LITERARY TRENDS: FOR THE PROJECT DICTIONARY OF LITERARY TRENDS IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY EUROPE AND AMERICA
Journal Title: Studia Litterarum - Year 2016, Vol 1, Issue 1
The article is the outcome of the theoretical research prepared for the encyclopedia in progress entitled Dictionary of Literary Trends in the Twentieth Century Europe and America. This is the frst such encyclopedia known to exist, with no predecessors in Russia or abroad. The encyclopedia material is organized around the term “literary trend” that defnes its specifcity. The author examines the history of this concept in Russian and Soviet literary criticism introducing a number of contraversial interpretations. A diﬀerent situation is observed in Western European and American literary studies where this theoretical problem does not seem to exist and such terms as “trend,” “movement,” and the like are seen as contingent on specifc contexts of their applicability. This pragmatic approach shall be used in the Dictionary as well. The author introduces the term “artistic community” that goes beyond the scope of individual poetics and should be used as a selective criterion for the encyclopedia material. As the work with the glossary has shown, this criterion is a verbal designation of a certain artistic community that is either coined by artists themselves or by critics. However, this criterion is not as primitive as it may seem. It implies — already in the given name or in the self-name — a number of critical operations: statement or declaration of aesthetic similarities and common aesthetic principles shared by a number of authors; their union on these grounds; a brief description of these aesthetic similarities coined in the name of the trend that is intended not only to identify a certain artistic community but also to diﬀerentiate it from others. In the case of self-naming, the recognition of the phenomenon’s value is added. However diﬀerently the names of communities are verbarly articulated, each name is informative, semantically rich, and reﬂects diﬀerent types of artistic communities discussed in the article.
Authors and Affiliations
Andrey F. Kofman
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How To Cite
Andrey F. Kofman (2016). LITERARY TRENDS: FOR THE PROJECT DICTIONARY OF LITERARY TRENDS IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY EUROPE AND AMERICA. Studia Litterarum, 1(1), -. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-26077