Anxiety and depression in parents caring for a child with chronic disease: A cross sectional comparative study

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2017, Vol 4, Issue 3

Abstract

Background: Caring for a child with a chronic illness can be stressful for the parent which can in turn affect the parent child interaction and treatment adherence. We aimed to screen parents who are caregivers of children with a chronic illness for symptoms of anxiety and depression and also to compare the symptoms between the care giving mothers and the fathers. We also aimed to study the factors associated with anxiety and depression. Materials and Methods: In this case control study, care giving parents of children with a chronic illness were administered the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and the Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7 and the scores were compared with a control group of parents of children without a chronic illness. Results: Of the 158 parents screened, 92 parents had a child with a chronic illness. Thirty percent (n=28), 32.6% (n=30), 37%(n=34) of parents of children with a chronic illness were found to have moderate to severe, mild and no depressive symptoms and 39 % (n= 36), 33.7% (n=31), 27.2% (n=25) of parents had moderate to severe, mild and no anxiety respectively. This was significantly more than the control group (p value<0.05). No statistically significant difference was observed between the mothers and the fathers. The presence of a chronic neurological hematological, cardiovascular and respiratory illness along with low educational status of the parents were independent factors associated with parental depression. Whereas the presence of chronic renal, neurological, respiratory illness along with low educational status of the parents were independent factors associated with anxiety

Authors and Affiliations

Shenoy S, V M Mridhula, Kalaiah K M

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP260303
  • DOI -
  • Views 112
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How To Cite

Shenoy S, V M Mridhula, Kalaiah K M (2017). Anxiety and depression in parents caring for a child with chronic disease: A cross sectional comparative study. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 4(3), 82-86. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-260303