Epidemiological profile of hypertension and various risk factors in adolescents

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2019, Vol 10, Issue 3

Abstract

Background: Primary hypertension hasbeen now shown to be most common among adolescents, and usuallypresents as stage I hypertension along with a positive family history. Secondary hypertension has various systemic causes.Objectives:To see epidemiological profile of hypertension and various risk factors in early adolescent school children. Material and Methods:This cross-sectional study was planned to assess the prevalence of overweight, obesity in school children in early and mid adolescence in different schools in a city in Maharashtra, India was carried out during August 2015 to July 2017. Five districts were selected randomly in Maharashtra. After applying formula 1646 adolescents sample was arrived but since it is an epidemiological study, it was decided to include maximum number of adolescents from the 5 selected schools in 7th, 8th and 9th standard. At the end of data collection, the final sample size was 2496. Descriptive statistics were expressed in Mean+SD, frequencies and percentages, correlation was studied using Pearson’s product moment correlation for data with normal distribution.Results:Among the students, 37.9% were of 13 years, 57.8% were males while 42.2% were females.significant association was found between systolic BP and sex, vegetable intake, salt intake frequency, oil intake, physical activity, parental hypertension and BMI.While diastolic hypertension was found significance with salt intake, oil consumption, physical activity, parental hypertension and BMI.Conclusions: Adolescent hypertension also may also show ice berg phenomenon like adult hypertension so we should be very careful with unhealthy lifestyle of our adolescent population so as to avoid development of hypertension in adult life.

Authors and Affiliations

Vikas Narayan Solunke, Yogita Gaekwad, Shivprasad Mundada, Kiran Bhaisare, Shital Bhattad, Satyakala Garad

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP615826
  • DOI 10.26611/1061031
  • Views 128
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Vikas Narayan Solunke, Yogita Gaekwad, Shivprasad Mundada, Kiran Bhaisare, Shital Bhattad, Satyakala Garad (2019). Epidemiological profile of hypertension and various risk factors in adolescents. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 10(3), 69-75. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-615826