A study of clinical profile of the patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre
Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2019, Vol 9, Issue 2
Background: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common gastrointestinal (GI) emergency presenting as hematemesis and/or melena and rarely as hematochezia and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Aims and Objectives: To Study clinical profile of the patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study carried at tertiary health care centre referred for Upper GI Endoscopy during one year period from January 2017 to January 2018, in the one year period there were 126 patients referred for the procedure after written and explained consent were undergone Upper GI endoscopy with all aseptic precautions and standard protocols, all the details of the patients like age, sex, complains , signs and provisional diagnosis etc. was entered to excel sheets and analyzed by Excel software for windows 10 .Result: In our study we have seen that the average age of the patients was 11.56 ±6.47 Yrs. and range was 1-55 Yrs. (Min –Max) . The majority of the patients were Female i.e. 51.59% and Males were 48.41%. The most common complaints were Hematemesis in 22.22%, Mass per abdomen in 15.87%, Abdominal distension in 14.29%, Foreign body in 13.49%, Pain in abdomen+ Vomiting in 12.70%, Vomiting+ Fever in 9.52%. Dysphasia in 4.76%, Generalized weakness in 3.97%, Malena in 3.17%. The most common signs were Pallor + Pedal edema - 21.37%, Foreign body-15.38%, Abdominal distension -14.53%, Pallor+ Lymphadenopathy - 14.53%, Pallor + tongue coated - 12.82%, Icterus + in 11.11%, Decreased tourgor in 10.26%. The most common provisional diagnosis were Hematemesis under investigation - 22.22%, followed by Mass per abdomen - in 15.87%, Foreign body in 13.49%, Vomiting under investigation in 11.11%, Fever under investigation in 10.32%, Ascitis under investigation in 8.73%, Cirrhosis with portal Hypertension in 5.56%, Upper GI obstruction in 4.76%, Dysphagia under investigation in 4.76%, Malena under investigation in 3.17%. Conclusion: It can be concluded from our study that majority of the patients were in the age group of average age of the patients was 11.56 ±6.47 Yrs. The most common complaints were Hematemesis. Mass per abdomen, Abdominal distension, Foreign body, The most common signs were, Pallor + Pedal edema , Foreign body, Abdominal distension . The most common provisional diagnosis were, Hematemesis under investigation, Mass per abdomen - in Foreign body, Vomiting under investigation, Fever under investigation, Ascitis under investigation
Authors and Affiliations
Kudlappa Angadi, Sharanagouda Patil
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How To Cite
Kudlappa Angadi, Sharanagouda Patil (2019). A study of clinical profile of the patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 9(2), 51-54. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-469582