Epidemiology of the initial period of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in the Republic of Moldova

Journal Title: One Health & Risk Management - Year 2020, Vol 1, Issue 2


Introduction. In the Republic of Moldova, the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed on March 7, followed by a significantly increasing incidence across the country. It is important to describe the clinical and epidemiological aspects that were adjusted to the national context in order to develop and implement optimal public health care measures. Material and methods. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from March 7 to April 6, 2020, using the surveillance system data of the Republic of Moldova on COVID-19 case incidence. All cases of COVID-19 were confirmed by Real-Time PCR. Results. During the reference period, 965 cases of COVID-19 were registered, whereas the urban incidence rate was 1.4 times higher than the rural one. The mean age of infected population was 45.2 years, whereas the most affected age group was 50-59 years, found in 232 cases. Healthcare workers made up 26.6±1.4% out of 965 diseased patients. They included nurses – 34.2±3.0%, auxiliary medical staff – 29.6±2.8%, doctors – 27.2±2.8%, first-aid assistants – 7.4±1.6%, pharmacists – 1.2±0.7%, paramedics –0.4±0.4%. The health status of people diagnosed with COVID-19 was severe in 8.0 ± 0.9% of cases; moderate severity – in 34.7±1.5% and satisfactorily severe – in 57.3±1.6% of cases. Conclusions. The identified clinical and epidemiological aspects allowed readjusting the public health policies in order to prevent the spread of COVID-19 infection among the elderly and medical workers.

Authors and Affiliations

Nicolae FURTUNA, Alina DRUC, Octavian SAJIN, Constantin SPINU, Veaceslav GUTU, Alexei CEBAN


Related Articles

Alterations of total antioxidant capacity of pathogen cultures under the influence of novel chemical compounds

Introduction. The major and most common mechanisms for almost all antimicrobial substances is the induction of oxidative stress responses within the pathogen cells by accumulation of free radicals, which mediate a whole...

Malondialdehyde – a potential marker of nanoparticle toxicity in an aquatic environment

Introduction. As a result of increased production and spread in the environment, nanoparticles can pose a significant risk to public health. To date, the toxicity data of nanoparticles collected, using traditional models...

Gold nanoparticles from magnetite for the detection of amyloid proteins in neurodegenerative diseases

Introduction. Currently, neurodegenerative diseases (ND) are the fourth leading cause of death worldwide that pose a great challenge in the development of tools for early diagnosis. Thus, advances in science seek sensiti...

Analysis of clinical and molecular genetic characteristics of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome and X-linked thrombocytopenia

Introduction. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a rare X-linked disorder characterized by microthrombocytopenia, eczema, and recurrent infections. It is caused by mutations of the WAS gene which encodes the WAS protein (WASp)...

Health risk of radon exposure

Introduction. Radon is a chemical element of increased interest to the scientific community due to its implications in the etiology of bronchopulmonary cancer. Pollution of indoor air with radon causes serious effects on...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP689175
  • DOI 10.38045/ohrm.2020.1.11
  • Views 131
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Nicolae FURTUNA, Alina DRUC, Octavian SAJIN, Constantin SPINU, Veaceslav GUTU, Alexei CEBAN (2020). Epidemiology of the initial period of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in the Republic of Moldova. One Health & Risk Management, 1(2), -. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-689175