Incidence and distribution of congenital malformations in newborns at a tertiary teaching hospital in Kolhapur Maharashtra

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2017, Vol 4, Issue 1

Abstract

Background: According to the World Health Organization (WHO) document of 1972, the term congenital malformations should be confined to structural defects at birth. Aims and Objectives: To study Incidence and Distribution of Congenital Malformations in Newborns at a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Kolhapur Maharashtra. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in the Department of Pediatrics at the Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Kolhapur Maharashtra during the Year January 2015 to December 2015. All the Neonates who were delivered at this hospital at OBGY department. All the neonates were examined and detail clinical histories was noted and were screened for the all congenital anomaly that can be detected clinically only was recorded. From this the incidence of congenital anomaly was calculated. Result: The incidence of congenital anomalies were 1.32% Incidence of congenital anomalies/1000 births was 13.2 %.The most common system affected was CNS 0-38.35% followed by GIT-28.76%; Musculo-Skeletal 15.06%; ENT -6.84%; GUT-6.84%; Opthalmology-4.10% and most common anomaly found was Meningomyelocele, Bilateral cleft lip and cleft palate, Congenital Talipesequinovarus, Micro-otia, Hypospadiasis, Anopthalmos respectively in systems. Conclusion: In our study we have seen incidence of congenital anomalies were 1.32% Incidence of congenital anomalies/1000 births was 13.2 %The most common system affected was CNS followed by GIT, Musculo-Skeletal, ENT, GUT, Ophthalmologyand most common anomaly found was Meningomyelocele, Bilateral cleft lip and cleft palate, Congenital Talipesequinovarus, Micro-otia, Hypospadiasis, Anopthalmosrespectively insystems.

Authors and Affiliations

Bhushan A Miraje, Uday A Miraje, Amar V Naik, Meghana G Kamble

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP260248
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How To Cite

Bhushan A Miraje, Uday A Miraje, Amar V Naik, Meghana G Kamble (2017). Incidence and distribution of congenital malformations in newborns at a tertiary teaching hospital in Kolhapur Maharashtra. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 4(1), 1-4. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-260248