Revista Eugenio Espejo

Revista Eugenio Espejo

Basic info

  • Publisher: Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo
  • Country of publisher: ecuador
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2021/May/30

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Medicine, Psychology
  • Publisher's keywords: Health Sciences
  • Language of fulltext: spanish, catalan
  • Time from submission to publication: 19 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY-NC-ND
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2016
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS, CLOCKSS, Other
  • Deposit policy registered in: Sherpa/Romeo

This journal has '89' articles

Comunicación en la primera infancia: una dimensión en la formación integral del Licenciado en Educación Preescolar

Comunicación en la primera infancia: una dimensión en la formación integral del Licenciado en Educación Preescolar

Authors: Ludmila María Suárez Batista Universidad de Camagüey “Ignacio Agramonte Loynaz”, Cuba Nancy Aleida Marzo Forbes Universidad de Camagüey “Ignacio...
Year: 2016, Volume: 10, Number: 2
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Abstract

Training educators is a complex task, of a scientific nature, which involves challenges for the professions. A bibliographic review was carried out from a psychopedagogical and public health perspective, in which cognitive elements of the practice of communication in preschool age and the need to communicate with people in their social environment are addressed. The literature consulted showed that communicative competences at this age are influenced by the work of the Bachelor in Preschool Education, a directed training process that must be dealt with a multidisciplinary and intercultural approach reflected in pedagogical practice.

Keywords: child development, child preschool, communication
Tolerancia a la frustración y distorsiones cognitivas en estudiantes con consumo de alcohol

Tolerancia a la frustración y distorsiones cognitivas en estudiantes con consumo de alcohol

Authors: Danny Xavier Ávila Fray Clínica privada, Riobamba, Ecuador Alexandra Pilco Guadalupe Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo
Year: 2016, Volume: 10, Number: 2
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Abstract

Anger originates in the frustration of expectations and disappointment at not getting what you want. In this regard, a correlational, descriptive research was carried out; With the purpose of relating frustration tolerance to cognitive distortions in students who present problems with alcohol consumption enrolled in the “Pedro Vicente Maldonado” educational unit in the city of Riobamba during the period of February to July 2016. The population consisted of the 217 students of second year of high school, from which a sample composed of 44 adolescents was selected, through an intentional sampling based on criteria. e data were obtained through the application of two internationally validated instruments. The results obtained showed that 77.27% of the evaluated young people were classified with low tolerance to frustration, and that 68.18% presented some cognitive distortion. Therefore, the authors concluded that there was a direct linear correlation and a strong determination between the frustration tolerance variable and that related to cognitive distortions.

Keywords: tolerance, frustration, cognitive distortions, alcohol consumption, adolescents
Personalidad dependiente y creencias irracionales en mujeres indígenas

Personalidad dependiente y creencias irracionales en mujeres indígenas

Authors: Alexandra Pilco Guadalupe Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecuador Luis Alfredo Barreno Guarnizo Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecuador...
Year: 2016, Volume: 10, Number: 2
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Abstract

Dependent personality is a set of characteristics guided by behaviors of submission, extreme tolerance and overvaluation to couples. Irrational beliefs express needs, desires, feelings, fears and ideas, which together form the personality and require the study of their characteristics to propose solutions. Therefore, a correlational descriptive research was carried out in order to analyze the personality type of indigenous women and the irrational beliefs of Nizag Community of Alausí town, during the period JuneNovember 2016. The population consisted of 104 indigenous women, but 42 ones were selected by means of intentional sampling based on inclusion criteria. The results were obtained by the application of two psychometric questionnaires. It was observed that 40% of the study population showed a dependent personality and in equal proportions with a 35.7% irrational belief No. 8 “You need to have something bigger and stronger than oneself and it is absolutely necessary to have affection and No. 1 for an adult: the approval of their peers, family and friends”. It was demonstrated the non-existence of correlation between the two variables through statistical analysis.

Keywords: dependent personality disorder, culture-bound syndromes, indigenous population (public health)
Lesiones intraepiteliales en pacientes atendidas en el Hospital General Docente “Mártires del 9 de Abril”, 2010

Lesiones intraepiteliales en pacientes atendidas en el Hospital General Docente “Mártires del 9 de Abril”, 2010

Authors: Ingrid Vanessa Hernández González Hospital Monte España, Nicaragua Alexis Méndez Rodríguez Hospital General Docente “Mártires del 9 de Abril”, Cuba
Year: 2016, Volume: 10, Number: 2
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Abstract

The neoplastic lesions of the cervix can evolve over a period of months or years until cancer develops. Characterizing the condition of cervical pathologies in patients with a definitive diagnosis of abnormal cytology was reached through a quantitative study of a descriptive prospective type. The patients of this research were referred to the specialized consultation at the General Hospital “Mártires del 9 de Abril” during the year 2010. The study population consisted of 259 patients, of which 248 ones were selected through a non-probabilistic sampling based on criteria. Patients between 25 and 54 years of age, those who had their first sexual relationship before reaching the age of 20 prevailed in the study. Low-grade intraepithelial lesions predominated. Independence was observed between cytological results and personal history of vaginal infection variables, as opposed to the significant dependence between the results of three diagnostic methods used including histological results and therapeutic behavior. The reoperations were required due to the presence of positive surgical section borders and the detection of microinfiltrating carcinoma.

Keywords: intraepithelial lesions of the cervical scale, carcinoma in situ, colposcopy, cytology
Costo de la prestación de colecistectomías laparoscópicas. Hospital Provincial General Docente Riobamba. 2014

Costo de la prestación de colecistectomías laparoscópicas. Hospital Provincial General Docente Riobamba. 2014

Authors: Gonzalo Edmundo Bonilla Pulgar Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecuador Hospital Provincial General Docente Riobamba, Ecuador Martha Susana Sa...
Year: 2016, Volume: 10, Number: 2
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Abstract

A quantitative, descriptive observational, cross-sectional study was carried out in order to characterize the costs of performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the General Hospital of Riobamba (HPGDR) during 2014. The study population was constituted by the accounting documents related to that particular health benefit, which were filed in the Financial Department, Surgical Center and Surgery Service. The data was collected using the document review technique by the means of the respective guide. The amount of the equipment was the highest within the tangible fixed assets with a value of $ 210 923.26. The analysis of the value of laparoscopic cholecystectomies based on the use of reusable and disposable trocar showed a difference of $ 434.00 USD in favor of the first of these ones.

Keywords: health care costs, laparoscopy, surgery department, hospital
El verdadero rostro de Eugenio Espejo

El verdadero rostro de Eugenio Espejo

Authors: Alvaro R Mejía Salazar Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, Ecuador
Year: 2016, Volume: 10, Number: 2
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Abstract

A historical research was carried out with a qualitative approach. The study population was constituted by the documents of interest filed in Archivo de Indias, as well as those of the sources from press that revolved around the figure of Eugenio Espejo. The purpose of the study was to establish the historical fidelity of the iconography of that forerunner of Ecuadorian nationality.

Keywords: history, famous persons, Anthropology physical
Proceso de Atención de Enfermería con seguimiento domiciliario en un recién nacido muy prematuro

Proceso de Atención de Enfermería con seguimiento domiciliario en un recién nacido muy prematuro

Authors: Cielito del Rosario Betancourt Jimbo Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecuador Mónica Alexandra Valdiviezo Maygua Universidad Nacional de Chimb...
Year: 2016, Volume: 10, Number: 2
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Abstract

El parto prematuro constituye un importante problema para la salud del recién nacido, cuyas consecuencias dependen de la edad gestacional y del mejoramiento en el cuidado al neonato. El objetivo de este estudio de caso fue ejecutar el proceso de atención de enfermería intra y extrahospitalario, bajo el marco conceptual de Kathryn Barnard en una recién nacida muy prematura de 1200 gramos de peso, basado en las taxonomías NANDA, NOC y NIC. Duran-te tres meses, se realizaron visitas domiciliarias para el asesoramiento a los padres sobre la atención y cuidados en aspectos importantes como: signos de alarma, lactancia materna, cuidados en el domicilio, sitios de apoyo y estimulación temprana.

Keywords: prematuridad, neonato, proceso enfermero, cuidados, adaptación, familia
Plan de cuidados sobre un caso relacionado con el proceso asistencial integrado “atención a pacientes pluripatológicos”

Plan de cuidados sobre un caso relacionado con el proceso asistencial integrado “atención a pacientes pluripatológicos”

Authors: Herminia Castillo Lorenzo Universidad de Granada, España María Jesús Samaniego Ruiz Zona Básica de Salud de Benamaurel, España Jacobo Cambil M...
Year: 2016, Volume: 10, Number: 2
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Abstract

Chronic diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. Patients with two or more chronic diseases require a more complex sanitary approach. The case of a multi-pathological patient who goes to the nursing consultation for the follow-up of his pathologies is described. A care plan was made based on the Integrated Care Process for multi-pathological patients. The main nursing diagnoses are related to the therapeutic process and its behavior. The results were satisfactory. e work of the community nurse as an educator for health is paramount since it prevents the appearance of new pathologies and the commitment of those already existing.

Keywords: primary health care, health education, chronic disease, community health nursing, nursing process
Consideraciones prácticas sobre epilepsia y manejo anestésico

Consideraciones prácticas sobre epilepsia y manejo anestésico

Authors: Karen Viviana Sierra Parrales Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador Daniela Elizabeth Miñaca Rea Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuado...
Year: 2016, Volume: 10, Number: 2
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Abstract

Epilepsy is a disease characterized by the alteration of brain electrical activity. Epileptic seizures are classified into three groups: partial, generalized and unknown. The diagnosis is established through clinical correlation and electroencephalography. The maintenance antiepileptic treatment depends on the specific type of crisis. The epileptic status constitutes the persistence of a convulsive crisis for more than five minutes (for clinical effects) that requires intensive pharmacological management with benzodiazepines, phenytoin, phenobarbital and other medications. The behavior and management of the anesthetic procedure in the context of a patient with epilepsy requires an adequate preoperative assessment in order to research the existence of comorbidities, characteristics of the seizures, pharmacotherapy received and their interactions with certain anesthetic agents. The administration of those anesthetics that have shown proconvulsivantes effects (etomidato, ketamine, enflurano, sevoflurane, fentanyl, alfentanil, remifentanil, meperidina, among others) should be avoided in epileptic patients. Benzodiazepines, thiopental, propofol (despite its proconvulsive effect in some cases), isofuran, halothane, desflurane, among others are considered as safe anesthetic agents.

Keywords: epilepsy, pharmaceutical preparations, patient care management
Patologías mamarias en pacientes atendidas en el hospital “Carlos Andrade Marín”. Enero-octubre 2013

Patologías mamarias en pacientes atendidas en el hospital “Carlos Andrade Marín”. Enero-octubre 2013

Authors: Erika Lizeth Sananay Auquilla Hospital Militar HB-11, Ecuador Edwin Danilo Salao Pérez Hospital Gineco–Obstetrico Luz Elena Arismedy, Ecuador...
Year: 2017, Volume: 11, Number: 1
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Abstract

A research with a mixed approach, of a descriptive observational type, of a cross-sectional nature was carried out in order to characterize the mammary pathologies, as well as the risk factors in the patients treated in the Mastology consultation of Ecuadorian Social Security Institute "Carlos Andrade Marín" Hospital, in the city of Quito, during the period January-October of 2013. The entire population (326 female patients) was included in the study; in which the range of 40 to 60 years of age prevailed, and the family history of breast cancer. Patients mainly attended the consultation of Mastology because of the presence of nodules. 88.9% of cases were diagnosed with benign lesions and 80.1% with malignant ones. e most frequent anatomical-pathological presentations in patients diagnosed with LMB were given due to fibrocystic changes 39% and fibroadenomas with 30%. Irregular contours were seen in the images of the malignant diagnoses in an ultrasound study, contrary to what happened in the benign ones. The diagnosis of certainty of malignant mammary lesions was mainly in the early stages by allowing the adoption of more effective therapeutic measures.

Keywords: breast diseases, risk factors, breast self-examination
Caracterización de lesiones intraepiteliales en mujeres del cantón Penipe, Ecuador. Noviembre 2014

Caracterización de lesiones intraepiteliales en mujeres del cantón Penipe, Ecuador. Noviembre 2014

Authors: Yisela Carolina Ramos Campi Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecuador Ximena del Rocío Robalino Flores Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecua...
Year: 2017, Volume: 11, Number: 1
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Abstract

The researching process had a quantitative, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional approach. It aimed to characterize the intraepithelial lesions in 100 patients from Penipe town, aged between 20 and 65 years, who are treated at the gynecological consultation of Centro de Erradicación del Bocio y Capacitación a Minusválidos during the month of November 2014. The data were obtained through the use of the Bethesda International Reporting System measurement technique. The age was on average 41.44 (± 13.60); the arithmetic mean of the age of onset of sexual intercourse was 16.37 (± 4.49); women with two children predominated, those whose test was negative (88%) and those who did not use any contraceptive method, as well as the presence of microorganisms with pathological potential. The Pearson correlation test showed the existence of a strong and positive relationship between parity and age variables.

Keywords: squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix, papanicolaou test, atypical squamous cells of the cervix
Riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes hipertensos atendidos en la consulta externa de cardiología. Hospital IESS Riobamba. Enero-junio 2013

Riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes hipertensos atendidos en la consulta externa de cardiología. Hospital IESS Riobamba. Enero-junio 2013

Authors: Jessica Monserrath Toscano Guacho * Erika Lizeth Sananay Auquilla Hospital Militar HB-11, Ecuador Héctor Xavier Guevara Sánchez
Year: 2017, Volume: 11, Number: 1
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Abstract

An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional researching process with a mixed approach was carried out in order to characterize the cardiovascular risk factors in hypertensive patients treated in the outpatient cardiology clinic of IESS (Ecuadorian Social Security Institute) Hospital, Riobamba, in the period of January-June, 2013. A sample of 1256 according to different criteria was selected from a population study of 3889. The respective data were collected by reviewing documents through the corresponding guidedesigned. The female sex predominated in the research environment with 60.0%, as well as ages over 65. The sedentary lifestyle was the main risk factor present with 66.98% of incidence. The majority of the sample studied was classified as having a low cardiovascular risk of 74% and only 6.06% was classified as very high to suffer this disease during the following 10 years.

Keywords: hypertension, risk factors, cardiovascular diseases
Comparación de la adhesión de la resina en cavidades clase I de Black conformadas con dos tipos de fresa

Comparación de la adhesión de la resina en cavidades clase I de Black conformadas con dos tipos de fresa

Authors: Carlos Alberto Albán Hurtado Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecuador Dennys Vladimir Tenelanda López Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecua...
Year: 2017, Volume: 11, Number: 1
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Abstract

A comparative observational study was carried out including the entire study population of 38 healthy third molars collected after extraction for medically justified reasons and with the consent of the respective patients. The ages ranged were from 20 to 25 years. It was distributed in two strata: group A (19) and group B (19) in order to compare the adherence of resin 3MZ250 in class I GV Black cavities by using two types of cylindrical dental burs brand jota, the one of fine grained and the other thick, in third molars in vitro. The research was developed in four stages obtaining the following results: in group A, the adhesion of the resin to the dental structure required a higher tensile force averaging 215.49 N to detach and in group B was 167.7 N. Statistical analysis using the T test allowed establishing that the difference in the tensile strength of the resin between groups A and B was significant. The use of dental burs of fine grained in the formation of class I GV Black cavities creates smoother walls that allow a better adhesion of the resin to the dental structure; so they are more resistant to tensile forces.

Keywords: tensile strength of the resin, resin cement, dental cavity preparation, cavity protective covering
Virginia Henderson y Jean Watson vs adulto mayor con deterioro de la eliminación urinaria e incapacidad visual

Virginia Henderson y Jean Watson vs adulto mayor con deterioro de la eliminación urinaria e incapacidad visual

Authors: Mónica Alexandra Valdiviezo Maygua Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Ecuador Tatiana Jasmín Estrada Arévalo Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo,...
Year: 2017, Volume: 11, Number: 1
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Abstract

Aging is an inevitable and progressive process where the elderly people experience sensory alterations that make them susceptible to disability and endocrine diseases such as benign prostatic hypertrophy. Therefore, nursing intervention and implementation of personalized care plans through activities aimed at satisfying needs become indispensable. The research was carried out in order to apply the nursing process in elderly people with impaired urinary elimination and visual impairment. The model of Virginia Henderson, the theory of human care of Jean Watson and the standardized language NANDA, NOC and NIC were applied. The diagnoses identified in the individual were impaired urinary elimination, acute pain and deficient knowledge. An improvement on average of 3 points on the Likert scale was obtained in each indicator of the NOC during the hospital and home follow-up from the execution of the care.

Keywords: urinary elimination, elderly, nursing process, human care
Atención a una cuidadora mediante procesos asistenciales integrados

Atención a una cuidadora mediante procesos asistenciales integrados

Authors: Álvaro Miguel Fernández García Universidad de Granada, España María Jesús Samaniego Ruiz Zona Básica de Salud de Benamaurel, España Jacobo Cam...
Year: 2017, Volume: 11, Number: 1
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Abstract

The population is aging in recent years, and with this the number of dependents is too. It is unthinkable to talk about dependence without talking about the informal caregiver. Therefore, the caregivers have been included in the integrated healthcare processes in order to achieve continuity in care. So, the clinical case of a 47 year old woman who takes care of her mother in law is presented. She was diagnosed with tiredness of the caregiver’s role and stress due to overload after attending the nursing consultation and carrying out a comprehensive assessment. Different interventions of giving emotional support, health education and facilitating resources were performed. The results were satisfactory, concluding that the detection of tiredness of the role of caregiver is crucial because of the impact it has on the dependent person and the caregiver.

Keywords: caregivers, patient care planning, alzheimer disease, community health nursing

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