PHILOSOPHY OF THE RUSSIAN CRIMINAL SUBCULTURE

Journal Title: INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY JOURNAL "Web of Scholar" - Year 2017, Vol 1, Issue 2

Abstract

The criminal subculture is a subtype of the culture characterized by the standards that are opposed to the socially approved ones and associated with the breach of criminal and legal prohibitions. In a crisis people’s needs and views are distorted, and ideals are lost. The criminal community uses this situation, creates its own system of values, philosophy, which is actively instilled in society and public consciousness. The roots of the criminal subculture have the prison origin. The main philosophical idea is a rejection of social norms, relations and official institutions, it justifies and encourages a criminal way of life. This philosophy helps criminals assert themselves in their innocence and represent themselves to people as full-fledged or even heroic people, and psychological barriers make criminals insusceptible to positive views and ideas. Criminal philosophical ideas function in everyday life through communication and regulation subculture elements (nicknames, tattoos, jargon, behavioral standards, traditions and conventions, stratification of criminals). The influence of criminal philosophy reduces trust of society in law enforcement agencies, approves of lynch-law and vigilantism, disseminates ethnic and religious extremism. There are two directions of counteracting criminal philosophy. The propagation of criminal traditions and beliefs concerning necessity and feasibility of conducting a criminal lifestyle can be limited legally. On the other hand, society and the state should make an additional effort to reduce the potential punitive detention.

Authors and Affiliations

Vladimir Gennadyevich Gromov

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP457964
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How To Cite

Vladimir Gennadyevich Gromov (2017). PHILOSOPHY OF THE RUSSIAN CRIMINAL SUBCULTURE. INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY JOURNAL "Web of Scholar", 1(2), 27-31. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-457964