Cranial ultrasound in preterm neonates

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2017, Vol 4, Issue 2

Abstract

Aims and Objectives: 1.To study brain abnormalities with cranial ultrasound in preterm infants. 2.To study association of various risk factors and cranial ultrasound abnormalities. 3.To assess the progression of abnormalities and treatment outcome. Results: Out of the 47 preterms included in our study, 20(42.6%) had abnormal cranial ultrasound done within 48 hrs of admission. When these preterms were followed up as per the protocol of the study, we found that at the mean follow up age of 35 wks, the cranial USG abnormalities reduced to 15 (31.9%). At term, these abnormalities were further reduced to 6 (12.8%). The results obtained above was statistically significant. In the present study, 64.7% were male and 38.3% were female. In addition, 40.4% were SGA, 53.2% were AGA and 6.4% were LGA. Most of the mother were primigravida (55%). Birth weight, Gestational age and Apgar score at 1 min and 5 min were statistically significant related with the abnormal cranial USG on admission. Age of the mother, Gravida, complications in the pregnancy and use of antenatal steroids were not statistically significant. Mode of ventilation, surfactant administration, presence of PDA, requirement of inotropes, presence of sepsis and abnormal neurological examination at term were statistically significant Conclusion: 1.Cranial USG abnormalities frequently occur in preterm infants. Many of them may resolve over a period of time especially when checked at full term. 2. The smaller the baby by gestational age, more chances of presence of cranial USG abnormalities. 3.Presence of cardiorespiratory risk factors increases the chance of cranial USG abnormalities.

Authors and Affiliations

Manindersingh Charansingh Juneja, Sudha Rao Chandrashekhar

Keywords

Related Articles

Clinical profile of neonates with jaundice: A descriptive study

Ensuring a safe level of serum bilirubin and brain damage prevention is the primary aim of the treatment. Reduction of serum bilirubin levels and prevention of neurotoxicity can be achieved by phototherapy, exchange tran...

Study of sleep problems and its impact on scholastic performance in school going children

Background: Sleep is an integral part of any healthy individual. Although sleep disorders are common problems among families and they affect the learning, memory processes and academic performance of children, there is n...

Spectrum of birth trauma: A study from rural India

Background: The effects of trauma sustained during the birth process may range from the very minor to those so severe as to be incompatible with life. Birth trauma in newborn may range from minor soft tissue injuries at...

A study of common parasites associated with peripheral blood eosinophilia in pediatric cases attending a tertiary care institute

Background: Eosinophils are a striking feature of many parasitic diseases. Helminthic infections are the most common parasitic diseases that produce osinophilia in tropical countries. But the significance of association...

Spectrum of chronic diarrhoeal diseases - A cross sectional study

Protracted diarrhoea is the most severe form of diarrhoea in infancy and has also been defined as intractable diarrhoea. Its etiology is poorly defined. We have retrospectively evaluated the etiology, the outcome, and th...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP260268
  • DOI -
  • Views 159
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Manindersingh Charansingh Juneja, Sudha Rao Chandrashekhar (2017). Cranial ultrasound in preterm neonates. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 4(2), 19-23. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-260268