International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

Determination of appropriate grid dimension for assessment and mapping of woody Species Diversity using Geostatistical method in Zagros Forest, Iran

Determination of appropriate grid dimension for assessment and mapping of woody Species Diversity using Geostatistical method in Zagros Forest, Iran

Authors: A. Zohrevandi, H. Pourbabaei, R. Akhavan, A. E. Bonyad
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the most suitable grid (dimensions for sampling) according to the percentage of spatial structure and evaluating the accuracy of estimations of woody species diversity using geostatistics in Zagros forests, west of Iran. Sampling was carried out using circular sample plots with area of 1000m2 for 9 grid sizes in 200ha forest area. Experimental variograms were calculated and plotted for Shannon- Wiener and Simpson indices using geo-referenced inventoried plots. The calculated variograms for Shannon- Wiener and Simpson indices with grid dimensions of 150m × 200m, 200m × 200m, 200m × 400m and 150m × 600m showed a strong spatial structure, which fitted by a spherical model. The estimation and mapping for woody species diversity were made by ordinary block kriging and cross-validation results showed that the estimation were accurate. After assigning each sampling time, (E %) 2× T criterion was calculated in order to compare the methods. Sampling grid of 150m×600m for estimating Shannon- Wiener and Simpson indices had a minimum amount of E%2×T. Therefore, the 150m × 600m grid size was proposed as the most appropriate one to estimate woody species diversity in Iranian Zagros Forests.

Keywords: Species diversity, Geostatistics, Mapping, Spatial structure, Zagros forests
Salt tolerance determination in advanced mutant line of rice (Oryza sativa) at seedling stage

Salt tolerance determination in advanced mutant line of rice (Oryza sativa) at seedling stage

Authors: Parinaz Jalali, Saeid Navabpour, Ahad Yamchi, Hassan Soltanloo, Saeed Bagherikia
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Abstract

Salt stress imposes a major challenge to agricultural production, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. Rice (Oryza sativa) is the most salt-sensitive cereal crop. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the effect of salinity on the plant growth trials and some osmoprotectants concentration in two rice genotypes (Hashemi parental and Hashemi advanced mutant line). For this purpose, seedlings were grown hydroponically under 0 (control), 5 and 10 dS m-1 NaCl stresses and different growth, qualitative and physiological traits were evaluated in three times including 6 h, 48 h and 1 w after salinity treatment. The results showed that salinity significantly reduced total fresh and dry weights as well as total chlorophyll content in both genotypes. Moreover, proline and trehalose content (as osmoprotectants) significantly increased in response to salinity stress. It was revealed that Hashemi advanced mutant line significantly delayed decreasing of total chlorophyll and had the highest proline and trehalose content as compared with Hashemi parental genotype. Overall, the Hashemi advanced mutant line that had the highest chlorophyll and osmoprotectants content identified as salt-tolerant genotype.

Keywords: chlorophyll, osmoprotectants, plant growth, proline, trehalose
The Effect of Different Treatments on Seed Dormancy Breaking and Germination of Polygonum Convolvulus

The Effect of Different Treatments on Seed Dormancy Breaking and Germination of Polygonum Convolvulus

Authors: Bita Alizadeh Majd, Mohammed Mohsen Montazeri, Masoumeh Younesabadi
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Abstract

The study of weeds and providing their control and management strategies is usually associated with some problem due to weed seed dormancy and germination requirements. One of the important weeds with deep dormancy is Black bindweed (Polygonum convolvulus). In this present study in order to obtain appropriate treatment to eliminate seed dormancy gibberellic acid (GA), scarification + GA, guanine, sulfuric acid + temperature and sulfuric acid + guanine were examined in applied as separate experiments. All the experiment were conducted as factorial based on a complete randomized block design (CRD) with three replications. The results showed that Polygonum convolvulus seed treatment with sulfuric acid for 30 minutes following guanine 0.0001 M for three hours is the best method to break Polygonum convolvulus seed dormancy.

Keywords: Black bindweed, Dormancy breaking, Germination, Seed dormancy
Evaluation of Municipal Solid from Production to Disposal In The Country

Evaluation of Municipal Solid from Production to Disposal In The Country

Authors: seyed hassan rasouli, Abdolrashid Gharanjik, Abdolghaffar gharanjik
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Abstract

Pay attention to environment and human health maintanning and all of the creations in the world is one of the basic principle in the permanence of life and using the graces that abundantly is available for us.Controling the environment pollution solid wastes is formed the main part of this work. In order to pay attention principles and standard of healthy economic , has allocated a particular location in the modern sciences and technologies. Urban wastes (specially solid wastes) are one of this component of town that in attention about that can affected the urban units landscapes. Pay attention to daily development of urban areas and their uncontrolled growth of population caused the producing of many kind of urban wastes.Now whatever caused the trouble in the urban environment, nowadays is the way of gathering and inhuming the wastes. Gathering and healthy evacuation of urban solid wastes, is one of the main issues and problems of environment that many countries in the world like Iran are confronted. In this project it has been tried to provide the practical and scientific strategies by review and assessment of urban solid wastes and sound and safe management this materials related to environment from environmental crisis due to accumulation of wastes in the nature and the dewlling place of human societies specially in the urban heart of populous that actually are a the most waste producer in the villages and cities . With respect to the study of project is review and evaluation the municipal solid waste from gathering to landfill of waste in the Polesefid city, due to keeping the environmental undesirable affects require to a practical and scientific review and evaluation due to gathering waste and healthy landfill of that is perceived. Existence research is practical one and method of its applying is analytic and descriptive, that in the required data and information accumulation used the libraries procedure,attributive and studious scientific magazine , and etc.

Keywords: Valuation, Municipal solid waste,garbage,Environment,waste gathering and landfill
The study of antileishmanial effect of Medicago lupulina leaves essential oil on Leishmania major (MRHO/IR/75/ER) by MTT assay

The study of antileishmanial effect of Medicago lupulina leaves essential oil on Leishmania major (MRHO/IR/75/ER) by MTT assay

Authors: Elham Gharirvand Eskandari and Monir Doudi
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Abstract

Background and objective: Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoa of Leishmania genus and can be considered as a Zoonosis. The desease has caused the world health problems with high endemicity in developing countries such as Iran. Various chemical drugs have been used for leishmaniasis treatment, but their side effects and drug resistance haveled to look for new effective compounds. Medicago lupulina, the traditional and medicinal herb- are one valuable source of new Pharmaceutical agents. Material and Methods: The essential oil was prepared through Distillation with wather method and dried, Then solved in DMSO 5%. Leishmania major promastigotes were cultured in 2±25 °C temperature in the Schneider's medium, then in the stationary phase of RPMI-1640 culture growth medium, enriched with 10% fetal calf serum and Penicillin-Streptomycin to provide large quantity of them. Then the biological activity of essential oil was evaluated on Leishmania major promastigotes compared to glucantime drug using MTT colorometry. The optical density was measured with Eliza reader set, and the IC50 value was calculated. All tests repeated 3 times. Resalts and Discussion: Glucantime IC50 for standard parasite was equal to 12 μg/ml after 48 hours respectively. After 48 hours, IC50 for essential oil were equal to 250 μg/ml against standard parasite promastigotes respectively. Although the glucantime pharmaceutical drug was more efficient compared to investigate essential oil, the essential oil also had significantly effects on leishmania major promastigotes with higher density. Conclusion: Regarding that the studied essential oil had considerable antileishmanial effect compared to glucantime in vitro, the necessity of conducting more experiments to investigate its effect on the parasite in animal model is also appreciated.

Keywords: Leishmaniasis, Glucantime, Leishmania major, Medicago lupulina, MTT
Ferula assa-foetida as a main medical plant in east of Iran (harvesting, main characteristics and economical importance)

Ferula assa-foetida as a main medical plant in east of Iran (harvesting, main characteristics and economical importance)

Authors: Farhood Golmohammadi, Seyyed Esmaeel Ghoreyshi and Hassan Parvaneh
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Abstract

Many people in Mediterranean region who consult with spiritual healers, homeopaths and herbalists are utilizing traditional therapies. These are the first choice for problems such as liver diseases, inflammation, skin diseases, infertility, impotence, diabetes, obesity, epilepsy, psychosomatic troubles, and many other diseases. The demand for medicinal plants has increased globally due to the resurgence of interest in and acceptance of herbal medicine. Most of the demand is being met through collection of large quantities of medicinal plants and plant parts from wild populations. The methods of extraction employed are almost invariably crude and unsystematic. As a consequence, the rates of exploitation may exceed those of local natural regeneration. Ferula assa-foetida L. (Apiaceae) is a medicinal plant indigenous to Iran and Afghanistan. This plant is one of the most important among the thirty species of Ferula distributed in Iran. It is an herbaceous and perennial plant that grows up to 2 m high. One part used is an oleo-gum resin, called asa-foetida or anghoze in Persian, obtained by incision from the roots. It has been reported in Iranian folk medicine to be antispasmodic, aromatic, carminative, digestive, expectorant, laxative, sedative, nerving, analgesic, anthelmintic, aphrodisiac and antiseptic. Iran is one of the most important producers of this plant in the world. Also Ferula is one of the most important endangered medicinal plants, which is rare in nature due to poor seed germination. In this article author introduce his field, qualitative and participatory study on harvesting, main characteristics and economical importance of this valuable medicinal plant in south-khorasan province, east of Iran as a major producer and exporter.

Keywords: Ferula, harvesting, medical plant, economic, south Khorasan province, Iran
Effect of Storage Period on Physicochemical, Textural, Microbial and Sensory Characteristics of Stirred Soy Yogurt

Effect of Storage Period on Physicochemical, Textural, Microbial and Sensory Characteristics of Stirred Soy Yogurt

Authors: Javad Shahbandari, Abdolkhalegh Golkar, Seyed Masoud Taghavi, Amir Amiri
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Abstract

Development of different soy milk-based products has growing market during the last decade. This research was conducted with the aim of producing stirred soy yogurt and physicochemical, textural, microbial and sensory characteristics during 28-day storage period (days 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28) were studied. Until 14th day, pH and acidity of sample showed a significant decrease and an increase trend (P>0.05), respectively, but then pH had an upward trend and acidity had a downward trend (P>0.05). Syneresis of the samples had a downward trend from day 1 to 14 and then increased to 28 days, but the viscosity showed a continuously increasing trend (P>0.05). Mean comparison of textural parameters showed a significant increase (P>0.05) in the first day with other days (28 days of storage), but no significant difference was observed between the other days (P<0.05). There was no clear trend regarding the brightness of samples, and factors of a* and b* had no significant difference during storage. Microbial counts of samples decreased from the1 to 28th day. The sensory evaluation of stirred Soy yogurt showed that the overall acceptability of the product decreased during storage, most of which was related to the taste and flavor of the product. According to the results, this research provides good information about the production of stirred soy yogurt as a new product by adding skim milk powder, milk protein concentrate, and corn starch.

Keywords: Physicochemical, Sensory evaluation, Stirred soy yogurt, Storage period, Texture
Molecularly Imprinted Polymer as SPE Sorbent for Selective Extraction of Diphenylamine in Surface Water

Molecularly Imprinted Polymer as SPE Sorbent for Selective Extraction of Diphenylamine in Surface Water

Authors: Alireza Geramizadegan, Ali Asghar Amiri, Dadkhoda Ghazanfari
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Abstract

This paper describes the development of an analytical methodology to determine diphenylamine (DPA) in surface waters using molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) as extraction and pre-concentration material, followed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A new molecularly imprinted polymer, prepared following a non-covalent approach, was synthesised using DPA as the template molecule, methacrylic acid as functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as cross-linker. The imprinting effect of the polymer was verified by chromatographic evaluation. The polymer exhibited high adsorption capacity and good selective ability. A method for determination of trace DPA was developed using this polymer as enrichment sorbent coupled with high performance liquid chromatography focusing on surface water samples. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the DPA standard is linear within the concentration range studied, that is, from 0.1µg.mL-1 to 1µg.mL-1 (r2= 0.9869). Lower limits of detection (LOD) were 0.02µg.mL-1. Recoveries and relative standard deviation (RSD, n= 4) values for precision in the developed method were 91% and 3.0%. It was demonstrated that the proposed MI-SPE-HPLC method could be applied to direct determination of DPA in surface water.

Keywords: Diphenylamine, Molecularly imprinted polymer, Solid phase extraction
Ecological Relationships between Biotic and Abiotic parameters within the establishment of Fish Farming Cage Culture in the southern Caspian Sea

Ecological Relationships between Biotic and Abiotic parameters within the establishment of Fish Farming Cage Culture in the southern Caspian Sea

Authors: Mohammadali Afraei Bandpei, Hassan Nasrollahzadeh Saravi; Aboulghasem Roohi; Farokh Parafkandeh; Nourbakhsh Khodaparast; Houriyeh Younesipour; Abdolla...
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Abstract

This research examines the abundance and biomass of biota factor with the relation of some physicochemical parameters at the fish cage culture in the southern Caspian Sea (KelarabadMazandaran, Iran) in 2013 to 2015. Seasonal sampling was conducted at three stations, station1 (fish cage site), station 2(at a distance of 500 m west), and station 3 (at a 50 meters east of the fish cages). The aims of this study were to investigate the relationship between the density and biomass of phytoplankton, zooplankton and macrobenthos and the concentration of some heavy metals and petroleum parameters. A total of 38 species of phytoplankton, 6 species of zooplankton and 7 species of macrobenthos were identified. The results showed that the highest concentration of DON and DIN was recorded in winter which showed a positive correlation between phytoplankton and nutrients. At the present study, the abundance and biomass of phytoplankton showed reduced in the spring but in contrast the density and biomass of zooplankton was highest which would be due to full feeding of predators, zooplankton. Comparison of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) at different seasons showed that the highest amount was detected in spring and the highest concentration of Anthracene and Fluoranthene was in autumn. The results showed that the amount of pollutants in the Caspian Sea was less than the standard limited. There was not significant differences between petroleum amounts in various seasons (P>0.05). The environmental parameters analysis showed that 5 to 20 meter depths were considered as sensitive areas and a depth of 5 and 10-20 meter divided on two groups that represent the interactions between biotic and abiotic parameters on each other's activities.

Keywords: Biotic and abiotic groups, fish cages, Kelarabad, Caspian Sea
Effect of post-harvested rice conservation on Sitophilus oryzae L. in Côte d’Ivoire

Effect of post-harvested rice conservation on Sitophilus oryzae L. in Côte d’Ivoire

Authors: Mamadou Doumbia, Bleu G. Douan, Véronique Martel, Koffi E. Kwadjo, Dagobert K. Kra , Mamadou Dagnogo
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Abstract

Harvested rice in rural area in Côte d’Ivoire is stored under four main modalities: Husked and Not Parboiled Rice (HNPR), Husked and Parboiled Rice (HPR), Not Husked and Not Parboiled Rice (NHNPR) and Not Husked and Parboiled Rice (NHPR). The effect of rice treatments on S. oryzae population dynamics was thus assessed based on parameters such as the number of living individuals counted at each observation period, the evolution of the population biomass, the evolution of the cumulative percentage of mortality over time and depending on sex. Laboratory studies on some population dynamics parameters of Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera : Curculionidae) depending on these four rice conservation modalities, showed that only the (HNPR) treatment allowed a significant population growth and an important increase of the living biomass of this pest. In addition, high S. oryzae mortality rates were observed when the insect was reared on the three other rice conservation modalities. Besides, more than 50% of insect parents died during the first forty five days of the tests when the insects were reared on HPR, NHNPR and NHPR. These results will allow the conception of non-chemical management methods based on the bioecology of this pest.

Keywords: Insects, Population, Mortality, Resources, Rice processing
The Effects of different liquid extract of Swallow grass (Cynanchum acutum) on seed germination, anatomical and morphological structures of wheat (Triticum aestivum)

The Effects of different liquid extract of Swallow grass (Cynanchum acutum) on seed germination, anatomical and morphological structures of wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Authors: Abolghasem Emamjamaati, Babak Delnavaz Hashemloyahn, Ozra Ataee, Ramin Sadegh Ghol Moghadam
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Abstract

The action of allelochemicals is diverse and affects a various number of biochemical reactions resulting in modifications of different physiological functions. In this study, the allelopathic effects of Leaves extract of Swallow grass during seed germination and seedling stage as anatomic sampling in three concentrations 0, 70, 140 and 210 mL and in two types of aqueous and alcoholic extracts on seeds of wheat and Sisymbrium irio were studied. The results showed that type of extract made no difference on the traits. But the Analysis of variance of other treatments showed that different concentrations in both plant extracts decreased germination traits. Anatomical results also showed that all traits except root epidermis affected by different concentrations of extracts. In a way that the extracts reduced the thickness of measured traits.

Keywords: Allelopathy, Anatomical traits, Germination
Study evaluation of environmental risk Ramin thermal power plant using, DELPHI, AHP and FMEA methods in physicochemical environment

Study evaluation of environmental risk Ramin thermal power plant using, DELPHI, AHP and FMEA methods in physicochemical environment

Authors: Ghodratolah Siahpour, Neda Orak
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Abstract

Due to the importance of power generation and the growing importance of sustainable development, which is based on the progress with regard to the ecological principle and since power projects have Considerable potential, therefore the importance of using modern methods, is doubled. The purpose of this research is to study the environmental risk of Ramin Power Plant. In this study, Delphi method was used to identify power plant risks that by prepared a list of power plant activity and its effects on the physicochemical in the form of questionnaires and conducted a survey of members of the expert group, In terms of environmental risks in the operation and maintenance phase, Four risks in mentioned environment were identified as a risk indicator Then using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and analyzes carried out by the Expert choice software, Was estimated probability of risks and by performing failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) Two Factors the impact and probability risk detection was calculated. And risks were prioritized based on risk number. The study results indicate that the biggest number of risks (RPN) related to the risk of water pollution that the environment around the power plant with the amount of (14.016) which was recognized as the most significant risk.

Keywords: environmental risk, power plant, methods of Delphi, AHP, FMEA
Study of the effect of anti-bacterial nano-particle Fe2NiO4 on the bacteria Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae causing urinary infection resistant to some anti-biotics

Study of the effect of anti-bacterial nano-particle Fe2NiO4 on the bacteria Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae causing urinary infection resistant to some anti-biotics

Authors: Nasrin alsadat seyedghalehjouzdani
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Abstract

Background and Purpose: Using metal oxide nano-particles to fight back bacterial infection can be considered an alternative method of anti-biotics. In this article, anti-bacterial properties of nanoparticles Fe2NiO4 to fight back Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were studied as one of the important and common bacteria in urinary infection. Material and Methods: Well diffusion method was used to measure sensitivity of the bacterial mentioned to nano-particle Fe2NiO4. All experiments were performed in triplicate and soft wares SPSS/16 and statistical model MANOVA were used for statistical analysis of the data. Results: The best concentration of nano-particle Fe2NiO4 was 125 mg/ml. Moreover, the highest value of inhibition areola in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli was an average of 94/20 and 22 mm respectively. Conclusion: Findings showed that nano-particle Fe2NiO4 had more power to kill the Bactria against Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli.

Keywords: Nano-particle Fe2NiO4, Urinary Infection, Antibiotic Resistance
Cultivation of chicory (Cichorium intybus L), an extremely useful herb

Cultivation of chicory (Cichorium intybus L), an extremely useful herb

Authors: Javad roustakhiz, Jahanbakhsh Teymori Majnabadi
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Abstract

Chicory (Cichoriumintybus L.) belongs to the Asteraceae family. Because of its many uses, it is almost grown in all regions of the world. Its leaves and root are consumed as fresh or cooked vegetables and coffee substitute, respectively. All parts of the plant including roots, stems, leaves, and flowers get dry and are used as powder form in a variety of herbal medicines. Inulin is the main component of its root that has many food and medicinal uses. If its reproductive growth is not controlled, Chicory stems and fleshy roots can grow up to 2 m and 75 cm, respectively. Because of its excellent acclimation to different soils, drought, high or low temperatures and its resistance to diseases, wild chicory cultivation is very easy.

Keywords: Chicory, Cichorium intybus L, food, Pharmaceutical, forage, inulin
Properties, cultivation method and requirements of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) - an overview

Properties, cultivation method and requirements of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) - an overview

Authors: Javad roustakhiz, Abdolshakoor Raissi
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Abstract

Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) is a small annual and herbaceous plant belonging to the Apiaceae family with the flowers in white or pink color and spindle-shaped fruits in green and gray color which produces highly nutritional oleaginous seeds. C. cyminum is mainly cultivated in India, China, Saudi Arabia and neighboring countries of the Mediterranean. This crop has many uses in the pharmaceutical, food and cosmetics industry. Due to its flavor, cumin seed powder can be used as an additive in various foods, and it is the second most popular spice in the world. This plant is traditionally used in the treatment of dyspepsia, diarrhea, toothache, digestive disorders and to increase breast milk and as a disinfectant. Cumin seeds contain 2 to 5% essential oils, which is obtained from steam distillation of crushed cumin, and the composition of it depends on many factors including the time of harvest, method of extraction, type of cultivar, geographical origin and storage conditions.

Keywords: Cumin, Cuminum cyminum L., Cuminaldehyde, spice

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