A radiological profile of the patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2019, Vol 9, Issue 2

Abstract

Introduction: Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, defined as bleeding derived from a source proximal to the ligament of Treitz, is a common and potentially life-threatening GI emergency with a wide range of clinical severity, ranging from insignificant bleeds to catastrophic exsanguinating hemorrhage Aims and Objectives: Radio-logical profile of the patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study carried at tertiary health care centre referred for Upper GI Endoscopy during one year period from January 2017 to January 2018 , in the one year period there were 126 patients referred for the procedure after written and explained consent were undergone Upper GI endoscopy with all aseptic precautions and standard protocols , all patients undergone USG , these were entered to excel sheets and analyzed by Excel software for windows 10 . Result: In our study we have seen that The average age of the patients was 11.56 ±6.47 Yrs. and range was 1-55 Yrs. (Min –Max). The majority of the patients were Female i.e. 51.59% and Males were 48.41%. The most common provisional diagnosis were Hematemesis under investigation - 22.22%, followed by Mass per abdomen - in 15.87%, Foreign body in 13.49%, Vomiting under investigation in 11.11%, Fever under investigation in 10.32%, Ascitis under investigation in 8.73%, Cirrhosis with portal Hypertension in 5.56%, Upper GI obstruction in 4.76%, Dysphagia under investigation in 4.76%, Malena under investigation in 3.17%. The most common USG findings were Course Ecotexture of Liver - 25.40%, Diffuse Parenchymal Liver - 18.25%, Dilated portal vein with Splenomegaly -10.32%, Dilated portal vein with perifibrosis, massive splenomegaly- 9.52% , Hepatitis with splenomegaly-8.73%, Hepatomegaly with cirrosis of liver with splenomegaly -5.56%,Hepatomegaly thickenend GB with Massive Ascitis - 4.76%, Hepatomegaly with coarse echotexture , nodular surface massive ascitis with Grade I nephropathy - 3.97%, Hepatomegaly with ascitis -3.17%, Mild spelenomegaly with paraaortic Lymphadenopathy -3.17%, Dilated stomach ,duodenum, Obstruction of IIIrd part of Dudenum - 2.38%, Splenomegaly with Bulky Pancrea, Pleural effusion , Lt Ovarian Cyst , Rt Renal calculi-1.59%. Conclusion: It can be concluded from our study that the most common USG findings were were Course Ecotexture of Liver, Diffuse, Parenchymal Liver, Dilated portal vein with Splenomegaly Dilated portal vein with perifibrosis , massive splenomegaly- Hepatitis with splenomegaly, Hepatomegaly with cirrosis of liver with splenomegaly etc. this sonographic evaluation is useful for diagnosis and management of the patients.

Authors and Affiliations

Kudlappa Angadi, Pooja Patil

Keywords

Related Articles

Clinical profile of neonates with jaundice: A descriptive study

Ensuring a safe level of serum bilirubin and brain damage prevention is the primary aim of the treatment. Reduction of serum bilirubin levels and prevention of neurotoxicity can be achieved by phototherapy, exchange tran...

A study of Serum lipids among children suffering from nephrotic syndrome

Background:Hyperlipidemia is a common findings in nephrotic syndrome. Thereis increased total Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, VLDL cholesterol and lower normal HDL Cholesterol. There is paucity of studies on derangement of...

Clinical profile and etiology of thyroid disorders in children at a tertiary care hospital

Background: Congenital hypothyroidism is the most common preventable cause in India and worldwide. Thyroid hormones deficiency in infancy leads to irreversible impairment of neuro-cognitive function and physical and ment...

A study of biochemical abnormalities among children suffering from Acute diarrhea

Background:The average incidence of diarrhea among under five children per year in most of the developing countries is 3.2 episodes of diarrhea per child per year and the mortality of 4.9/1000 episodes per year. Diarrhea...

Impact of stone quarry activities on certain respiratory, haematological and nutrition parameters in children 8-15 years of age compared to children of same age living away from quarries

Globalization and rapid industrial growth in last few years has resulted in emergence of occupational health related issues. However agriculture is main occupation in India giving employment to 58% of the people. Growing...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP469594
  • DOI 10.26611/1014926
  • Views 111
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Kudlappa Angadi, Pooja Patil (2019). A radiological profile of the patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 9(2), 63-66. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-469594