Incidence and distribution of congenital malformations in newborns at a tertiary teaching hospital in Kolhapur Maharashtra

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2017, Vol 4, Issue 1

Abstract

Background: According to the World Health Organization (WHO) document of 1972, the term congenital malformations should be confined to structural defects at birth. Aims and Objectives: To study Incidence and Distribution of Congenital Malformations in Newborns at a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Kolhapur Maharashtra. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in the Department of Pediatrics at the Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Kolhapur Maharashtra during the Year January 2015 to December 2015. All the Neonates who were delivered at this hospital at OBGY department. All the neonates were examined and detail clinical histories was noted and were screened for the all congenital anomaly that can be detected clinically only was recorded. From this the incidence of congenital anomaly was calculated. Result: The incidence of congenital anomalies were 1.32% Incidence of congenital anomalies/1000 births was 13.2 %.The most common system affected was CNS 0-38.35% followed by GIT-28.76%; Musculo-Skeletal 15.06%; ENT -6.84%; GUT-6.84%; Opthalmology-4.10% and most common anomaly found was Meningomyelocele, Bilateral cleft lip and cleft palate, Congenital Talipesequinovarus, Micro-otia, Hypospadiasis, Anopthalmos respectively in systems. Conclusion: In our study we have seen incidence of congenital anomalies were 1.32% Incidence of congenital anomalies/1000 births was 13.2 %The most common system affected was CNS followed by GIT, Musculo-Skeletal, ENT, GUT, Ophthalmologyand most common anomaly found was Meningomyelocele, Bilateral cleft lip and cleft palate, Congenital Talipesequinovarus, Micro-otia, Hypospadiasis, Anopthalmosrespectively insystems.

Authors and Affiliations

Bhushan A Miraje, Uday A Miraje, Amar V Naik, Meghana G Kamble

Keywords

Related Articles

Comparison of variation in body temperature between standard care and kangaroo mother care after sponge bath in stable preterm neonates

Objective: To determine the impact of kangaroo mother care after sponge bathing on thermoregulation in stable preterm neonates admitted in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Methods: This prospective comparative study was...

Prevalence of bacterial illness in child presenting with first simple febrile seizure

Background: Febrile convulsion is a most common convulsive disorder of childhood and comprising of frequent visits in emergency department. The issue of whether a well appearing child presenting with an FSFS is at increa...

Epidemiological profile of obesity in mid school children

Background: Epidemiologyof obesity in early adolescent is multifactorial and involves diverse interactions between genetic, metabolic, neuroendocrine, psychological, environmental and socio-cultural factors.Objectives:To...

Clinical profile of children with ventilator associated pneumonia

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit and is associated with major morbidity and attributable mortality. Strategies to prevent VAP are likely to be succe...

Reliability and validity of clinical signs for anemia detection in school children

Anemia is widely prevalent in developing world and also is a public health challenge in India. It is a serious concern because it can result in impaired cognitive performance, behavioural and motor development, coordinat...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP260248
  • DOI -
  • Views 190
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Bhushan A Miraje, Uday A Miraje, Amar V Naik, Meghana G Kamble (2017). Incidence and distribution of congenital malformations in newborns at a tertiary teaching hospital in Kolhapur Maharashtra. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 4(1), 1-4. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-260248