Biodiversity of macrofungi in Yenepoya Campus, Southwest India

Journal Title: Microbial Biosystems Journal - Year 2018, Vol 3, Issue 1

Abstract

Public and private institutions usually possess land space for buildings, play grounds, gardens, avenues and natural vegetation. Such landscapes possess diverse flora, fauna and microbiota. Inventory of biodiversity in the vicinity constitutes first step to follow the status of habitat based on diversity, carrying capacity and further steps for conservation or rehabilitation. The current study assessed macrofungal diversity in the Yenepoya Campus of southwest India in continuation of assessment of flora and fauna. This preliminary inventory was carried out in 10 habitats (three plantations, bamboo thickets, gardens, acacia groves, avenue trees, lawns, dumped wood and termite mounds), which yielded 40 species of macrofungi belonging to 31 genera. Among them, twelve species were edible, twelve species were medicinal, two species were ectomycorrhizal and finally one species was entomophagous. Substrates supporting macrofungi include soil (particolous), humus (humicolous), woody debris (lignicolous) and insects (entomophagous). Results showed an abundance of five species (Amylosprous campbellii, Daldinia concentrica, Lenzites betulina, Marasmiellus stenophyllus and Schizophyllum commune), 13 others were common and 22 species were occasional. In addition to flora and fauna, inventory of saprophytic macrofungi (involved in recycling the organic matter) occurring in an institution surroundings help designating the habitat as healthy or regenerated or impoverished to follow appropriate measures to maintain the status quo, rehabilitation and conservation. This study suggests possibilities of domestication and utilization of several edible, medicinal and ectomycorrhizal fungi in this area.

Authors and Affiliations

Karun NC, Bhagya BS, Sridhar KR

Keywords

Related Articles

Mycological discoveries in the Middle East region in the second part of the last century

The arid Middle East extends over 9 million km² in the Eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea. Interest in the fungi of this region after the Second World War led to the discovery of species then regarded as being new t...

Egypt’s national fungus day

The International Union for Conservation of Nature has recognized that fungal conservation is just as important as animal and plant conservation, and has called on governments worldwide to pay much more attention to fu...

Checklist of Algerian fungi – Part 1: Protozoan Fungal Analogues (Myxomycetes)

Informations on Algerian mycobiota are scattered through a wide array of journals, books, dissertations and the lack of comprehensive catalogs or checklists makes difficult to apprehend it diversity. By screening all a...

Functional attributes of ethnically edible ectomycorrhizal wild mushroom Amanita in India

Functional qualities serve as valuable yardsticks towards consumer acceptability of foods and food products. This study evaluates functional properties of an ectomycorrhizal wild mushroom Amanita sp. occurring in the l...

Saving the forgotten kingdom in Malta

Fungi are different from animals and plants. Since at least the 1970s, scientists have agreed that fungi belong in their own separate biological kingdom which is likely to contain far more species than the plant kingdo...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP32935
  • DOI -
  • Views 441
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Karun NC, Bhagya BS, Sridhar KR (2018). Biodiversity of macrofungi in Yenepoya Campus, Southwest India. Microbial Biosystems Journal, 3(1), -. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-32935