Scientific Journal of Review

Scientific Journal of Review

Basic info

  • Publisher: Sjournals
  • Country of publisher: iran, islamic republic of
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/Feb/19

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Biological Sciences, Computer and Information Science, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Mathematics
  • Publisher's keywords: Engineering, Mathematics, Computer and Information Science, Agricultural Science
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 100 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? Yes

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? True

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '206' articles

Animal models for diseases of respiratory system

Animal models for diseases of respiratory system

Authors: R. Adil| Department of Veterinary Pathology College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Khalsa, Amritsar Punjab – 143002 India, M.D. Latief| Department...
( 89 downloads)
Abstract

Latest trends in understanding of respiratory diseases in human beings can be derived from thorough clinical studies of these diseases occurring in man, but conducting such studies in man is difficult in terms of experimental manipulation. In the last 2 decades, various types of experimental respiratory disease models has been developed and utilized by investigators, which have contributed a lot to the understanding of respiratory diseases in man, but only little investigation has been done on the naturally occurring pulmonary diseases of animals as potential models which could have added to our knowledge. There are certain selected examples of spontaneous pulmonary disease in animals that may serve as exploitable models for human chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, emphysema, interstitial lung disease, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, hyaline membrane disease, and bronchial asthma.

Keywords: Animal, Pulmonary, Models
Consumer health maintenance related to goat meat fatty acids composition and distribution as influenced by some non gene

Consumer health maintenance related to goat meat fatty acids composition and distribution as influenced by some non gene

Authors: N. Assan| Zimbabwe Open University, Faculty of Science, Department of Agriculture, Bulawayo Region, Bulawayo
( 224 downloads)
Abstract

Meat health related issues as perceived by the consumers has become motivators for liking and purchasing of meat products in developed world with a high incidence of cardiovascular disease. Apart from the genetics of the animal desirable goat meat quality production is affected by various known non genetic factors of which could be manipulated to modify the composition and distribution of fatty acids and other biochemical and physical meat quality properties. Knowledge of these as individual factors and/or their combined influence is essential for efficient and desirable meat production which is safe for human consumption. There has been an observed distinctive association of individual levels of non genetic factors such as diet, castration and muscle type with composition and distribution of fatty acids in goat meat which corroborates results reported for other species of animals worldwide.

Keywords: health, goat meat, fatty acids, Non-genetic factors
Livestock waste and its impact on the environment

Livestock waste and its impact on the environment

Authors: I.P. Ogbuewu, V.U. Odoemenam, A.A. Omede, C.S. Durunna, O.O. Emenalom, M.C. Uchegbu, I.C. Okoli, M.U. Iloeje
( 89 downloads)
Abstract

Livestock industries produce meat, milk and egg, and also generate large volumes of wastes that could be harmful to the environment if not well managed. The demand for animal products is driven by increasing per capital incomes, urbanization, changing lifestyles as well as rapid population growth. These increases in demand for animal products are expected to continue in the years to come. Livestock keepers on the quest of optimizing the benefit of the ever increasing demand for their products have resorted in the production and accumulation of large volumes of wastes. However, the disposal of these wastes continues to be a challenge from the standpoints of cost, environmental safety, and biosecurity. The question remains how would these livestock wastes be managed without detrimental effects on food security, natural resources and health? This review was necessitated in an attempt to answer these questions.

Keywords: live stock, health, water, air, soil, management
Lifetime estimation methods in power transformer insulation

Lifetime estimation methods in power transformer insulation

Authors: M.A., Taghikhani
( 101 downloads)
Abstract

Mineral oil in the power transformer has an important role in the cooling, insulation aging and chemical reactions such as oxidation. Oil temperature increases will cause quality loss. The oil should be regularly control in necessary time. Studies have been done on power transformers oils that are used in different age in Iranian power grid to identify the true relationship between age and other characteristics of power transformer oil. In this paper the first method to estimate the life of power transformer insulation (oil) is based on Arrhenius law. The Arrhenius law can provide loss of power transformer oil quality and estimates remaining life. The second method that is studies to estimate the life of power transformer is the paper insulation life prediction at temperature160 ° C.

Keywords: Power transformer, Transformer oil, Arrhenius law, Estimated life of insulation
Estimation of scale parameter of inverse gaussian distribution under a bayesian framework using different loss functions

Estimation of scale parameter of inverse gaussian distribution under a bayesian framework using different loss functions

Authors: N. Feroze
( 87 downloads)
Abstract

In this paper, the Bayesian analysis of scale parameter of inverse Gaussian distribution has been considered. The Bayes estimators along with corresponding risks have been derived under a class of priors and using various loss functions. The Bayesian credible intervals have been derived for the said parameter. In order to predict the future values of the variable the posterior predictive distributions have been constructed under different priors. A simulation study has been conducted for different parametric values to assess and compare the performance of different estimators.

Keywords: Bayes estimators, Posterior risks, Posterior predictive distribution, Credible intervals (C.I)
An overview for the application of multispectral device for determination of alkaloid level in dioscorea hispida

An overview for the application of multispectral device for determination of alkaloid level in dioscorea hispida

Authors: S. Roslan, M.H.H. Razali, W.I.W. Ismail
( 96 downloads)
Abstract

Recently with development of computer imaging, the application field of near infrared image processing becomes much wider. The potential of machine vision application in the determination of alkaloid in Dioscorea hispida rhizome was explored. A camera vision system used in this research is TETRACAM multispectral camera, which consists of three bands, namely red band (R), green band (G) and near infrared band (NIR). The first component is the hardware component that functions as an image acquisitioned for the system. The second component is the software part which converts data obtained from the hardware. From the design review, the images from a variety of harvested of Dioscorea hispida will be captured and the readings in multispectral wavelength index were tabulated. The statistical relationship between multispectral wavelength and alkaloid level in the fruit were determined. The development on this study is grouped as non destructive method to determine the dioscorine content which is one of the alkaloid components in the rhizome of Dioscorea hispida.

Keywords: Prediction device, Multispectral image, Tetracam machine vision, Alkaloid detection, Dioscorea hispida
Factors influencing involvement of peri-urban farmers in mini-livestock farming in south-western Nigeria

Factors influencing involvement of peri-urban farmers in mini-livestock farming in south-western Nigeria

Authors: S.I. Ogunjimi, O.J. Yusuf, A.O, Ajala
( 102 downloads)
Abstract

The study focused on factors influencing involvement of peri-urban farmers in mini-livestock farming in South-Western Nigeria. Specifically, the peri-urban farmers’ socio-economic characteristics were described, their level of involvement in rearing mini-livestock were determined and constraint associated with mini-livestock farming were examined. 182 respondents were interviewed through the use of structured interview schedule and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs). Data analysis was carried out using frequency counts, percentage, and factor analysis. The results of the study showed that more males were involved in mini-livestock rearing than females, while the mean age of a farmer was 46 years. Majorities were literate and information sourced from fellow farmers was most common and reliable source of information accessible by the respondents, while there was low extension contact. Problems confronting the respondents include inadequate credit facilities, untimely supply of inputs, improper management skill and low extension contacts. Results of the factor analysis revealed eleven factors which contributed to farmers’ involvement in mini-livestock farming. These include community influence, farmland acquisition, characteristics of mini-livestock, personality factor, and economic status. Other factors were capacity building, household composition,external orientation, farm characteristics, social group orientation and communication tool. The study concluded that policy making on mini-livestock development should focus at enhancing the socio-economic status of peri-urban farmers through improved to access to credit facilities and capacity building through training on improved management practice. This could have a profound influence on increased production, sustainable livelihood and alleviation of poverty among the populace.

Keywords: Capacity building, Factor analysis, Management practices, Socio-economic status, Credit facilities, Sustainable livelihood
Impact of palm oil and extracted fish meal on haematological parameters, serum constituents and histology of African cat

Impact of palm oil and extracted fish meal on haematological parameters, serum constituents and histology of African cat

Authors: T.O. Babalola, D.F. Apata
( 89 downloads)
Abstract

This experiment was carried out to determine the effects of supplementing feed with palm oil and extracted fish meal on the histological, haematological and serum biochemical profile of Heterobranchus longifilis. Ten experimental diets were formulated by replacing fish oil with palm oil (PO) at 0, 25, 50, 75 or 100% in extracted and unextracted fishmeal-based diets in a 2 x 5 factorial design. The red blood cell counts (RBC) were significantly affected by the PO levels and highest in fish fed 50% and 75% FO replacement with PO. Extraction of fishmeal significantly affected the haematological parameters. Total protein, glucose concentrations, AST and ALT activities were not significantly (P > 0.05) affected by the PO levels. However, serum total cholesterol was significantly (P < 0.05) increased in fish fed 50% FO. Similarly HDL was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in fish fed 50%, 75% and 100% FO replacement with PO, but HDL of fish fed unextracted fishmeal diets was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than those fed the extracted fishmeal diets. Histological examination of the intestines showed no accumulation of lipid vacuoles in the cytoplasm. However, liver from fish fed unextracted fish meal-based diets with 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% FO replacement showed homogenous size hepatocytes with vacuolized cytoplasm, swelling and nuclei displacement were also evident. These results indicate that extraction of fishmeal and use of PO as a substitute for FO in the diets of H. longifilis had no noticeable negative health impacts.

Keywords: Palm oil, Fish oil, Fishmeal, Serum constituents, Haematology, Histology
Developing awareness profiling force and activities linking safety and quality of foods of animal origin in Bangladesh

Developing awareness profiling force and activities linking safety and quality of foods of animal origin in Bangladesh

Authors: M. Mufizur Rahman, S. M. Lutful Kabir
( 95 downloads)
Abstract

Food safety is an important topic as large number of consumers has become victim of consuming adulterated foods. As the food safety laws, administration and inspection in Bangladesh do not include monitoring the chain of production and comply the recommendation by Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC), Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Agreement, and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) System, the government is encouraging the private sector to put the food processing and marketing into the context of standard, cost effectiveness, public health issues and global trade. Recommendations came up for strengthening collaboration between Ministries and stakeholders. Since the public health service cannot combat alone the complex situation, the governmental agencies and academic institutions must work together to delineate many of the problems in food safety, consumers protection and zoonoses. In this paper the profiling force linking safety and quality of foods of animal origin in Bangladesh is highlighted.

Keywords: Food safety, Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC), Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS), Food processing, Animal origin, Bangladesh
Role of cooperative-societies in community development in Sokoto metropolis, Sokoto state, Nigeria

Role of cooperative-societies in community development in Sokoto metropolis, Sokoto state, Nigeria

Authors: G. Najamuddeen, B.Z. Abubakar, M.G. Kebbe, A.S. Magaji, S. Ukashatu
( 97 downloads)
Abstract

This research was conducted in order assess the role of cooperatives in community development in Sokoto metropolis. The data for this research were obtained by sampling the opinion of 60 respondents all of which are members of different cooperatives in the study area using simple random sampling technique. The research instrument used was questionnaire administration and the data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequencies and percentages).The study showed that 50% of the respondents were between the ages of 20 and 30 years. 62% of them sourced their money through personal contributions. The research revealed that the contribution of cooperatives societies in community development through self help effort are more of schools rehabilitation, road construction and other community projects (mosques construction, rehabilitation, donation of books and medicine to schools and community clinic, financial and material assistance to disabled people). 70% of the respondents have stated that that they have not received any assistance from the government. Recommendations were made and an appeal to the government to intensify its effort in financing capacity building and provision of technical facilities.

Keywords: Role, Cooperative-societies, Community, Development, Sokoto, Metropolis
Innovating veterinary public health challenges of Bangladesh to integrate the concept of ‘one world, one health’

Innovating veterinary public health challenges of Bangladesh to integrate the concept of ‘one world, one health’

Authors: M.M. Rahman, M.H. Rahman
( 90 downloads)
Abstract

The present paper addresses relevant problems and constraints of VPH in Bangladesh in the light of global concept “One World, One Health” that need to be overcome and to ask for help, coordination and collaboration of international organization to promote and build the capacity for the spectrum of important VPH issues contributing to zoonoses, food-borne disease control, food safety and fostering better and living condition. In Bangladesh the loss of border controls within countries and the globalization of trade have led to an increasing trade in animals and products of animal origin. As a consequence there appears the demand and imperative need for new and elaborate surveillance strategies. The world is changing fast and new diseases are emerging and reemerging across the globe. Many of these new diseases can be linked to animals or changes occurring in environmental conditions. Bangladesh government has launched a collaborative effort and established increased participatory approach and joint venture activities with the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) in respect of capacity building for surveillance and control of zoonotic diseases, and food safety. The four recommendations mentioned below could provide valuable direction to the future VPH program and activities linked to global concept “One World, One Health” These are (1) Development and Strengthening of VPH (2) Formation of Veterinary Public Health Forum (3) Establishment of National Communicable Disease Center (4) Foundation of National Institute of VPH Studies.

Keywords: Veterinary public health, Bangladesh, Strategic recommendation
Estimation of the parameters of rayleigh distribution based on record values for censored data

Estimation of the parameters of rayleigh distribution based on record values for censored data

Authors: A. Ahmed, N. Feroze, A.S. Akhter
( 91 downloads)
Abstract

In this paper, we discuss the estimation of location and scale parameters of the Rayleigh distribution based on the Upper record values by the best linear unbiased estimator (BLUE) and an alternative linear estimate, proposed by Gupta (1952). Type II singly and doubly censored samples are used for estimation. Tables of coefficients for best linear estimator and alternative estimator of are presented for various choices of censoring for n 8. Variances and covarinces of estimator of for BLUE and for alternative estimator are also presented. The computational formula and procedure used are explained. The purpose of the paper is to compare the performance of the estimation procedures in terms of relative efficiencies. The findings of the study suggest that the BLUE method can be replaced by Gupta method especially in the large samples.

Keywords: Record values, Type II censoring, Rayleigh distribution
Artificial neural networks in foodstuffs: a critical review

Artificial neural networks in foodstuffs: a critical review

Authors: S. Goyal, G.K. Goyal
( 95 downloads)
Abstract

This paper provides a critical review of literature concerning the artificial neural networks (ANN) in foodstuffs. The main aim is to provide background information, motivation for applications and an exposition to the methodologies employed in the development of ANN techniques in foodstuffs. This review includes that all the latest works on the application of ANN to foodstuffs which have been reported excellently with positive and encouraging results. This review paper highlights the methodologies and algorithms employed for ANN models suitable for various foodstuffs, viz., avocados, tomatoes, cherries, grape, mosambi juice, apple juice, chicken nuggets, pistachio nuts, potato chips, kalakand, cakes, processed cheese, butter, milk and other foodstuffs. This review paper would be very beneficial for those working in food industry, academicians, students, researchers, scientists, factories manufacturing the food products and regulatory authorities, as it provides comprehensive latest information.

Keywords: Artificial neural networks, Soft computing, Artificial intelligence, Foodstuffs, Review
Micro-irrigation systems, automation and fertigation in citrus

Micro-irrigation systems, automation and fertigation in citrus

Authors: P.S. Shirgure
( 116 downloads)
Abstract

Citrus is number one group of fruits grown in more than 140 countries in the world. Micro-irrigation systems and fertigation management is one of the main concerns of the modem citrus fruit production irrespective of availability of soil, water and fertilizer resources. A variety of recommendations have emerged world over on irrigation systems and fertigation based on soil and leaf analysis of the nutrients, evapo-transpiration and water use pattern. The research review of literature has revealed best promising results on irrigation scheduling based on depletion pattern of soil available water content, irrigation systems and fertigation. Various micro-irrigation systems have established their superiority over traditionally used flood irrigation with micro-jets having little edge over rest of the others. Similarly, fertigation has shown good responses on growth, yield, quality and uniform distribution pattern of applied nutrients within the plant rootzone compared to band placement involving comparatively localized fertilization. Automated fertigation in citrus orchards is a new concept, which would be the only solitary choice amongst many irrigation monitoring methods in near future. The present status of the review on micro-irrigation and fertigation in citrus cultivars is clearly indicated in this article.

Keywords: Acid lime, Citrus, Irrigation scheduling, Drip irrigation, Fruit yield, Productivity
Evaporation modeling with multiple linear regression techniques – a review

Evaporation modeling with multiple linear regression techniques – a review

Authors: P.S. Shirgure
( 93 downloads)
Abstract

Evaporation is influenced by number of agro-meteorological parameters and one of the integral components of the hydrological cycle and. Usually, estimates of evaporation are needed in a wide array of problems in agriculture, hydrology, agronomy, forestry and land resources planning, such as water balance computation, irrigation management, crop yield forecasting model, river flow forecasting, ecosystem modeling. Irrigation can substantially increase crop yields, but again the scheduling of the water application is usually based on evaporation estimates. Numerous investigators developed models for estimation of evaporation. The interrelated meteorological factors having a major influence on evaporation have been incorporated into various formulae for estimating evaporation. Unfortunately, reliable estimates of evaporation are extremely difficult to obtain because of complex interactions between the components of the land-plant-atmosphere system. In hot climate, the loss of water by evaporation from rivers, canals and open-water bodies is a vital factor as evaporation takes a significant portion of all water supplies. Even in humid areas, evaporation loss is significant, although the cumulative precipitation tends to mask it due to which it is ordinarily not recognized except during rainless period. Therefore, the need for reliable models for quantifying evaporation losses from increasingly scarce water resources is greater than ever before. Accurate estimation of evaporation is fundamental for effective management of water resources. The evaporation models using MLR techniques is discussed her in details.

Keywords: Evaporation, Evaporation modeling, Multiple linear regression

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