International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

Selection of improved rice lines through the comparison of agronomical characteristics of M4 mutants from Tarom Mahali, Hasani and Anbarbo varieties

Selection of improved rice lines through the comparison of agronomical characteristics of M4 mutants from Tarom Mahali, Hasani and Anbarbo varieties

Authors: Allahyar Fallah, Seyedeh Taherh Asfi, Leila Bagheri, Esfandiyar Ferhmanfer
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Abstract

The production of suitable varieties is possible for the cultivation in paddy fields through the recognizing of the genetic resources of plant materials. In order to study of M4 mutants from Tarom Mahali (66 No.), Hasani (38 No.) and Anbarbo (29 No.), their selected seeds were planted by one panicle and seeds of check varieties, Tarom Mahali, Hasani and Anbarbo were planted in 2 square meter on nursery. The design was carried out as Augment design with 6 block and check varieties were randomly take placed in each block. The transplanting was done by one seedling with 25×25 densities in 1 square meter. For each mutant and check were measured characteristics of the number of flowering day, plant height, panicle number per hill, yield and yield components in flowering and ripping stages. The results showed that the mutants were early- maturity related to check varieties. There was diversity for plant height trait, but most of mutants were decreasing 10-30 percent in plant height compared to check. There was diversity between yield components but all of most were same with check varieties. The increasing yield of selected mutants was 10-27 percent. The cluster analysis of mutants from Tarom Mahali, Hasani and Anbarbo varieties were grouped them to 5, 3 and 4 groups respectively. The most of selected lines were placed in group of 3 and 4. The 8 lines with higher yield, however, 12 lines of earlymaturity and short plant height with same yield were selected as well.

Keywords: Augment, Yield components, Cluster analysis, Rice mutant, 50% Flowering
Tassel morphology and pollen productivity in 3 Sc Hybrid maize (Zea mays L.) in North Of Khozestan, Iran

Tassel morphology and pollen productivity in 3 Sc Hybrid maize (Zea mays L.) in North Of Khozestan, Iran

Authors: Mohammad Tahmasebi, Khalil Alami Saeid, Mohammad Barzegari, Behnam Habibi Khanyani
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Abstract

Maize (Zea mays L.) is the most important staple crop in Khozestan with the big holder farming systems accounting 32% of the total produced maize of iran. An experimental field located in Safi Abad Agriculture Center (SAC) which is located in Khouzestan province of iran to test three local populations maize for tassel morphology, pollen prodactivity (pp) g, Main branch length (MBL)cm, Number of branches (NTB), Number Alopcia per row (NAPR) and Garin yield (GY ) ton/ha. The experiment was set up in randomized complete block on spilt plotse design in 2 different dates of planting, july 17th and Aug 6th in main plots and sub plots are hybrids corn that have 3 genotype which two of them are new medium maturity hybrids and Sc704 as witness with three replications in 2010. Information about productive elements have been gathered from countings and measurements of Five plants, which were taken from each plot. Pollen was collected in pollen bags in each plot that plants were randomly selected from two middle rows. The collection of pollen was started when the first anthers appeared on the tassels main branches. Population analyses have revealed a large amount of variability for tassel morphology, pollen productivity (PP) and Grain yield (GY). Pollen productivity (PP) was significantly affected by date, Main branch length (MBL)cm, Number of branches (NTB), Number alopcia per row (NAR) and Grain yield (EY ) ton/ha was significantly affected by date and genotype. According to the results, planting date has effitient effects on seed performance and the other triats. The rate of produced pollen grain in the Second date of planting increased to 53%.And on the other hand in second date of planting. The rate of alopecia per row decreased to 51% in compare whith the first date of planting that it leads to have have more 36.75% seed performance. In addition the effects of hybrid was sufficient for all analized traits except the number of alopecia per row . in the case of hybrid effects the maximum performance of seed is respecting Sc MOBIN with the performance of 11.60 ton.ha -1 and Sc 704 9.61 ton.ha -1 . So, MOBIN in compare whith the two hybrids . in the north region of Khouzestan is the leading variety .

Keywords: maize local populations, pollen productivity
Sensory properties and survival of Iranian commercial strains of Bifidobacterium lactis and Lactobacillus acidophilus in probiotic ice-cream products

Sensory properties and survival of Iranian commercial strains of Bifidobacterium lactis and Lactobacillus acidophilus in probiotic ice-cream products

Authors: Bahare Najafi Kalandaragh, Mohammad Reza Fazeli, Orang Eyvazzadeh
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Abstract

Ice-cream has a good potential on a probiotic carrier. It has the advantage of being consumed by different age groups. The quality of probiotic ice-cream could however be effected by several factors such as bacterial strain, inoculum size, manufacturing process as well as transportation conditions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a non-fermented ice-cream for carrying Bifidobacterium lactis and Lactobacillus acidophilus. In order to achieve the desired initial population of bacteria 106 -107 cfu / ml were added to ice-cream mix and the survival of inoculated probiotic bacteria were assessed during five months storage at -18 ° C. By the end of the maintenance period the total count Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria was 107 cfu / ml while that of Bifidobacterium lactis was counted 106 cfu / ml, With regard to the survival of the bacteria and their sensory properties, vanilla ice-cream containing Lactobacillus acidophilus was chosen as the preferred treatments and sensory properties of probiotic ice-cream product according to research conducted coated ice cream can influence the changes in test of ice cream.

Keywords: Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium lactis, Probiotics, Ice cream
The Effects of Tillage System and Varieties on Yield and Yield Components of Corn (Zea mays L.)

The Effects of Tillage System and Varieties on Yield and Yield Components of Corn (Zea mays L.)

Authors: Mohammad Hossein Haddadi
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Abstract

In order to investigate the effect of tillage system on silage yield and yield components in four varieties of corn, an experimental was done in a split block design, treatments arrangement with four replication in north of Iran in 2012. Tillage system was the main plot in three levels: 1. Conventional tillage (CT). 2. Minimum tillage (MT) 3. No-tillage (NT). Other factor were four varieties of corn (SC 500, SC 260, AS62 and SC704). Plant height,ear diametr,dry and wet ear weight,dry and wet stem weight, dry and wet leaf weight , dry and wet silage yield. The results indicated that tillage systems had not significant difference on dry and wet silage yield. Because of the more expensive ,more soil practice , more irrigation and more time for land preparation at minimum and conventional tillage systems in compare of no- tillage system, i propose no-tillage system. Effect of varieties on silage yield was significantly different. Maximum silage and dry silage yield 32/76t/ha and 12/13 were obtained by SC704.

Keywords: Corn, silage yield and tillage system
Evaluating Yield and Some Traits of Potato Cultivars of Jiroft Area

Evaluating Yield and Some Traits of Potato Cultivars of Jiroft Area

Authors: Seyed Fatemeh Moosavi Sardoo
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Abstract

In order to finding cultivars with high yield and compatible with potato in the form of fall cultivation in jiroft area, an experiment in randomized complete block design with three replication, was done in Jiroft agricultural research center in 2013. In this experiment height plant, No. Stem, Tuber diameter, Tuber weight/plant, No. tuber and yield were examined. Effect of potato cultivars significant (p<0.01) on No. tuber, yield and height plant. Results of the mean data comparison, indicate that the No. tuber, tuber diameter, Tuber weight/plant and yield during the test was related to the observer Arinda cultivar.

Keywords: Component yield, Fall cultivation, Path analysis, Potato
Minimum, optimum, and maximum temperatures required for germination of Onion, Radish, Tomato, and Pepper

Minimum, optimum, and maximum temperatures required for germination of Onion, Radish, Tomato, and Pepper

Authors: Caser Ghaafar Abdel, Shireen Sameer Asaad, and Dejeen Salh Mohammad
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Abstract

Germination performance of four cool and worm season crops namely Onion, Radish, Tomato, and Pepper conducted in incubators at 5, 15, 25, and 35oC temperatures, arranged with Split Fact-RCBD. The obtained results revealed germination failure of Tomato and Pepper at 5oC. Better germination observed in Radish seeds at 5oC than Onion. Optimal temperatures based on final germination percentages for Onion, Radish and Pepper (15oC) and 25oC for tomato. On basis of peak germination percentages the optimal temperature of Onion and Tomato is 20oC and for Radish and Pepper is 15oC. All investigated crops revealed germination at maximum temperature 35oC.

Keywords: Temperatures, Seed Germination, Onion, Radish, Tomato, Pepper
Stomata and trichrome performances of four radish Raphanus sativus L. var. sativus cultivars grown in controlled cabinet under varying temperatures and irrigation levels

Stomata and trichrome performances of four radish Raphanus sativus L. var. sativus cultivars grown in controlled cabinet under varying temperatures and irrigation levels

Authors: Caser Ghaafar Abdel
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Abstract

Topsi, Famox F1, Corox F1, and Altox F1 radish cultivars were grown in controlled 20 and 12oC cabinets and they were subjected to 0, 33, 66 and 100% depletion of peat moss available water capacity (AWC). The objective of this experiment was to determine the performances of stomata and trichomes of four radish cultivars in response to varying temperatures and irrigation levels. The obtained results revealed that radish grown at 12oC highly reduced length, aperture length, width, aperture width by 17.56, 7.5, 1.7 and 7.7%, respectively, as compared to that grow at 20oC. However, Stomata population at upper leaf surface of 12oC radish exceed that of 20oC by 54.68%. Width of hair base cells was significantly higher at upper and lower leaf surfaces by (7.34%) and (15.74%), respectively, in radish grown at 20oC than that grown at 12oC. Adequately irrigated radish profoundly bypassed that of wilted (100%AWC depletion) in terms of stomata length (42%), stomata aperture length (88.33%), stomata width (8.98%), and stomata aperture width (9.33%) of upper leaf surface. However, severe drought tended to increase stomata population significantly, as compared to adequate irrigation. Inadequate watering tended to reduce hair base width significantly by 25.02% in upper leaf surface and by 29.84% in lower leaf surface as compared to severely water stressed radish. Altox F1 substantially exceeded Topsi in upper leaf surface stomata length (1.22%), aperture length (2.12%). Moreover, at lower leaf surface Altox F1 also exceeded Topsi in aperture length of stomata (7.83%). The highest width for hair base was observed in Altox F1 (93.438 µm) which highly exceeded the lowest value observed in Corox F1 by (13.26%). Cultivars can be arranged in the following respects Altox F1> Corox F1> FamoxF1> Topsi.

Keywords: Radish, Anatomy, Stomata, Trichome, Temperatures, Water stress, irrigation
Water consumptive use of Radish (Rhapanus sativus L. Var sativus), as influenced by varying temperatures

Water consumptive use of Radish (Rhapanus sativus L. Var sativus), as influenced by varying temperatures

Authors: Caser Ghaafar Abdel
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Abstract

Seeds of Topsi, Famox F1, Corox F1, and Altox F1 radish cultivars germinated in controlled 20 and 12oC cabinets. The objective of this experiment was to determine water consumptive use, water use efficiency and irrigation frequencies in response to 12 and 20oC temperatures. The obtained results revealed that water consumptive use, water use efficiency, and irrigation frequencies for radish grown at 20oC were 143.93 mm, 232.3 ml.g-1 edible biomass and 14.5, respectively. However, 12oC substantially reduced these parameters to 99.39mm, 82 ml.g-1 and 9.5, respectively. 0%AWC depletion gave the highest water consumptive use (167.91949mm), water use efficiency (218.1 ml.g-1), and irrigation frequencies (24). The lowest observed in 100%AWC depletion, which were 89.48mm, 163.1 ml.g-1 and 3.5, respectively. Radish irrigated by 0%AWC grown at 20oC gave the highest consumptive use (205.6157mm), water use efficiency (360.4 ml.g-1) and irrigation frequencies (30). The lowest observed in radish grown at 12oC irrigated by 100%AWC, which were 77.10589mm, 108, and 3, respectively.

Keywords: Radish, Temperatures, Water consumptive use, water use efficiency, irrigation frequency
Effects of aluminum toxicity on plant height, total chlorophyll (Chl a+b), potassium and calcium contents in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.)

Effects of aluminum toxicity on plant height, total chlorophyll (Chl a+b), potassium and calcium contents in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.)

Authors: Melika Karimaei, Vahid Poozesh
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Abstract

Toxicity of heavy metals such as aluminum and their accumulations in the food chain is one of the main environmental issues in agriculture and natural ecosystems. Aluminum is one of the most important factors limiting plant growth and reduces the efficiency of agricultural production in acid soils. Effects of the aluminum chloride (AlCl3) were studied on morphological and physiological traits in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L. var. Viroflay). For this purpose, attributes that contains plant height (root and shoot), total chlorophyll (Chl a+b) and concentrations of potassium and calcium were studied in a greenhouse. The aluminum toxicity reduced the plant growth, total chlorophyll and calcium concentrations drastically. In the presence of the aluminum, the potassium concentration increased. Due to a significant reduction in plant growth and Ca absorption which is associated with increased concentrations of aluminum, it can be concluded that Viroflay variety of spinach is not resistant to aluminum toxicity.

Keywords: heavy metals; morphological; physiological; resistant; spinach
radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. sativus) cultivars grown in controlled cabinets under Fe, Cu, Ca, Mg and K homeostasis in four varying temperatures and irrigation levels

radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. sativus) cultivars grown in controlled cabinets under Fe, Cu, Ca, Mg and K homeostasis in four varying temperatures and irrigation levels

Authors: Caser G. Abdel
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Abstract

Topsi, Famox F1, Corox F1 and Altox F1 radish cultivars were grown in controlled 20 and 12oC cabinets and they were subjected to 0, 33, 66 and 100% depletion of peat moss available water capacity (AWC). The objective of this trail was to follow the output: input of Fe, Cu, Ca, Mg and K homeostasis in roots, leaves and growing media. The obtained results revealed that 12oC was more favouable than 20oC for radish mineral accumulation. Iron accumulation in radish leaves were significantly higher than that accumulated in storage roots of radish grown under 20oC (107.56%) and 12oC (155.51%). Radish grown under 12oC extracted more iron from peat than radish grown under 20oC. Copper accumulation in leaves of radish grown under 12oC substantially exceeded that accumulated in leaves of 20oC radish by 258.58%. Calcium accumulation in leaves of radish was higher than that accumulated in roots under both temperatures. Moreover, calcium accumulation in leaves of radish grown under 12oC bypassed that of 20oC radish leaves by 139.99%. Magnesium accumulation was 31.32% higher in leaves of radish grown under 12oC than that accumulated in leaves of 20oC radish. The highest potassium was deposited in radish roots and leaves of radish grown under 20oC which substantially bypassed that of 12oC by 13.4 and 7.48%, respectively. 0 AWC% depletion highly exceeded 66AWC% (16.73%) and 100AWC% (52.46%) iron accumulation. Apparent differences were observed in Copper deposited in radish leaves where the highest (4.5236 µg g-1) was confined to 0AWC% depletion which substantially exceeded 33%AWC (171.93%), 66%AWC (54.57%) and 100%AWC (153.28%). The highest calcium content of leaves (2.47991%) was coincided with 0AWC% treatment and in calcium left in peat moss at harvesting time. which was profoundly exceeded 33%AWC% (23.01%), 66% AWC (25.86%) and wilt treatment by 32.18%. Magnesium accumulation in roots increased significantly at 33% AWC depletion which apparently exceeded 0%AWC (17.14%) and 100%AWC (21.53%) and insignificantly by passed 66%AWC. Potassium accumulated in roots was attended its maximum 9.2861% in radish grown under 66%AWC depletion. Wilted radish substantially reduced K content in roots as compared to 0%AWC (24.68%), 33%AWC (25.84%) and 66%AWC (26.59%). Wilting treatments significantly increased leaf content of K on the account of root. The superiority of Altox F1 over other investigated cultivars. It substantially exceeded Corox F1 (11.81%), Famox F1 (24.76%) and Topsi (57.35%) in term of iron deposited in storage roots. Altox F1 gave the highest leaves content of calcium which substantially exceeded Topsi (13.465%), FamoxF1 also showed superiority over Topsi by 11.41%. Therefore, cultivars can be categorized according to their mineral absorbing capabilities as follow: Altox F1> Corox F1> Famox F1>Topsi.

Keywords: Radish, Temperature, Irrigation, water stress, Iron, Copper, Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium
Analysis of leaf performances of 16 droughted and irrigated barley (Hordeum vulgare) genotypes

Analysis of leaf performances of 16 droughted and irrigated barley (Hordeum vulgare) genotypes

Authors: Caser G. Abdel and Hartmout Stutzel
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Abstract

16 Barley (Hordeum vulgare) genotypes, namely G30, G54, G65, G74, G77, G83, G94, G98, G116, G119, G126, G127, G142, G144, G154 and G169, were subjected to adequate irrigation during their growing season and to drought only during spike development stage, to evaluate the performance of 16 barley genotypes in relation to their drought resistance capabilities. The obtained results showed that droughted leaves substantially reduced water holding capacity (WHC) by 120.44% as compared to irrigated barley leaves. On the other hand drought highly increased leaf area and leaf length by 15.1 and 9.7, respectively. The best performed barley genotypes under both irrigation and drought can be put in the following sequenced order: G54, G116, G127 G30> G77, G74, G94, G98, G144, G169, G126> G154, G G142, G65> G119, G83. Performance superiorities of irrigated barley genotypes can be ordered as follow: G54, G30, G98 G154 and G116> G126, G65, G94 and G142> G74, G119, G144 and G127> G77, G169 and G83. On the other hand the superiority order under drought was as follow: G30, G54 and G142> G116 and G127> G74, G77 and G169> G65, G83, G94, G98, G119, G126, G144 and G154.

Keywords: Barley, Genotypes, Irrigation, Drought, Leaves, Water stress
Selenium enrichments of Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. Botrytis) and Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. Italica) grown under driphydroponic system hybrid 704

Selenium enrichments of Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. Botrytis) and Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. Italica) grown under driphydroponic system hybrid 704

Authors: Caser G. Abdel and H. O. Ali
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Abstract

Difano and Organza f1 Cauliflower cultivars and Calbrese Broccoli cultivars were enriched with Selenium, as they were irrigated with nutrient solutions containing 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 mg.l-1 Selenium by drip-hydroponic system. Our intention was to produce cauliflower and broccoli foods containing sufficient Selenium to cure some diseases including cancer. The obtained results revealed that all applied rates of Selenium were within the valid rates, where the highest accumulated Selenium on dry basis was (5.06 µg.g-1) which goes to 0.5 µg.g-1 in fresh edible tissues. However, increases applied Se rate tended to reduce to accumulated Se in curds and adversely affected growth. Fulvic-Humic acid reduced accumulated Se in curd and improved IAA, GA3, ABA, CK homeostasis, N, K, Cu, Zn, Fe and Ca. The best capability of Se accumulation was Difino F1 followed by Calbrese then Organza F. The lowest accumulated se (0.53 µg.g-1) in curd tissue found in Organza treated 1ml.l-1 Fulvic-Humic irrigated with 1mg.l-1 Se contained water, Calbrese (1.76µg.g-1) treated 0ml.l-1 Fulvic-Humic irrigated with 1.5 mg.l-1 Se contained water and Difino (3.06 µg.g-1) treated 2ml.l-1 Fulvic-Humic irrigated with 1.5 mg.l-1 Se contained water.

Keywords: Broccoli, Cauliflower, Selenium (Se), GA3, IAA, ABA, CK, N, K, Ca, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mineral partitioning, Drip irrigation, Hydroponic
Hood desiccation leaves performance of 16 droughted and irrigated barley (Hordeum vulgare) genotypes

Hood desiccation leaves performance of 16 droughted and irrigated barley (Hordeum vulgare) genotypes

Authors: Caser G. Abdel
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Abstract

Sixteen barley (Hordeum vulgare) genotypes, namely G30, G54, G65, G74, G77, G83, G94, G98, G116, G119, G126, G127, G142, G144, G154 and G169, were subjected to adequate irrigation during their growing season and to drought only during spike development stage, to evaluate the performance of leaves subjected to hood desiccations. The obtained results revealed that water loss from droughted barley substantially exceeded that of adequately irrigated barley at 3rd, 4th, 6th, and 10th hrs, after desiccation in controlled hood by 36.94, 82.06, 292.02, and 64.92%, respectively. In contrast, water loss from leaves of adequately irrigated barley were significantly higher than that of droughted leaves at 1st, 7th, 8th and 9th hrs by 58.42, 867.99,130.38 and 365.42%, respectively. The highest transpiration in irrigated genotypes at 7th hr was confined to G154 (20.247%).The highest transpiration of droughted barley at 7th hr was recorded in G65 (30.234%). On the other hand, the lowest transpiration of droughted barley genotypes was found in G119 (9.91%).Water loss from droughted leaves governed by linear type, whereas, irrigated leaves were dominated by quadratic type. Percentage water loss from water stressed leaves dominated that of irrigation from 1st to 6th then shifted for the favor of irrigated leaves from 7th to 11th hr. Genotypes can be categorized according to their drought resistance as fellow: G54, G116> G154, G94, G169, G74, G77, G144 G98, 127 > G30, G142, G126> G83, G65, G119.

Keywords: Barley leaves desiccation, Irrigation, Drought, water stress
Physiological disorders of four radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. sativus) cultivars storage roots grown in controlled cabinets under varying temperatures and irrigation levels

Physiological disorders of four radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. sativus) cultivars storage roots grown in controlled cabinets under varying temperatures and irrigation levels

Authors: Caser G. Abdel
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Abstract

Topsi, Famox F1, Corox F1, and Altox F1 radish cultivars grown in controlled 20 and 12oC cabinets and they subjected to 0, 33, 66, and 100% depletion of peat moss available water capacity (AWC) to determine cracking, pithiness, rootless and malformed storage roots of radish in response to varying temperatures and irrigation levels. Therefore, seeds sown in trays filled with peat moss and then subjected to the continuous 12 and 20oC. 20oC temperature significantly increased the incidences of storage root pithiness, malformed storage roots and plants failed to form storage roots, particularly in Topsi Cultivar. However, 12oC substantially increased radial and longitudinal cracks of storage roots. Inadequate watering substantially increased cracking incidences in storage roots, particularly with 66 and 100%AWC depletions. Cultivars ordered according to their potencies as following: Altox F1, Corox F1> Famox F1> Topsi.

Keywords: Radish, Temperatures, Irrigation, Physiological disorders, Pithiness, Malformed roots, Storage rootless, Root Cracking
Investigation of physiological responses of wheat under salt stress

Investigation of physiological responses of wheat under salt stress

Authors: Mojgan Mosahebeh, Mahdi khorshidi, Hassan Faridnouri
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Abstract

Salinity is a major problem which negatively affects a multitude of metabolic processes of plants resulting in reduced growth and yield of most crops. In this investigation the physiological parameters on wheat under salt stress (25 & 100 mM NaCl) were conducted. Experiments revealed that MDA and proline, accumulated under salt stress but photosynthetic pigments such as chlorophyll a, b, total and cartenoides reduced. Other parameters such as sugars and protein contents decreased under salt stress. Also, salt stress causes accumulation of AOS and the wheat physiological response is enhancement the activity of antioxidative enzymes such as guaiacol peroxidase.

Keywords: Chlorophyll; Guaiacol peroxidase; Hydrogen peroxide; Proline; Salt stress; Wheat

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