Evaluation of the quality of life by means of WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire among people with coeliac disease, allergy and oversensitivity to gluten who follow the gluten-free diet

Journal Title: Medycyna Ogólna i Nauki o Zdrowiu - Year 2014, Vol 20, Issue 3

Abstract

introduction. Quality of life issues are also arousing a lot of interest in medicine. It is very helpful to know the quality of life of a patient during the adjustment of treatment with regard to the patient’s individual needs. objective. The objective of the research was to analyse the quality of life of people who suffer from coeliac disease, allergy and oversensitivity to gluten, and who are on a gluten-free diet, as well as those who do not follow the gluten-free diet for medical reasons. material and method. The research was conducted among 417 people aged 18–75 years who were divided into 2 study groups. The first group of respondents consisted of those suffering from coeliac disease, allergy or oversensitivity to gluten, whereas the second group included respondents who do not follow the gluten-free diet or any other medical diet (clinical control group). The authors used the Polish version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-WHOQOL-BREF which comprises 26 items aiming to assess the quality of life in four broad domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. The questionnaire also includes the perception of the quality of life and the self-evaluation of the state of health. results. Evaluation of the general quality of life in the group of respondents who follow the gluten-free diet for medical reasons amounted to an average of 3.72±0,88, and self-evaluation of the state of health – 3.19±0.91. In contrast, evaluation of the quality of life among respondents who do not follow the diet amounted to an average of 3.94±0.76, and the selfevaluation of the state of health – 3.70±0.79. conclusions. The quality of life of respondents who do not follow the gluten-free diet for medical reasons is significantly better in the domain of the psychological health, social relationships and general satisfaction with one’s health, in comparison to respondents who suffer from coeliac disease, allergy or oversensitivity to gluten. These observations should be used during adjustment of the therapeutic medical treatment with regard to the patient’s individual needs.

Authors and Affiliations

Anna Brończyk-Puzoń, Joanna Bieniek, Aneta Koszowska, Justyna Nowak, Elżbieta Dziąbek, Paweł Jagielski

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP58377
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How To Cite

Anna Brończyk-Puzoń, Joanna Bieniek, Aneta Koszowska, Justyna Nowak, Elżbieta Dziąbek, Paweł Jagielski (2014). Evaluation of the quality of life by means of WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire among people with coeliac disease, allergy and oversensitivity to gluten who follow the gluten-free diet. Medycyna Ogólna i Nauki o Zdrowiu, 20(3), 241-244. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-58377