. For histo-pathological evaluation, seven rats were killed at 7, 14, 21 days intervals. Then, skin samples were obtained from both left and right (with herb ointment) sides of back, as well as testicular tissue samples. All samples from experimental animals were compared with control samples following tissue staining. Results & Discussion: All skin samples (both with and without herb ointment applications) showed patho-morphological changes one week post experimental burns. Two week following burns, epidermis were relatively healed, and lymphohistocytological inflammation with initiation of fibrosis was observed. But, epidermis and dermis inflammation were recovered after three weeks. There were no noticeable changes in healing rate of burned tissues in rats under herb ointment versus non ointment applications. Also, there were no alternations in testicular tissue or spermatozoa cells in experimental groups.

Keywords: Onosma stenosiphon Boiss. Burn healing Testis Rats
The effect of sulphur and Thiobacillus on nutrient absorption, growth and essential oil in lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.)

The effect of sulphur and Thiobacillus on nutrient absorption, growth and essential oil in lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.)

Authors: Mehrab Yadegari; Rahim Barzegar
( 76 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: In order study the effect of Thiobacillus, sulphur and organic materials on vegetative growth and essence production in lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) was conducted in pots in field condition at Shahrekord, Iran on 2008. Experimental: The factors were ten soil treatments inclusive 200 kg/ha sulphur, 400 kg/ha sulphur, 600 kg/ha sulphur, 200 kg/ha sulphur + Thiobacillus, 400 kg/ha sulphur + Thiobacillus, 600 kg/ha sulphur + Thiobacillus, 200 kg/ha sulphur + Thiobacillus + organic materials, 400 kg/ha sulphur + Thiobacillus + organic materials, 600 kg/ha sulphur + Thiobacillus + organic materials and without application of sulphur, Thiobacillus and organic materials. Results & Discussion: The results revealed significant differences between treatments in cupper, zinc, iron and manganese content in soil after harvesting and fresh weight, dry weight and number of lateral stems in plants. Also, differences between essence content in dry plants in various treatments were significant. Treatment of 400 kg/ha sulphur + Thiobacillus + organic materials and control demonstrated the highest and lowest cupper and manganese content in soil after harvesting and fresh weight, dry weight and lateral stems in plants respectively. In this research we observed the significant effect of sulphur on content of essential oil. The highest essence content in dry plants was produced by 400 kg/ha sulphur + Thiobacillus + organic materials and 600 kg/ha sulphur + Thiobacillus + organic materials. The correlation between traits showed that the more dry weight, Fe and Zn content in soil made the more essence content.

Keywords: Essentail oil Melissia officinalis L. Thiobacillus Sulphur
Study of un-saturated fatty acids content in Ocimum basilicum L.

Study of un-saturated fatty acids content in Ocimum basilicum L.

Authors: Gholamreza Bakhshi Khaniki
( 69 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Ocimum basilicum L. is belong to the Lamiaceae family which is cultivated as a culinary, industrial and medicinal plants in some countries from thousands years ago. The seed of this plant is rich in poly un-saturated fatty acids (PUFA) and produced a large amount of mucilage. Experimental: The oil of seed was extracted separately and converted to fatty acids methyl esters, and composition of fatty acids in seed oil was determined by Gas Chromatography. Results & Discussion: The results show that the highest content of total fat between (A.W.L.P.), (28.98 % of dw) in Ardabil (L.P.) and lowest (17.25 % of dw) in A.G.2 (W.P.). The highest Palmitic acid content is between (A.W.L.P.), (34.81 mol %) in Kermanshah (L.P.) and lowest (2.05 mol %) is in Kerman (L.P.). The highest Stearic acid content is between (A.W.L.P.), (7.56 mol %) in Ahwaz (L.P.) and lowest (1.42 mol %) in Ardabil (W.P.). The highest of Oleic acid between (A.W.L.P.), (22.81 mol %) in Ghom (L.P.) and lowest (11.10 mol %) in A.G.2 (W.P.). The highest Linoleic acid content between (A.W.L.P.), (25.60 mol %) in A.G.1 (L.P.) and lowest (15.55 mol %) in Kermanshah (L.P.). The highest amount of Linolenic acid between (A.W.L.P.), (53.89 mol %) in A.G.1 (W.P.) and lowest (28.08 mol %) in Kermanshah (L.P.). The results also definite clearly that the seed of O. basilicum populations have large amount of un-saturated fatty acids, mucilage and they have a few amount of saturated fatty acids.

Keywords: Ocimum basilicum L. Fatty acids Seed oil
The assessment of patient’s satisfaction about medicinal plants in Isfahan

The assessment of patient’s satisfaction about medicinal plants in Isfahan

Authors: Zohreh Bakhtiari
( 113 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Reason destroyer and side effectories some chemical drugs , many pations would to use medicinal plants , on the other hand new medicine nevereless cost and powerful ,have problems for treat some maladies specically chronic maladies. We at this article surveid satisfactoryُ s pations of herbal medicine to compare with new therapeutic ways and defined that further pations for what maladies performed tradition way on new way and what factors effect on their decision. Experimental: This is a cross sectional study and hoarding tools information is questionnaires that was include demographic and characterizes pattern and believe and malady kind pations. entry criterion was Isfahan pations that refer to treatment centers such as Alzahra hospital. Results & Discussion: Number 247 participants were randomly selected and were asked to fill the questionnaires. Data were collected and analyzed by statistical tests. According to opinions pations 37% affect plant drugs knew well and better than chemical drugs, 21% chemical drugs knew better and 42% didn’t give opinion. 67% was habitant at townships and villages and 33% was in Isfahan city. Relation women to men for use of plant drugs was 69% to 31% , of course more men expressed that refer to physician seldom and by suitable nutrition Preservation self health . Of View point document education attention to literacy pations were a few at between samples not given meaningful and analogical difference.

Keywords: Medicinal plants Complementary medicine Traditional medicine
Recent advances in extraction methods of medicinal plant components

Recent advances in extraction methods of medicinal plant components

Authors: Behzad Zolfaghari; Afsaneh Yegdaneh
( 23 downloads)
Abstract

Various novel techniques including ultrasound-assisted extraction, microwave-assisted extraction and supercritical fluid extraction have been developed for the extraction of medicinal plants in order to shorten the extraction time, decrease the solvent consumption, increase the extraction yield, and enhance the quality of extracts. This review was conducted to introduce and compare the conventional soxhlet extraction and the new alternative methods used for the extraction of nutraceuticals from plants.

Keywords: Ultrasound Microwave Supercritical fluid Soxhlet
The collection and identification of the some plant species of Kerman province

The collection and identification of the some plant species of Kerman province

Authors: Zahra Mahdavi Maymand; Mansoor Mirtajodin
( 22 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: A herbarium is a collection of preserved plant specimens. Herbarium specimens form an important recorded of what plants grew where over time. Kerman province with area about 171993 km2 has a lat of difference vegetation because of climatic and topography variations. It has different elevation (above sea level) from 300 m in Shahdad to 4420 m in Hezar mountains. Material & Methods: There are several main aspects to making good herbarium specimens: collecting, pressing & preserving, mounting, labeling, and filing. Some tools are rather important while picking up plants for your herbarium: A small knife, scissors, thorn-proof gloves, newspaper, height and a small handy spade could be of great help. Results & Discussion: In the research project of collection and identification of some plant species of Kerman province for herbarium of Faculty Pharmacy, 295 plant species were identified. They are classified in 210 genera and 54 families. No, scientific names, Persian names, family, location, altitude, date of collection, collection and by identified were mentioned in this paper. Conclusions: The number species belongs to Lamiaceae (48 species), Asteraceae (45 species), Brassica (24 species), and Apiaceae (23 species).

Keywords: Herbarium Medicinal Plants Collection
Extraction and investigation on the essential oil of Anthemis hyalina DC .in Qazvine province

Extraction and investigation on the essential oil of Anthemis hyalina DC .in Qazvine province

Authors: Mohammad Bagher Rezaee; Kamkar Jaimand; Valiollah Mozaffarian
( 47 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: This research, order to study of extraction and investigation on the essential oil of Anthemis hyalina DC. were conducted. Material & Methods: The volatile constituents of Anthemis hyalina DC. were isolated by hydro-distillation and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. In this study, samples were collected from Qazvin on June 2008. Results & Discussion: The oil yields obtained were leaves 0.05% on a fresh weight basis. The major constituents of Anthemis hyalina DC. from head flowering were a-terpinene (58.5%), trans-chrysanthenyl acetate (5.3%) and b-calacorene (4%). Conclusion: According to literature, this species was not the subject of research up to now and therefore its chemical composition is not well known.

Keywords: Anthemis hyaline DC. Essential oil α –teripinene Chrysanthenyl acetate Effective substance
Effect of Cichorium intybus L. extracts and Kelussia oderatassima Mozaff. essential oil on toxic of organophosphouros insecticides in RAT

Effect of Cichorium intybus L. extracts and Kelussia oderatassima Mozaff. essential oil on toxic of organophosphouros insecticides in RAT

Authors: Abdollah Ghasemi Pirbalouti; Ali Shahvali; Firozeh Saghaee; Shahrzad Azizi; Behzad Hamedi; Lohraseb Shahgholian
( 83 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Organophosphates are frequently used as insecticides in households, in agricultural areas and veterinary, thus posing a risk for accidental dermal exposure or through inhalation. Acute organophosphate poisoning causes thousands of human mortalities each year in developing countries. Material & Methods: This study carried out to study an antitoxic effect of endemic Iranian medicinal plants agent against organophosphorus on rats. In order, anti-toxic effects of Cichorium intybus L. root ethanol extract and Kelussia oderatassima Mozaff. leaves essential oil on liver and kidney rat. This is an experimental study in 18 Wistar rats were randomly into 6 groups. After 24 hr fasting, normal saline was given to the first group, two and three groups received 200 and 400 mg/kg Cichorium intybus extract, four and five groups received 200 and 400 mg/kg Kelussia oderatassima essential oil and six groups received standard drug (Phenobarbital). Results & Discussion: The histopathological observation indicated that the lowest necrosis in kidney was group received 200 mg/kg Kelussia oderatassima essential oil and highest necrosis in kidney was groups received 200 and 400 mg/kg Cichorium intybus extract and standard drug. The histopathological observation indicated that standard drug and groups received 400 mg/kg Cichorium intybus extract and 200 mg/kg Kelussia oderatassima essential oil may protect liver against acute hepatotoxicity induced by Organophosphate insecticide. Also the highest of increased weight rats revealed group received 200 mg/kg Kelussia oderatassima essential oil. Conclusion: The results show that Kelussia oderatassima essential oil an antitoxic effect against organophosphrus on at.

Keywords: Medicinal plants. Organophosphates. Toxicology. Kelussia oderatassima
A study of UV-C and plant growth regulators effects on plantlets of Aloe vera Line

A study of UV-C and plant growth regulators effects on plantlets of Aloe vera Line

Authors: Nastaran Sadeghi; Marzieh Shafiee Hajiabad; Amir Mehdi Shokati
( 100 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Effects of ultra violet spectrum on plants due to their obligatory requirement for sunlight for survival are unavoidable. Direct effects of UV on plant growth and development are generally negative and usually they use many different defense mechanisms to acclimate and protect themselves. Material & Methods: The present research for the first time was conducted to investigate the destructive, target or even possible constructive effects of ultraviolet-C (100-280 nm) on in vitro plantlets of Aloe vera and changes of these effects under different concentrations of plant growth regulators of media cultures. Aloe was selected because it is one of the most important subtropical medicinal plants and normally it is exposed to UV in its original growing regions. Treatments were media culture in four stages and UV-C in two stages (0 and 40 Mwcm-1). In vitro plants were cultured on four different media in six replications. Three replications of them were exposed one hour per day with UV-C for one month. Results & Discussion : Our results showed that longest plantlets, highest number of roots and longest roots formed on the media contain 1.5 mgl-1IBA and highest number of shoots on the media contain 1.5 mgl-1IBA and 1 mgl-1 BA.

Keywords: Aloe vera L. Ultraviolet C In vitro culture IBA BA
Antimicrobial activity of five species of green – blue algae and three species of green algae for Mashhad

Antimicrobial activity of five species of green – blue algae and three species of green algae for Mashhad

Authors: Samaneh Rahimi; Mahmood Zokaee; Neda Soltani
( 64 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: In this study, is done during one-year research on blue–green and green algae for antimicrobial activity in Mashhad suburb. Aqueous, ether, and methanol extracts from 44 species blue – green algae and green algae were examined for antimicrobial properties against four bacteria (tow positive gram bacteria and tow negative gram bacteria) and tow fungous. Material & Methods: Among blue–green algae, we have known 12 geniuses, which belongs to 5 families of 3 orders, our observations shows that antimicrobial activity of this algae belongs to 2 species of Nostocaceae family, one species of Chroococaceae family, one species of Heylaceae family and one species of Scytonemataceae family. Green algae belongs to 15 geniuses of 3 families and 5 orders. Which antimicrobial activity of belong to 2 species of Scenedesmaceae family and one species of Zygnemataceae family. Results & Discussion: The result showed that a Bacillus subtilis positive gram bacterium is inhibited by tow species of green–blue algae and one species of green algae. Negative gram bacteria Staphylococcus epidermidis inhibited by tow species of blue–green algae and one species of green algae but negative gram bacteria did not show any reaction to this alga. Conclusion: Tow cyanobacteria species and one species of green algae inhibited growth the of Candida albicans, but did not have any effect on Candida keyfer. We can get the result that positive gram bacteria are more sensitive in comparison with negative gram bacteria.

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity Blue-green algae Green algae
Traditional application of medicinal plants in southern area of Ilam province for treatment diseases and clinical syndromes in small ruminants

Traditional application of medicinal plants in southern area of Ilam province for treatment diseases and clinical syndromes in small ruminants

Authors: Mahmood Bahmani; Majid Avijgan; Seyed Reza Hossaini; Hossain Najafzadeh Varizi; Ehsan Bahmani; Saied Mehrzadi
( 61 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Investigation use of medical plants and industrial utilization of phytomedicines is necessary in veterinary medicine. Field investigation of use of medical plants in treatment of diseases of sheep and goat was the aim of present study. Martial & Methods: This study was done in southern area of Ilam province at 2008. At first, question sheet was designed for 36 diseases and clinical syndromes in small ruminants (sheep and goat). The form was filled by 45 owners at 22 villages. The plant samples were collected and sent to plant research center in Ilam for identification. Data such as scientific name, family, Persian and Kurdish name, part which used and rout of application was recorded for each sample. Results & Discussion: After data analysis, it was seen 35 diseases and clinical syndromes in small ruminants were treated by 36 species of plants but 13 species were toxic plants. This wrong use may induce toxicity in animals. Based on study, Phoenix dactylifera was used for treatment of poisoning, Triticum aestivum for mastitis, Peganum harmala for snake bite were used. Pistachia atlantica, Pistachia khinjuk, Amygdalus lycioides, Marsdenia erecta, Nerium indicum, Astragalus golicucanthus were used for treatment respiratory signs of Ostrous ovis. Satureja khuzestanica and Nicotina tabacum were used for treatment infestation of Limnatis nilotica.

Keywords: Medical plants. Diseases and clinical syndromes. Small ruminants
Studies on Ethnobotany of important medicinal plants in Sistan

Studies on Ethnobotany of important medicinal plants in Sistan

Authors: Mahboobeh Iranmanesh; Shahla Najafi; Mehdi Yosefi
( 22 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Medicinal plants, Since time immemorial, have been used in virtually all cultures as a source of medicine and ethnobotany has prevent to be a valuable method to find new herbal medicine and plant derived drugs. Material & Methods: This study determined medicinally important plants that are most frequently by the local inhabitants of Sistan to treat human diseases. In current consideration, identification, classification and introduction of these plants in Sistan have been conducted using physiognomic methods, public knowledge, corresponding with document studies. Medicinal plants were collected from various places of Sistan and recognized by using flora. For each plant species, botanical name, vernacular name, part (s) used, popular medicinal use, forms of preparation and application of the herbal remedies are provided. Results & Discussion: These plants are used in traditional medicine as diuretic, stomach improver, wound healing agent , antipyretic , anti wound healing agent , expectorant, etc.

Keywords: Ethnobotany. Medicinal plants Sistan region

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