Epiphora; Successful Response to Systemic Steroids vs Topical Steroids

Journal Title: Journal of Medical Research and Surgery - Year 2021, Vol 2, Issue 5

Abstract

Purpose: Topical steroids are considered to be the first line of treatment for some forms of idiopathic punctal stenosis causing epiphora. We present a case of epiphora, which was unresponsive to traditional management, but responded to one week of systemic steroids. Observations: A 48-year-old male with no significant medical history, was referred to us for excessive tearing. He was seen earlier by an ophthalmologist for redness in one of his eyes. He was prescribed Pataday (Olopatadine) eye drops and Zylet (Tobramycin, Lotepriol) eye drops for both eyes. The patient was seen again after a week of treatment without much improvement. His treatment was changed to Alrex (Loteprednol) and Azasite (Azithromycin) eye drops. The redness of the eye disappeared in a week but patient noticed excessive tearing of his eyes. He was referred to reconstructive ophthalmologist for treatment of possible punctal stenosis. On examination the height of tear meniscus was increased and diagnostic lacrimal probing and syringing of the lacrimal drainage system demonstrated both lacrimal drainage system patent. Punctal stenosis was diagnosed. Over the next couple of weeks, patient underwent multiple syringing of the lacrimal duct system with temporary relief of symptoms. He was also prescribed Tobradex (Tobramycin+Dexamethasone) eye drops to be used for a month. Eye drops helped for the duration of treatment but symptoms returned after a couple of days of discontinuing eye drops. Patient also received ductal probing and punctal dilation in the office without much relief. Mini perforated plugs were placed in both puncta resulting in temporary relief. At the same time the intra ocular pressure started to rise and Tobradex eye drops were discontinued immediately. After almost three months of treatment and continuation of debilitating symptoms of epiphora, patient decided to consider surgical intervention and consulted an ENT surgeon for second opinion. Since he was responding to topical steroids, which was causing an increase in his intra ocular pressure, the ENT surgeon suggested Medrol Pack (Prednisolone for a week). Patient was symptom free after 4 days of treatment and by 7th day, his eyes were back to normal with complete disappearance of epiphora symptoms. Conclusions and importance: Systemic steroids can be beneficial in patients suffering from Idiopathic/Iatrogenic punctal stenosis unresponsive to topical steroids and conventional treatments.

Authors and Affiliations

Ali Arif, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Ohio, United States; Humara Gull, Primary Care Physician, iMD Healthcare and Imaging, United States.

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP696446
  • DOI 10.52916/jmrs214056
  • Views 24
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Ali Arif, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Ohio, United States; Humara Gull, Primary Care Physician, iMD Healthcare and Imaging, United States. (2021). Epiphora; Successful Response to Systemic Steroids vs Topical Steroids. Journal of Medical Research and Surgery, 2(5), -. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-696446