A study of various risk factors associated with development of severe respiratory distress in the new born at tertiary health care center

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2018, Vol 5, Issue 1

Abstract

Background: Neonatal respiratory distress occurs in infants whose lungs have not yet fully developed. The earlier a baby is born, the less developed the lungs are and the higher the chance of neonatal respiratory distress. Aims and Objectives: To study various Risk factors associated with development of severe respiratory distress in the new born at tertiary health care center. Result: Methodology: This was a Hospital based observational study conducted at Apollo BGS Hospital, Tertiary Health Centre, Kuvempunagar, Mysore. Hundred newborns who were having respiratory distress within 72 hours of birth admitted to NICU of Apollo BGS Hospital, Mysore was studied. This was a one year prospective study i.e. December 2013 to November 2014.Sample size was 100. Statistical analysis done by using SPSS software Result: Significant risk factors associated with respiratory distress were Maternal age- >30 and <21(X2=7.207, p=0.0073), Primigravida (X2=35.3501,p=0.001), Per-vaginal(PV) Examinations>4 (x2=5.272, p=0.02), Meconium stained Liquor – (x2=14.982, p=0.0002). Caesarean –(x2=12.208, p=0.005), SGA (x2=35.58, p<0.001), APGAR score-<7 (X2=8.007, p=0.0047), Birth Weight <2.5 (x2=26.85, p<0.001) Conclusion: The important risk factors were very young or aged mother, primigravida, more prevaginal examinations, meconium stained liquor, Cesarean delivery, IUGR and Low birth weight etc. this knowledge of risk factor is important for the prevention of future newborns from respiratory distress.

Authors and Affiliations

Chethan K B, Sandeep Patil, Spoorthi S M, Lakshmidevi 4

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP264181
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How To Cite

Chethan K B, Sandeep Patil, Spoorthi S M, Lakshmidevi 4 (2018). A study of various risk factors associated with development of severe respiratory distress in the new born at tertiary health care center. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 5(1), 5-10. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-264181