Erken Çocukluk Çalışmaları Dergisi

Erken Çocukluk Çalışmaları Dergisi

Basic info

  • Publisher: Türkiye Okul Öncesi Eğitimini Geliştirme Derneği
  • Country of publisher: turkey
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2018/Apr/03

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Education, Children's Studies
  • Publisher's keywords: Early Childhood Education, Children, Preschool, Childhood
  • Language of fulltext: english, turkish
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY-NC
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2017
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? True

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '25' articles

Analyzing the practices of project approaches in preschool education in terms of basic scientific process skills

Analyzing the practices of project approaches in preschool education in terms of basic scientific process skills

Authors: Sara Kefi
( 20 downloads)
Abstract

In this study, it was aimed to determine if the children were able to use basic scientific process skills in implementation of project approach in preschool education. For this purpose, the 6 projects developed by the researcher as good examples and the researcher guided teachers to carry out these projects at 4-5-6 age groups in Foça Municipality Preschool. In the study, the data acquired by document reviews of “3600 photographs, videos, pictures, conceptual relations, graphics, experiments, games, creative artworks, questionnaires, albums, parents’ involvement activities, presentation documents” and other similar documents that are gathered in beginning phase, development phase and presentation phase of the projects. The data were analyzed by content analysis in terms of basic scientific process skills. The findings obtained from the projects of “ball, plastic bag, paper, bread, clock and water” showed that children use each of the basic scientific process skills lots of time in proportion to their age groups. Also, it can be said that project studies in which preschool children are directly involved in supported them to use basic scientific process skills and based on this, the implementation of project approach included use of basic scientific process skills. Taking into account that acquiring basic scientific process skills at early ages is a prerequisite for the gaining integrated process skills in the future, it is advised frequently benefiting from implementation of project approaches containing each of basic scientific process skills.

Keywords: Project approach, scientific process skills, preschool
The relationship between the frequency of mathematical language and pedagogical mathematic content knowledge of preschool teachers

The relationship between the frequency of mathematical language and pedagogical mathematic content knowledge of preschool teachers

Authors: Nurbanu Parpucu, Serap Erdoğan
( 15 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this research is to investigate preschool teachers’ mathematical pedagogic content knowledge and the frequency of mathematical language used in the classrooms. The sample of the study is defined with purposeful sampling of two public preschools in Eskisehir. 21 preschool teachers working in these preschools were included into the study. The frequency of teachers’ using mathematical language in classroom was identified by using categories of Klibanoff and his colleagues (2006). Also, “Preschool Mathematical Pedagogic Content Knowledge Interview” was conducted with the preschool teachers. Data were analyzed with Spearman Correlation Test and Kruskal Wallis Test. The study showed that the relationship between the frequency of mathematical language of preschool teachers used in the classrooms and pedagogical mathematic content knowledge is low and nonsignificant. Teachers' pedagogical mathematic content knowledge scores and the frequency of using mathematical language did not change in terms of teacher experience. Also, while teachers preferred to use mathematical language for counting and number symbols, mathematical language for calculation was not used. When teachers’ years of experience are examined, mathematical language used in the class has been found to decrease in the first few years, and then to increase in 6-10 years and again to decrease in the following years.

Keywords: Preschool education, Mathematics education, Mathematical language, Pedagogical mathematic content knowledge, Teacher
Sustainable development for early childhood education: A review of publications in Turkey

Sustainable development for early childhood education: A review of publications in Turkey

Authors: Mehmet Toran
( 13 downloads)
Abstract

The Early childhood is a rapid period of development of human life and is considered to be the most important years of life due to acquisition of many qualifications and the permanence of these competences in the ensuing years. For this reason, the programs and practices developed for these years of education have a profound effect on children. In this context, the present research aims to evaluate the publications in the context of sustainable development for early childhood education in Turkey. The research was structured as a qualitative study because it included an evaluation according to certain criteria for publications, and document analysis method was used. The data set of the study constitutes publications originating in Turkey on sustainable development for early childhood education. Content analysis was performed by creating categories according to qualitative research methods of the research data set and qualitative analysis of document review publications. The analysis of the data set of the research demonstrates that there is few research studies conducted, however; in recent years, the number of research studies has dramatically increased in number, and a large majority of these studies are in the form of papers that aim to examine the level of awareness. In addition, it has been determined that the research on which the children are identified as the sample is high and both quantitative and qualitative research methods are frequently used.

Keywords: Early childhood education, sustainable development, sustainable development for early childhood education
Parents of preschoolers’ usage of television program rating symbols and their protective ways from television

Parents of preschoolers’ usage of television program rating symbols and their protective ways from television

Authors: Çağla Banko, Tülay İlhan, Fatime Şallı
( 13 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this study is detecting parent’s, who have 3-6 ages of children, knowledge and usage level of these systems, and their protective ways for TV. Research sample was formed by 130 mothers in qualiatative part of the study and 8 mothers in quantitative part of the study. In this study, which include both quantitative and qualitative methods, semi-structured interview form and survey were used. For the evaluation of qualitative data, ANOVA and t-test were used. The relationship between parents’ awareness level and program rating symbols usage level was revealed by correlation analysis. The evaluation of quantitative data was carried out with content analysis. Findings show that participants mostly know television content rating systems except symbol used for negative behaviours. Moreover, usage level and children guidance level of participants are generally high. Participant’s education level was the only effective variable of the study. Post hoc test showed that and their awareness and guidance level. After qualitative analyzes it is found that families use television on the purpose of entertainment and education. Parents thought that TV includes negative sample behaviors and parents protect their children from negative effects of TV by controlling their watching.

Keywords: Program rating symbols, television, preschool
Examining the gardens of the preschool education institutions

Examining the gardens of the preschool education institutions

Authors: Maide Orçan Kaçan, Medera Halmatov, Olcay Kartaltepe
( 13 downloads)
Abstract

In the study, it is aimed to reveal current features and practices of the gardens of the preschool education institutions, the obstacles to being qualified gardens in the schools and professional trainings related to the gardens which the teachers want to participate in. The population of the study consists of the teachers working in preschool education institutions in 2014-2015 academic years. The sample of the study consists of 56 preschool teachers who have been willing to participate in the study in the preschool education institutions under the Ministry of National Education which have been selected randomly from the population. The study is a survey study, and a questionnaire form has been prepared by the researchers by investigating related domestic and foreign literature to analyze the views of the teachers related to gardens. The questionnaire form consisted of sections like general information, garden features and applications of the schools, obstacles to gardens in the schools, professional trainings related to garden that the teachers want to participate in. In the analysis of the data obtained in the direction of the goals of the study, frequency and percentage distribution from descriptive statistical techniques have been used. As a result of the research, it was determined that half of the schools had the garden and the other half did not have the garden. Teachers have stated that the majority of school gardens use grasses, wild habitats and ornamental plants, use more than half of the school gardens for activities, and that these activities are mostly play, movement, science and field trips. The majority of teachers reported budget deficiencies and inadequate space as obstacles to the quality gardening of schools. In addition, they reported that the majority of them want to participate in professional training fields related to garden-based teaching such as outdoor classroom management, language and math, nutrition, science and English education in the garden.

Keywords: Preschool education institutions, school gardens, preschool education
The discourse of early childhood education and fashioning of modern mothers

The discourse of early childhood education and fashioning of modern mothers

Authors: Ziya Toprak
( 13 downloads)
Abstract

This study analyzes the discourse of early childhood education and the role of pedagogy in fashioning modern mothers. This focus of this study is Mother Child Education Foundation (MCEF); as a pioneer, non-governmental organization in the field of early childhood education. It analyzes the imaginary of MCEF, which opens up a “space of intervention” and is articulated through discourses of the normal development of children and modernizing motherhood. The analyses of this study consist of two parts. In the first part, the official social imaginary of MCEF as civil society organization is interpreted. In the process of interpretation, I problematized the projects and techniques deployed in MCEF programs via using analytical tools provided by governmentality studies. Second part of the analyses is concerned with MCEF’s Mother Child Education Program (MOCEP) as a mechanism to fashion modern mother.

Keywords: Early childhood education, discourse analyses, modernization, non-governmental organization
The examination of toys used in illustrated children's books

The examination of toys used in illustrated children's books

Authors: Aytaç Dilek
( 14 downloads)
Abstract

As all other stimulants surrounding the children in their belief and perspective developments, the books also have a big importance. Explicit and subliminal messages presented to the children on the books have affected the children’s perspective and attitude in regard to the world. This study has been done with the aim of identifying the toys which have been illustrated or shown in the text of illustrated children’s books for children aged 3-6. This study has been done with qualitative research. Content analysis method which is one of the qualitative methods has been used. In the research 200 illustrated children’s books have been reviewed and 28 books of them which have toy concept have built data set. The research has been qualified with illustrated storybooks for children aged 3-6 and the writer’s books published before September 2015. With the aim of data collection, the research has been constituted by identifying the toy concept and its kinds in literature review. The result showed that toys used within the books by considering gender, and using boys with cars and marbles, using girls with dolls and stuffed toys within texts and within pictures causes gender stereotype. Using Building Toys very little within both the text and the pictures causes deficiency since they are used as an example for the kids.

Keywords: Children, Children’s Literature, Illustrated Stories, Toy
What do parents of young children expect from preschool directors? A comparison of parental and managerial expectations

What do parents of young children expect from preschool directors? A comparison of parental and managerial expectations

Authors: Rahşan Polat Yaman, Mesut Saçkes
( 13 downloads)
Abstract

This study aimed to examine the parental expectations from preschool management and the perception of parental expectations by the managers. The research sample consisted of 927 parents (mother-father) who has been residing within Balıkesir central districts (Karesi and Altıeylül) boundaries, and whose children have benefitted the pre-school education service in the state funded independent kindergartens. The data collection tool was developed to be used in this study by the researchers. The first part of the tool was designed to aggregate demographic information about participants. The scale in the second part consisted of a total of 18 items and four sub-scales (Communication and Accessibility, Health and Safety, Physical Resources, and Education) targeting the expectations of parents from the school management. The Confirmatory Factor Analysis (DFA) was performed to examine construct validity of the scale. The mean scores parents and school managers obtained from the subscales of Expectations from Kindergarten Management Scale were analyzed using the MANOVA test. The results demonstrated that parental expectations from kindergarten management differ based on their gender. Mother had significantly higher scores from two subscales (Communication and Accessibility and Health and Safety) than fathers did. The results indicated no statistically significant difference in the mean scores of kindergarten managers. A comparison of parents’ and managers’ mean scores indicated that kindergarten managers obtained higher scores on the Physical Resources subscale than the parents.

Keywords: Pre-school education, managers’ expectations, parental expectations
Review of children's perspective on material value level in the early childhood period in terms of some variables

Review of children's perspective on material value level in the early childhood period in terms of some variables

Authors: Füsun Yıldızbaş
( 13 downloads)
Abstract

In this study, the purpose is to determine children's perspective on material value level in the early childhood period and to review it in terms of demographical variables. Descriptive survey method is used. Study group of the study consists of 96 students in total, 46 of them are 2nd grade students in a private school in Beylikdüzü district and 50 of them are 2nd grade students in Büyükçekmece district in a public elementary school in İstanbul. "Material Values Scale for Children" is used to determine the children's perspective on material values level and the survey form which consists of demographical information that includes 6 questions as the data collection tool is used in the study. The scale consists of 18 items that are three-dimensional and 4-likert-type in total. To analyse the data, ‘t’ test and ANOVA are used; “Scheffle” multiple comparison test is applied. Consequently, it has been seen that there is a significant difference between score averages in the level of importance children give to the material values according to their genders, type of the school in which they receive education, education situation of their fathers and monthly average income level of their families. No significant difference is found between values according to the number of siblings, birth order and the education level of the mother.

Keywords: Early childhood period, material values, demographical variables
Assessing pre-schoolers’ narrative skills

Assessing pre-schoolers’ narrative skills

Authors: Nektarios Stellakis, Georgios Galanis
( 12 downloads)
Abstract

This paper refers to a research conducted in the region of Patra, Achaia in Greece in spring 2016. Its purpose was a) the assessment of pre-schoolers’ narrative skills and b) the examination of its possible correlation with family sociocultural background. The participants were 32 children of the higher level of age in preschool education (5-6 years old), picked up from 2 different public kindergartens, equally separated in terms of gender and social background. Children were called to produce oral retellings of a book that had previously been read to them. Their texts were recorded and analysed according to "The Story Pyramid Framework". The findings of the research seem to confirm that there is a strong and intense correlation between pre-schoolers’ narrative skills and their sociocultural background. Children that come from more privileged social backgrounds produced more integrated narratives than their peers who come from less privileged family contexts, while no significant differences were observed between genders.

Keywords: Decontextualized language, retelling, narrative, early literacy, sociocultural background
Investigation of parenting attitudes of parents whose children are at preschool age

Investigation of parenting attitudes of parents whose children are at preschool age

Authors: Erhan Alabay
( 13 downloads)
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine parental attitudes of parents with children between 48-72 months old, depending upon different variables while they are raising their children. Out of quantitative research patterns, descriptive survey model was used in the research. As data collecting tool, Parental Attitude Scale (PAS), developed by Demir and Şendil (2008) and which consists of 46 items in total and determines democratic, authoritative, overprotective, and permissive attitudes of parents in raising children was used. The sample of the research was composed of 422 parents who were selected in accordance with random sampling method and residing in İstanbul Province, Pendik District. Within context of the research, gender of parents, educational background, average income, family structure, number of children, whether or not they joined a seminar on pediatric development, the amount of time they spend with their child and the gender of the child were determined as independent variables and it was examined, based on these independent variables, whether there is a significant difference in parental attitude points which are dependent variables. In the analysis of data obtained from the research, it was concluded that non-employed parents are relatively more protective than employed parents, the fact that parents joined a seminar on pediatric development decreased the authoritative and overprotective attitude average points and parents adopted a more authoritative manner towards boys compared to girls. Also, in line with research findings, a significant difference was detected on parental attitude scale sub-dimension points depending on the independent variables of parents’ ages, educational background, income level and number of children.

Keywords: Parent, parental attitudes, preschool, child
An evaluation of architectural structural diagram of independent kindergartens buildings

An evaluation of architectural structural diagram of independent kindergartens buildings

Authors: Zeynep Temiz
( 13 downloads)
Abstract

This study equipped with the purpose of investigating problems originated from architectural structural diagram in independent kindergartens. Fourteen Independent Pre-school principals working in Van- Turkey participated in this study. All of them were asked to draw a sketch showing shortcoming of their schools in terms of architectural structural diagram. They were also asked to suggest amendment on their school’s structural scheme to make school building more efficient to meet young children’s and staffs’ needs. To collect data all of the principals were given A3 size papers. Some of the principals draw their schools’ sketch some of them add their schools’ structural plan and make changes and take notes on those plans. After collecting all sketches document analysis was utilized for the current study. Findings of this study revealed that principals have been experiencing several problems because of structure of school buildings. All of the principals working in star-building type kindergarten declared that this school type is not appropriate for eastern region and it has many drawbacks to efficiently educate young children. The main themes emerged from this study are heating, access of children with special needs, storage and space problems.

Keywords: Independent kindergartens, school buildings, architectural structure diagram
Child participation awareness scale (CPAS): Scale development, reliability and validity study

Child participation awareness scale (CPAS): Scale development, reliability and validity study

Authors: Berrak Deniz Polat, Özlem Alkan Ersoy, Mehmet Toran
( 14 downloads)
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to develop a scale for the purpose of determining the views of students in the Child Development and Preschool Teaching Department regarding the right to participate in the context of children's rights. Firstly, 98-article measurement tool which created by scanning the literature was sent to 7 experts. In the light of comments and opinions, 43 articles were passed on the scale, 2 articles added, 10 articles are arranged in line with the suggestions, the articles are ranked according to their degree of similarity and a 5-point 55 article likert-type scale pre-form was created. The draft scale consisting of 55 articles was applied to total of 481 volunteer students of departments of Child Development and Preschool Teaching at two foundation universities in Istanbul during 2016-2017 academic year spring term. In the scale development process, various analyses such as exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, reliability analysis, test-retest were conducted. As a result of these various analyses applied in the scale development process, the Child Participation Awareness Scale consisting of 18 articles and 5 subscales proves that; the scale is valid and reliable in determining the opinions departments of Child Development and Preschool Teacher students regarding the right to participate in the context of children's rights.

Keywords: Children's rights, right for participation, scale development
Examination of the social problem solving skills of preschool children in terms of various variables

Examination of the social problem solving skills of preschool children in terms of various variables

Authors: Şuheda Bozkurt Yükçü, Haktan Demircioğlu
( 13 downloads)
Abstract

The purpose of this research is to examine preschool children's social problem solving skills in terms of various variables. The population of the study consisted of parents and their children between the ages four-six years who attend independent kindergartens located in Çankaya county of Ankara during the 2015-2016 academic year. The sample of the study selected by simple random sampling method, consisted of 240 parents and their children between the ages four-six years who attend independent kindergartens located in Çankaya counties of Ankara during the 2015-2016 academic year. In this study conducted by descriptive screenning model, General Information Form and Wally Child Social Problem Solving Detective Game Test were used. Kruskal Wallis-H Test, Independent Groups T Test, One Way Anova were used to analyze of data. According to the results of this study, social problem solving skills of children differ based on child’s age but do not differ based on gender, number of siblings, montly income, parents’s age, educational status and working status. The findings were discussed and interpreted within the scope of the literature.

Keywords: Preschool, social problem solving, child development
Investigation of the effect of play-based environmental activities on the environmental awareness of preschool children

Investigation of the effect of play-based environmental activities on the environmental awareness of preschool children

Authors: Nesrin Akbayrak, Nalan Kuru Turaşlı
( 13 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this research is to understand the effects play-based learning activities on the environmental awareness of preschool children. As the research consists of the effect of learning activities on children, a single-case study (type 1) from qualitative studies was used. Sampling children were from a middle social-economic level public elementary school in Nilufer, Bursa. There were 15 children who were aged 5-6. In the research, the data was collected by a half-structured interviewing method and content analysis and descriptive analysis methods were used for the analysis. The result of the data analysis showed that the activities supported children's environmental awareness and they widened their point of views.

Keywords: Pre-school education, environmental awareness, environment

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