International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis

Basic info

  • Publisher: IJMRA
  • Country of publisher: united states
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2020/Jun/24

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Engineering, Technological Change, Health science, Economics, Social Sciences, Mathematics, Education, Biological Sciences
  • Publisher's keywords: Engineering, Technology, Multidisciplinary, Economics, Education
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License:
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: No
  • Year open access content began: 2018
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

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This journal has '110' articles

Spiritual Health of Patients Visiting Jahrom Honari Clinic in 2016

Spiritual Health of Patients Visiting Jahrom Honari Clinic in 2016

Authors: Gholamreza Nad1,Tahere Abdian, Mansoor Darvishi Tafvizi, Mohammad Hossein Modabber, Navid Kalani
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 01
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Abstract

Introduction and Objective: Spiritual health is an integral component of health with a significant impact on physical and mental health. Spirituality facilitates coping with the adverse effects and complications of diseases. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate spiritual health of patients visiting Jahrom Honari Clinic. Method: This was a descriptive-analytical study on 384 patients visiting Jahrom Honari Clinic in 2016. A demographic questionnaire and Spiritual Health Questionnaire (developed by Freydoun Azaizi)) were used to collect the required data, the validity and reliability of the latter has been confirmed in Iran. Data was analyzed using SPSS, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Mann- Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis statistical tests. Findings: The results showed that women enjoyed greater spiritual health than men. The Mann-Whitney U test results showed a statistically significant difference between gender and spiritual health (p<0.05). Spiritual health was also higher in more educated, older (51 to 100 years of age), and married people as well as in housewives (p<0.05). However, no significant difference was found between the mean spiritual health scores in terms of place of residence (urban and rural areas of Jahrom). The mean spiritual health score of patients was higher in cognitive/behavioral dimension than behavioral dimension. Conclusion: Acceptance of disease, adaptation and treatment process are facilitated by highlighting various health dimensions, phonariicularly spirituality, in patients given their demographic characteristics. Health care officials should pay specific attention to this factor.

Keywords: Spiritual health, Patients, Clinic.
Self-Care of Patients with Vascular Access for Hemodialysis

Self-Care of Patients with Vascular Access for Hemodialysis

Authors: Gabriela Montes Hernández, Juan Manuel Sánchez Soto, Magally Martinez Reyes, Anabelem Soberanes Martín
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 02
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Abstract

The present study evaluated the self-care of patients with vascular access to hemodialysis of a second level Hospital in Mexico from a biopsychosocial perspective. It is a qualitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study where patients applied a semistructured instrument of 22 questions based on five areas: autoacceptation, social relationship, activity/rest, hygiene and eating habits in the liker scale With a Chronbach alpha of 0803. Where it was found that the patients show a deficit of self care with the 55% was inadequate in the area of activity/rest, according to the questions the 90% are tired, 45% stressed and the 25% carry out activities of effort, by the poor knowledge in those exercises that you can perform and these should be suitable for the improvement of its current state.

Keywords: Hemodialysis, Nursing Care, Vascular Access
Exploring Privacy Management and Disclosure on Facebook: A Communication Privacy Management Theory Approach

Exploring Privacy Management and Disclosure on Facebook: A Communication Privacy Management Theory Approach

Authors: Zuoming Wang, Camille A. Hall, Keturi D. Beatty, Bethany Petty
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 02
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Abstract

This study applied Communication Privacy Management theory (CPM, Petronio, 2002) to the context of Facebook. It explored how gender and potential profile viewers influence the privacy management tendencies of Facebook profile owners. Results showed that women were more stringent in the information they shared with profile viewers than men in general. Participants indicated different level of self-disclosure and privacy concern, and reported to reveal different amount of information based on the potential viewer. Participants revealed the least amount of information when they think a stranger is viewing their profile. They disclosed the most amount of information when the classmate is the viewer. These findings support two of Petronio’s (2002) criteria for boundary rules: gender and motivation, and provide practical implications for Facebook. By using CPM as a lens for interpreting the results, the present study broadens the field of utilizing CPM as an evaluative tool for social networking sites.

Keywords: privacy management, online disclosure, social networking sites, communication privacy management theory
Effectives of Religious Initiated Programmes in curbing HIV/AIDS pandemic in Kenya: Some Selected programmes in Meru South Sub-county

Effectives of Religious Initiated Programmes in curbing HIV/AIDS pandemic in Kenya: Some Selected programmes in Meru South Sub-county

Authors: Dr. Dickson Nkonge Kagema, Lucy Mutare Mathai
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 02
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Abstract

Over the years, HIV and AIDS pandemic has brought enormous burden upon the lives of many people throughout the world. Since the first cases of AIDS were identified in 1981, millions of people have lost their lives. An estimated 70 million people are living with HIV and AIDS by now and more than 35 million people have died. As the burden of HIV and AIDS increases in different communities of the world, new organizations are being formed to help curb its impact. Kenya has about 1.6 million people living with HIV and AIDS and in 1999 it was declared a national disaster. It is in response to this that many development partners including the religious organizations, the government and NGOs came up with programmes to fight the scourge, yet there seems to be little success as new infections continue to be experienced. Christianity being the religion followed by the majority of the Kenyans and the Church being the most trusted institution has not been left behind as efforts to curb this pandemic is are made. This study assessed the effectiveness of Church based initiated programmes in curbing HIV/AIDS in Kenya. Selected programmes in Meru South Sub-County were used for the purpose of this study. These were Redeemed Gospel Church, Presbyterian Church of East Africa, Salvation Army Church and Baptist Church. The target population was 1040 subjects comprising 1000 Church members and 40 beneficiaries. The Church ministers/pastors were our key informants. Data was collected using questionnaires, interview schedule and focus group discussions. Systematic random sampling procedure was used to select 100 Church members. Beneficiaries of the HIV and AIDS programmes initiated by the Church were obtained using snowball sampling method. The findings were that the selected programmes provided services such as HIV prevention education, orphan care, support of people living with and personally affected by HIV and AIDS, prevention activities that involved campaigns, and caring for the affected and infected. The programmes were found out to be successful particularly in supporting the people orphaned by HIV and AIDS, reducing stigma, organizing training, seminars and workshops, conducting voluntary counselling and testing among others. They were found to be effective in curbing HIV and AIDS, though they face the challenge of lack of adequate funding. There was also lack of trained personnel which hamper the effective implementation of these programmes. If the government, Church, development partners and other well wishers support these religious iniated programmes the war against HIV/AIDS pandemic can be easily worn as they are effective.

Keywords: Kenya, Meru South, Religious Initiated Programmes, Church, HIV/AIDS
Dynamics of Political Modernity in Lyautey’s Colonial Matrix of Power: the Rise of a Post-colonial Interweaving Performance Culture of Denial

Dynamics of Political Modernity in Lyautey’s Colonial Matrix of Power: the Rise of a Post-colonial Interweaving Performance Culture of Denial

Authors: Mariem Khmiri
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 02
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Abstract

Things do move either because of globalization or colonialism. And as they move, they tend to acquire news identities. I would like to maintain that the movement of things, images, objects and collections accelerates the process of interweaving cultures that has started to impose itself as a principal determining factor of our cultures and identities today. In my presentation,1 I will examine the movement of French things and institutions to Morocco during colonial times as well as the impact of this movement on the Moroccan theatrical institution.

Keywords: Political Modernity
Problems of Tribal Education in India: A Study from a Village of Jharkhand, West Bengal

Problems of Tribal Education in India: A Study from a Village of Jharkhand, West Bengal

Authors: Arup Majumder
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 02
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Abstract

This paper attempts to examine and understand the low literacy level and education among Bhumij tribal community in the state of Jharkhand, India. The paper discusses the present scenario of educational level of Bhumij Tribal community as well as the role of government institutions and their programmes and the link between education and development. Various programmes and schemes have been initiated but very few of them have reached the tribal children and benefited them. Many of the programmes did not benefit the tribal community because the programmes were not contextualized and localized considering regional, geographical and physical differences and barriers. Other reasons of not getting the benefits of the programs by the tribals are lack of political will, corruption, and lesser attention on development of tribal areas. The paper highlights the need for special focus on tribal education, which is includes context specific traditional and innovative interventions.

Keywords: Education, Enrolment, Literacy, Tribes, Bhumij, Educational Development Project.
Nonverbal Communication (NVC) Modes As Survival Antics For Informal Traders: A Case Study Of ‘Chitima’ (Train) Market Centre Of Masvingo Town.

Nonverbal Communication (NVC) Modes As Survival Antics For Informal Traders: A Case Study Of ‘Chitima’ (Train) Market Centre Of Masvingo Town.

Authors: Jabulani Moyo, Prof. Jairos Gonye
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 02
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Abstract

This research investigates how the informal traders at the Dr Grace Mugabe Market Centre [formerly the Garikayi Market Centre] in Masvingo town, Zimbabwe, popularly known as ‘Chitima’ (Train) Market Centre, utilise nonverbal communication modes as antics in their business transactions. The population of the study comprises all informal traders at the market centre who trade in various wares ranging from perishables and other food items to clothes and electrical goods. The study uses observation and interview to collect data. The study establishes that nonverbal communication is part of the natural advertising and marketing antics of most informal traders, though not all informal traders at ‘Chitima’ are conscious of the potential of nonverbal communication, while others may use it unconsciously in their transactions. Accordingly, the study recommends that the natural advertising and marketing talent of the informal traders could be exploited and perfected through formalised grooming.

Keywords: Informal trader, Chitima, Nonverbal communication, Antics.
Marks of Discipleship in African Christianity: Lessons from Mary

Marks of Discipleship in African Christianity: Lessons from Mary

Authors: Dickson Nkonge Kagema
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 02
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Abstract

Following Christ is an obligatory task of every Christian. It is undertaking an endless spiritual journey regardless of the hiccups one faces on the way. This paper discusses the essence of discipleship using Mary as an example. Mary was a young Jewish woman betrothed to Joseph, and was from the insignificant town of Nazareth. She came from a very humble family background. She therefore did not have great expectations in life. But her exceptional character exemplified by her love and service to God, humility, faithfulness, dedication and determination made her adopt the title Theotokos (mother of God), a prestigious title prayed for by every Jewish woman. God chose her to bear his son, Jesus, the saviour of the world. This way, she became the first disciple of Christ. Following Christ has many challenges, but in all her desperation Mary said ‘Yes to God’ and followed Christ without turning back, following him up to the foot of his cross. Mary thus became the channel of God’s grace to humanity. Mary is therefore the model of discipleship in the Church, especially here in Africa where the Church is making converts and not disciples. Christians must know that like Mary, they are Christ’s bearers in the world. Following Christ is a lifelong process where one surrenders all for the sake of Christ. Discipleship comes at the second hour. In the first hour Christ reveals himself to us and calls us to follow him. In the second hour we make a stark decision to follow him regardless of the obstacles on the way.

Keywords: Discipleship, Marks of Discipleship, African Christianity, Mary
Evaluation and Design of Most Efficient Irrigation System Forwater Scare Region

Evaluation and Design of Most Efficient Irrigation System Forwater Scare Region

Authors: Khan Mujiburrehman
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

This paper presents a case study fordesign of most efficient landscape irrigation system for a public park located in Aziziya, Holy Makkah. The Aziziya Park (Khataten Garden) is spread in an area of 4.43 hectares and located in between the main roads of heavy traffic. The Aziziya Park provides the families, children, old age people and fitness enthusiastic an atmosphere to relax, walk and enjoy. The Aziziya Park (Khataten Garden) which is always full house plays very important role in recreational activities for residents and visitors of Holy Makkah. The widespread amount of greenery spread in park requires huge amount of water daily to keep it green and pleasant to eyes. The park has some patches where plant/grass has died due to supply of water less than required. Holy Makkah receives around 10 million pilgrims annually which put enormous pressure on water authority. Thus study is made to evaluate the most efficient technique to irrigate the water. The study shows that rain water and TSE water effectively can be used for irrigation without any water required from water authority.

Keywords: Land coefficient (KL), TSE (grey water), Landscape irrigation, Drip and sprinkler.
Specific Inadequate Nutrition and Acute Myocardial Infarction in NIS, Serbia

Specific Inadequate Nutrition and Acute Myocardial Infarction in NIS, Serbia

Authors: Zorana Deljanin
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 01
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Abstract

Introduction/Aim. Epidemiological investigation of risk factors for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) does not work is to primarily find new risk factors, as they have already identified a few hundred, but to investigate the representation in that area, in order to take appropriate preventive measures that could stop the further growth of diseased and dying from this disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the unhealthy nutrition as risk factor for acute myocardial infarction in examined population. Methods. A casecontrol study with 155 patients with a first myocardial infarction and 155 controls, matched with respect to sex and age (± 2 years) from the city of Niš, was used. Data was obtained throught the epidemiological questionnaire. Results. Number of servings (p=0,009), eating pieces of bread, white bread, consuming the meat and meat products more than 3 times per week (p for trend for all <0,001), eating fried foods, sweets and higher intake of eggs, as roasted as boiled was significantly higher in patients (p<0,001). Regular intake of food (p<0,001), eating dairy products (p<0,001), fresh fruit (p<0,001), and fresh vegetables (p<0,001) is significantly more often in healthy subjects. The use of fat was even in childhood in both groups (72,50% respectively 71,80%), but before disease, it was significantly more often in patients (p<0,001) as well as the use of oil (p<0,001). In the univariate model, as the strongest independent risk factor was the irregular nutrition (OR 14,217, p<0,001), used meat products more than 3 times a week (OR 9,525, p<0,001) and fried foods (OR 8,868, p<0,001). As a protective factor, frequent use of fresh vegetables (OR 0,333, p<0,001) and fresh fruit (OR 0,511, p=0,004). In the multivariate model as the strongest risk factor was the irregular nutrition (OR 47,839, p<0,001) and the use of the meat more than 3 times per week (OR 38,925, p<0,001). Conclusion. These findings are very important for further epidemiological research and should improve preventive strategies of this serious disorder in different geografical areas.

Keywords: unhealthy nutrition; acute myocardial infarction; case-control study.
Palm Oil Marketing As Veritable Enterprise for Poverty Reduction and Women Empowerment in South South States of Nigeria

Palm Oil Marketing As Veritable Enterprise for Poverty Reduction and Women Empowerment in South South States of Nigeria

Authors: Ayawari D.T., Nwankwo N.T.O., Ugwumba C.O.A., Ugbaja M.O.
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 01
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Abstract

The status of gender mainstreaming, profitability, determinants of profit, market structure, marketing efficiency and constraints to palm oil marketing by the intermediaries in the South-South states of Nigeria informed this study. Multistage and random sampling methods were used to select 200 marketers (50 wholesalers and 150 retailers) who were issued structured questionnaires to obtain primary data. Descriptive statistics, budgetary technique, Sherpherd-Futrell and multiple regression methods were used to analyze the data. Results indicated female dominance (84%) at the retail level and male dominance (62%) at the wholesale level while 76.6% of the respondents funded the business from personal savings. Gini coefficient indices of 0.341, 0.256 and 0.214 for producers/suppliers, wholesalers and retailers respectively reflected evidence of a fairly competitive market. Lowest monthly mean wholesale and retail marketing margins of N2,500 and N1,800 per 20litre jerry-can respectively were common in the markets. Marketing efficiency levels of 50.5% and 70.7% were attained by the wholesalers and retailers respectively. Net marketing income, return on investment, net return on investment and gross ratio of N6,216,100 and N4,109,400; 1.98 and1.42; 0.98 and 0.41; 0.51 and 0.71 for wholesalers and retailers respectively proved the business profitable at both levels. Type of intermediary, marketing cost and price of product statistically and significantly influenced net marketing income earned by the respondents while age, gender, marital status, household size, and marketing experience were not significant. Palm oil marketing in the area was majorly constrained by high cost of transportation, inadequate capital and poor sales for wholesalers; lack of access to capital, poor sales and high cost of transportation for retailers. Government and other development agencies should build new model markets, rebuild/expand old markets, and provide good road network so as to reduce cost of marketing, hence improve marketing efficiency and profit. The palm oil marketers especially women should form cooperatives in order to access cheap credit facilities, enjoy other benefits of cooperation and empower themselves.

Keywords: Palm oil; Profitability; Women empowerment; South south; Nigeria.
Performance of the Growth Enhancement Support Scheme (G.E.S.S.) Among Food Crop Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria

Performance of the Growth Enhancement Support Scheme (G.E.S.S.) Among Food Crop Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria

Authors: Enemchukwu, D.C., Ugwumba, C.O.A. , Okeke, Uche
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 01
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Abstract

The Growth Enhancement Support Scheme was an innovative scheme which seeks to remove the difficulties usually associated with the distribution of fertilizer and improved seeds in the country. In the past, there were complaints of diversion, exorbitant cost and adulteration of various inputs, which ultimately led to low productivity, increased poverty, unemployment and lack of interest in farming. This work evaluated the performance of the scheme among food crop farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria by estimating and comparing annual incomes, establishing determinants of the farmers’ annual incomes before and after joining the scheme and identifying constraints to implementation of the scheme. Primary data were collected using questionnaires which were administered to 200 respondents selected by multistage and random sampling methods. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings indicated mean age of the farmers as 47 years and average farm size of 0.7 hectare. The farmers realized mean annual incomes of N433,974.87 and N717,796.48 before and after joining the scheme respectively. There was significant difference between mean annual incomes of the farmers before and after joining the scheme. Farm size and educational level significantly influenced the farmers’ annual incomes both before and after joining the scheme. Constraints to implementation of the scheme arranged in descending order of seriousness were: stress farmers go through in redeeming agro-inputs, less quantity of agro-inputs supplied, late release of government funds, mobile phone and network failures and poor farmers’ registration process. Farm visit and assessment during farmers registration process, establishment of fertilizer blending plants in the six geopolitical zones of the country and adoption of one-check approach by crediting the farmers’ accounts with the value of subsidy will ensure improved performance and sustainability of the scheme.

Keywords: Performance; Determinants; Constraints; G.E.S.S; Anambra State, Nigeria
Community, Not Nation

Community, Not Nation

Authors: Kuang-ming Wu
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 01
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Abstract

We applaud with honor the killer-nation for no legitimate reason. We disdain as kid-stuff the playfully personal community in critical dialogues, self-forgotten. The fact is precisely the reverse. We ought to cherish natural community as we leave killer-nation.

Keywords: killing, honor, loyalty, play, critical dialogue, child
Examining Consumer Perception on Alcoholic Brands - A Case Study of Guinness Cameroon SA and Les Brassseries Du Cameroun Alcoholic Brands in Fako Division

Examining Consumer Perception on Alcoholic Brands - A Case Study of Guinness Cameroon SA and Les Brassseries Du Cameroun Alcoholic Brands in Fako Division

Authors: Evaristus Nyong Abam, Dr. Tanyi Bedolf Epey
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 01
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Abstract

Keeping your employees motivated is the key to delivering great service that keeps customers coming back to your business, regardless of which industry you operate in and thus giving the business the time needed to develop its brand awareness. In most cases, this process does not happen overnight while the ultimate goal is for the company to identify the success level of brand awareness campaigns, the business should always continue to appreciate and track even the slightest progress. Customers of your products and services need to ask honest opinion of the goods and services you and your organisation provide and organisations and individuals that want to get ahead of their competitors and succeed must be those businesses that are prepared to meet regularly with their employees and appraise performance levels as well as getting feedback about their customers and especially what they want. This is one of the most single attribute that differentiates your brand from that of your competitors and this as perceived by your consumers. Every brand has a story to tell and how well you tell it will give your customers a reason to believe in your employees and come back to buy your brand or prefer your brand to those of your competitors. Guinness Cameroon SA and les brassseries du Cameroun Ltd, these two brewery companies that deals in both alcoholic as well as non-alcholoic brands put a lot of effort and time to tell their own side of the story to their customers in an effort to woe them to selecting their products over those of their competitors.

Keywords: brand, consumer, consumer perception, customer, customer service
Histeroscopy Procedure on Cervical Stenosis - Check Before Cheque

Histeroscopy Procedure on Cervical Stenosis - Check Before Cheque

Authors: Eddy Hartono
Year: 2019, Volume: 2, Number: 01
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Abstract

Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world with population in 2017 reached 261 million people. Perfitri reported that in 2012, blockage was the main common cause of infertility, regarding identified for 12.5 percent of women who underwent IVF. Most of causes of infertility are such as blockage, ovulatory dysfunction, diminished ovarian reserve, cervical abnormalities and endometriosis. A 44 years old woman Para 1 Abortus 1, came to us after several FSH shots and failed IUI procedures. Then we performed hysteroscopy to diagnose and treat the patient. The hysteroscope 3.5 mm sheath couldn’t be inserted into internal cervical os. Then we tried with the smaller sonde and we couldn’t managed to penetrate the uterine cervix. At the next step, we did adhesiolysis by sharp using scissors. After the hysteroscope entered the cervix lumen, the cervical polyps were appeared and well visualized. After we did polypectomy, adhesiolysis and dissection by scissors, the hysteroscope smoothly could be inserted through the cervix, relayed visualization for next investigation to whole area. Diagnostic hysteroscopy helps in identifying the hidden etiology of infertility so that a therapeutic intervention can be initiated, by avoiding unnecessary empiric medical treatment that costly, considering that fertility treatments are generally not covered by health insurance. Check before receive the “cheque”.

Keywords: Cervical Stenosis, Histeroscopy Procedure, Infertility

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