International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

Analysis of the aerial parts of Artemisia. Quttensis. Podlech growing wild plant by Flame atomic absorption and XRF techniques

Analysis of the aerial parts of Artemisia. Quttensis. Podlech growing wild plant by Flame atomic absorption and XRF techniques

Authors: A.R. Sardashti, M. Pourramezan, A.A. Mohamadi
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Abstract

Kind and type of soil have considerable affect on evolution and growth of every medicinal plant, because the plants feed from air and soil for growing. Determination of mineral elements of plant and soil of habitat shows if thore exist K and Ca. which are needed for plant growth. Soil and plant samples were prepared for measurement, using XRF technique. The rate of CaO in plants leaf sample was 7.52% and in soil sample of growing place was 3.03% and in soil of blank sample was 2.69%. Measured composing percentage of K2O in the leaf sample, soil sample and blank soil sample were 5.19, 2.27 and 2.25 respectively. These results are in Full adaptation with plant growing rules.The age of plant can be estimated by K2O and CaO increase in the plant.

Keywords: Determination of mineral elements, Artemisia, Quttensis, Podlech, growing wild plant ,Flame atomic absorption and XRF techniques
The Effect of silver nanoparticle on lentil Seed Germination under drought stress

The Effect of silver nanoparticle on lentil Seed Germination under drought stress

Authors: Seyed Saeid Hojjat
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Abstract

A study was conducted to evaluate the effect s of silver nanoparticles for ameliorating negative effects of drought stress on germination and growth of lentil seeds. In order to investigate drought stress on lentil germination indices, an experiment was carried out in Iran from January to February 2015 at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, in the biotechnology Laboratory, to create drought stress, poly ethylene glycol (PEG) at the levels of 0 (as control), -0.4,-0.6, -0.9 and -1.1 Mpa and Five levels of silver nanoparticles (0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 µg mL-1) on Lentil (Lens culinaris Medic); were tested. Germination characteristics such as germination percentage (GP), germination rate (GR), shoot and root of seedling length, fresh and dry weight of seedlings and mean germination time (MGT) were measured. Results showed that the effect of different concentrations of PEG and silver nanoparticles on germination rate and germination percentage, root length, root fresh and dry weight were significant. Silver nanoparticles increased germination percentage and rate over control. Length and fresh weight of radicle was greater in stressed seedlings. The results of this experiment showed that the use of AgNPs increased the germination in lentil under drought Levels.

Keywords: Nanotechnology, silver nanoparticles, drought stress, lentil, Seed germination
Analysis of the Economic Impact of Drought on Rural Economy in Iran: A Case Study of Hir County

Analysis of the Economic Impact of Drought on Rural Economy in Iran: A Case Study of Hir County

Authors: Vakil Heidari Sareban
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Abstract

In recent years, in some countries, especially Iran, drought as one of the harsh climatic - natural disasters, has had severe impairment directly and indirectly on water reduction and the agricultural and economic variables. Ardabil Province as an agricultural area has not been exempted from that. The purpose of this study is to analyze the economic impact of drought on the economy of rural areas in Hir County. This study is descriptive - analytical in terms of research methods, practical in terms of nature and is a library and field kind of research in terms of the type of data collection. The statistical population consists of 35 villages in Hir County, of which eight were selected for this research using stratified sampling. The tool used in measuring the questionnaire was made by the researcher. Face validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by a panel of experts. Pilot study in area similar to the statistical population with a total of 30 questionnaires were performed and with acquired data and use of Cronbach's alpha formula, the reliability of the questionnaire was obtained at 0.87 in the SPSS software. For data analysis, factor analysis model was used. Also, the results obtained from factor analysis and studying farming and gardening products show that consecutive droughts have inflicted irreparable economic damages on the bodies of the villages in Hir County.

Keywords: Droughts, Drought Management, Rural Development, Water Resources Management, Rural Economy, Ardabil, Iran
Recognition and Analysis of Coping strategies with Drought in Yazd Province from Agricultural Expert Views

Recognition and Analysis of Coping strategies with Drought in Yazd Province from Agricultural Expert Views

Authors: Vakil Heidari Sareban, Soheyla Bakhtar
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to survey the strategies of coping with drought in rural areas, from the agricultural expert's viewpoints in Yazd Province. This survey is a functional type and is analytical-explanatory. The population of this study includes over four hundred and twelve (412) persons using Morgan and Krejcie's table. One hundred and eighty-five (185) of them were chosen randomly for sampling, and the tool used is a researcher’s questionnaire. Formal validity of questionnaire was proven by expert panels. A survey of the same population with thirty (30) questionnaires was done, and a finding by the use of Cronbach alpha formula in the SPSS software, obtained a stability of 0.84. To analyze the data, factor analysis model was used, and findings revealed the most important strategies with drought in the study area which includes six (6) components (economical and supportive, informative and educational, local institution reinforcement, capacity building, optimum water management and irrigation, reinforcing systematic approach and cooperative management and psychological and social)of variance and cumulative variance by these six components are 92.23. Finally, it is presented based on findings of practical research suggestions.

Keywords: Drought management, agricultural development, rural development, water source management, Iran
In vitro shoot proliferation and rooting of Lallemantia iberica under Thidiazuron exertion

In vitro shoot proliferation and rooting of Lallemantia iberica under Thidiazuron exertion

Authors: Nasrin Pourebad, Rouhollah Motafakkerazad, Morteza Kosari-Nasab, Ali Movafeghi, Nader Farsad Akhtar
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Abstract

An in vitro culture of Lallemantia iberica was established for determination of optimum period for shoot production; for this purpose, the effect of thidiazuron (TDZ), as a cytokinin-like phenylurea compound, was investigated on in vitro shoot production and growth of L. iberica during every two weeks until six weeks of culture. TDZ in different concentrations (0.22-2 mg/l) was used as a supplement to the MS medium and nodal segments were employed as explants. Based on second and forth weeks investigation, low concentrations of TDZ could improve in vitro plant growth and 0.88 mg/l TDZ was found to be best productive for shoot (5.71±0.291), node (10.46±1.310) and leave (21.63±2.339) within four weeks, but in the third stage (6th weeks), TDZ had no effective function in comparison to control treatments. Based on the results obtained, increasing TDZ concentration decreased rooting percentage for Lallemantia iberica. The best rooting percentage (83.3±16.6%) was observed for free PGRs medium (control).

Keywords: Growth parameters, Lallemantia iberica, Shoot culture, TDZ, MS medium
Evaluation of Salt Tolerance on Germination Stage and Morphological Characteristics of Some Medicinal Plants Artichoke, Flax, Safflower and Coneflower

Evaluation of Salt Tolerance on Germination Stage and Morphological Characteristics of Some Medicinal Plants Artichoke, Flax, Safflower and Coneflower

Authors: Fatemeh Gholizadeh , Abotaleb Manzari-Tavakkoli, Alireza Pazoki
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Abstract

In order to examine seed germination responses of four medicinal plant coneflower, safflower, flax and artichoke to different levels of salinity, an experiment was performed in the Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, in a Completely Randomized Design with four replications. Treatments were different levels of salinities equal to 0, 4, 8 and 12 dSm-1 obtained by NaCl. Evaluated properties were germination percentage, rate and final number of germinated seeds. The results showed that the germinated seed number and the germination percentage had an inverse relation with salinity of substrate. Salinity stress with slow decline in germination of plant safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.), flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) and artichoke (Gynara Scolymus L.). So that the salinity 12 dSm-1 germination percentage amount was high in the three plant. Germination rate under salt stress linearly decreased in all plants. The germination rate compared with germination percentage in plants assessment showed greater sensitivity to salt stress. The results showed that the germination stage, flax and safflower plant tolerant to salinity, artichoke is moderately resistant and coneflower saltsensitive. According to the results, salt effect on studied varieties and interaction characters were significant at 1% level. In this research some characters as rate and percent of germination, root and shoot length, root to shoot ratio and dry weight of plantlet with increasing of salt in four medicinal plant decreased.

Keywords: Germination percentage, NaCI salinity, Medicinal plant, Seedling growth characters
Using multivariate regression model & GIS to Site selection of Rain Water Harvesting (RWH)

Using multivariate regression model & GIS to Site selection of Rain Water Harvesting (RWH)

Authors: Siamak Dokhani
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Abstract

Site selection for Rain Water Harvesting (RWH) technique is one of the most important challenges to obtain more water to increasing production of cultivation in semi humid and semi arid areas. GIS methods and statistical analysis can combine to product applied maps and models to determine the best site selection for (RWH) technique. in this research used multi variate regression model and GIS to site selection for RWH technique, vegetation, land use, precipitation, slope and drainage(density of streams) used as independent variable and rank for RWH technique used as dependent variable. Results show that there is meaningful relation between dependant and independent variable in one percent platform. Combination of GIS and multi variate regression model is beneficial for aim of this research.

Keywords: semi humid and semi arid areas, multi variate regression, Rain Water Harvesting (RWH)
Investigation of characteristics and cultivation of sweet corn: A Review

Investigation of characteristics and cultivation of sweet corn: A Review

Authors: Mohammad Hossein Haddadi
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Abstract

Most sweet corn varieties are hybrids which have been bred for greater vigor and higher yields. Sweet corn varieties are available in yellow, white, or bicolored types, with varying maturity dates from early to mid- to late season . Maturity dates will vary from year to year and by location depending on weather (primarily temperature). On a farm with similar rotations, soil, and management ,sweet corn yield increased predictably in relation to N application rate. Eight sweet corn hybrids in 2007-2009and nine sweet corn hybrids in 2005-2008 with conventional sweet corn (SC403) were compared. Expriments were conducted in Iran. The result in 2005-2008 was showed that three way cross 401 had the highest kernel yield with 6.04t/ha.SC403 had 5.64t/ha kernel yield. The result in 2007-2009 showed that higher kernel yields were resulted from hybrids BASIN and POWER HOUSE with 7.66 and 7.31 t/ha respectively .these hybrids had higher yield than the check (SC403 ) with 6.11 t/ha.

Keywords: Characteristic, hybrid, sweet corn, yield
Effects of silver nanoparticle exposure on germination of Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.)

Effects of silver nanoparticle exposure on germination of Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.)

Authors: Seyed Saeid Hojjat, Hamidreza Hojjat
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Abstract

An investigation carried to examine the effects of Silver Nanoparticle on germination parameters of lentil seeds such as germination index, root long, shoot long, fresh mass and dry mass under control condition. The study was carried out in a randomized block design with three replications. Five levels of silver nanoparticles (0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 µg mL-1) were used. Germination percentage did not affect significantly amongst the various treatments. Lentil seedling under Silver Nanoparticle recorded significantly higher root length, shoot length, Dry Mass and speed of germination over control. Mean germination time was also recorded significantly lower under nano particles treatment than control. The results showed that the effect of AgNPs was significant on germination percentage in P ≤ 0.05. The results of this experiment showed that the use of AgNPs increased the germination in lentil.

Keywords: Nanotechnology, silver, lentil, Seed germination
Determine of Energy indicators and Modeling of output energy for alfalfa production using artificial neural network in Lorestan province of Iran

Determine of Energy indicators and Modeling of output energy for alfalfa production using artificial neural network in Lorestan province of Iran

Authors: Mohadeseh Ahmadvand
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine energy use pattern and predict the output yield for alfalfa production in Lorestan province of Iran. The data used in this study were collected from growers by using a face to face survey. The results revealed that diesel fuel (43.36%), electricity (24.25%) and N fertilizer (12.42%) consumed the bulk of energy. Energy use efficiency, energy productivity and net energy were found to be 4.83, 0.27 and 190383.09 MJ ha-1respectively. In this study, several direct and indirect factors have been identified to create an artificial neural networks (ANN) model to predict alfalfa production. The final model can predict output yield based on human power, machinery, diesel fuel, chemical fertilizer, water for irrigation, seed and chemical poisons. The results of ANNs analyze showed that the (7‐12‐12‐1)‐MLP, namely, a network having 12 neurons in the first and second hidden layer was the best‐suited model estimating the alfalfa production. For this topology, R2 and RMSE were 0.0457, and 96%, respectively.

Keywords: Artificial Neural Network; Energy use Efficiency; Alfalfa; Energy;lorestan province
Efficacy of cross-sectoral platforms on strengthening sustainable business operation in Nepal

Efficacy of cross-sectoral platforms on strengthening sustainable business operation in Nepal

Authors: Sony Baral, Bijendra Basnyat, Rajendra Khanal, Yam Malla, Kalyan Gauli, & Sophie Grouwels
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Abstract

Cross-sectoral policy platforms with representation of the governments, public and private sector was established at the local and national levels to strengthen on sustainable business operation. This research explores the efficacy of the cross-sectoral platform following a case study approach. The research consulted 20 Cross Sectoral Platform members, 12 producer network members at the district and national levels and conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with the producer groups. The result shows that the platform has been quite instrumental in addressing the policy hurdles, strengthening business linkages, building partnerships and leveraging resources. The paper concludes that platform is effective in addressing policy-related problems faced by small holders’ producer groups along with improving accountability of public service delivery organizations.

Keywords: Forest and Farm Enterprise; Multi-stakeholder; Partnership; Producers; Public policy; Service delivery
Islam Abad joint stock farming company at Qaenata successful model for sustainable rural livelihood and development during half century in east of Iran

Islam Abad joint stock farming company at Qaenata successful model for sustainable rural livelihood and development during half century in east of Iran

Authors: Farhood Golmohammadi, Mohammad Ghafoorian
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Abstract

The economy of Iran is a mixed and transition economy with a large public sector. Agriculture contributes just over 11% to the gross national product and employs a third of the labor force. About 11% of Iran's land is arable. Primitive farming methods, overworked and under-fertilized soil, poor seed and water scarcity are the principal obstacles to increased production. About one third of total cultivated land is irrigated. Agricultural production is increasing as a result of modernization, mechanization, improvements to crops and livestock as well as land redistribution programs. Since the 1979 revolution commercial farming has replaced subsistence farming as the dominant mode of agricultural production. In before the revolution, farming joint stock companies' creation along with other modern farming systems, a strategy is to change inefficient structures of the agricultural sector. Therefore, some experts of regional believe that with changes in the organizational structure farming joint stock companies, we can hopeful to its useful in agriculture and rural development. We see appearance of this belief in create of Islam Abad joint stock farming Company at Qaenat as one the first joint stock company that established in 1968 in South Khorasan Province. In this article author investigating economic and social effects of making this company in various aspects at sustainable development and security in rural, boundary and desert regions of east of Iran. Results of this study show that establishing Islam Abad joint stock farming company have a great impact and huge effects on accessing to goals and objectives of sustainable development, livelihood, employment and security in these regions of east of Iran.

Keywords: joint stock farming company, Islam Abad, livelihood, sustainable, South Khorasan Province, Iran INTRODUCTI
Comparing Two Statistical Models for Studying Genotype x Environment Interaction and Stability Analysis in Flax

Comparing Two Statistical Models for Studying Genotype x Environment Interaction and Stability Analysis in Flax

Authors: Ashraf A. Abd El Mohsen, Mohamed M. Amein
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Abstract

This study was conducted at the Agricultural Research Station, Cairo University at Giza Governorate, Egypt during 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 seasons to assess genotype x environment interaction and stability of straw and seed yields of seven flax cultivars, namely Sakha 1, Sakha 2, Sakha 3, Sakha 4, Giza 9, Giza 10 and S.46/4 under different nitrogen levels i.e. 20, 35 and 50 kg N/fad. The field experiments were laid out in a split-plot design with three replications in both years. The obtained results showed that fertilizer rate (50 kg N /fed) was the most suitable environment for straw yield. On the other hand the fertilizer rate (35 kg N/fed) was the most suitable environment for seed yield. Combined analysis of variance of straw and seed yields of seven cultivars tested at six environments showed highly significant (p<0.01) difference between the cultivars, environments and GEI, suggesting differential response of cultivars across testing environments and the need for stability analysis. Several biometrical methods are available for analysis of G-E interaction and yield stability. The models of Eberhart and Russell (1966) and genotype plus GE interaction (GGE) biplot analysis applied to study genotype x environment interaction and were compared for their efficiency empirically. The results indicated that the environments of evaluation greatly differed. The results indicated that the environments of evaluation greatly differed. Both statistical stability models, i. e. Eberhart and Russell (1966) as well as (GGE) biplot analysis, indicated that cultivars Sakha 1, Sakha 2 and Giza 9 were the most high yielding and stable cultivars for straw yield and only cultivar Sakha 2 for seed yield. Stability analysis revealed that some cultivars considered stable for straw yield were found to be unstable for seed yield. This result suggests that stability of a complex trait (such as seed yield) may not depend on stability of straw yield trait. Different stability parameters explained genotypic performance differently, irrespective of straw and seed yield performance. It was accordingly concluded that assessment of G × E interaction and yield stability should not be based on a single or a few stability parameters but rather on a combination of stability parameters. The GGE-biplot method was a more efficient tool to analyze GE interaction, because it can provide the biplots and information on genotype, environment and their interaction, while the Eberhart and Russell analysis give information only on genotype evaluation.

Keywords: Flax, Genotype-environment, Stability analysis, GGE biplot
Factors Influencing the Sustainability of Wheat Production in Iran, A Case Study: Showt County

Factors Influencing the Sustainability of Wheat Production in Iran, A Case Study: Showt County

Authors: Vakil Heidari Sareban, Norolla Oriadi
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Abstract

Sustainable utilization of wheat system depends on many factors such as ecological, economic, and social factors which recognition of these factors could play a role in the formulation of policies and strategies for sustainable agriculture. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting the sustainability of wheat cultivation system in the county is Showt .The statistical populations of this survey are the wheat cultivators of Showt County, West Azerbaijan involving 2,000 people. Of this survey population, 179 randomly selected as statistical sample survey and questionnaires were completed by 200 to enhance the reliability of the survey and 170 questionnaires were ascertainable. The sample size was determined based on the Cochran formula. Collection tools were a questionnaire investigating its validity was confirmed by several professors .The population was initially tested in the same region and with the data obtained using a special formula Cronbach alpha using the software SPSS, the reliability of the questionnaire was 84.15 percent, which is acceptable .The results showed that except for the distribution of land, there was a significant positive relationship among all variables and stability of wheat cultivation. The results of analysis of variance showed that 18% of the variance factors affecting the sustainability of cropping system were explained by variable farming, sustainable agricultural knowledge, the impact of class, education and promotion and membership in the cooperative firms .Finally, according to the research results, practical suggestions are provided.

Keywords: Sustainable Agriculture, Agricultural Development, the Cultivation of wheat, Showt County, Iran
Effect of Weight and Length on Electrolyte of Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus)

Effect of Weight and Length on Electrolyte of Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus)

Authors: YELWA, S. T , SOLOMON, R.J.
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Abstract

This study investigates the effect of electrolyte on length and weight of Clarias gariepinus in commercial fish ponds in kuje and Gwagwalada. 90 blood samples were collected within the period from the 5th of March to the 10th of April, 2015. The sample was group into three, based on their weight and length. Group one ranging from 10-30cm in length and 180-270g in weight, Group two from 31- 50cm in length and 271-300g in weight, while Group three ranged from 51-60cm and 301-500grams. Each blood sample was taken to and tested for electrolyte. Empirical data of results obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to test for level of significance between the three groups of fishes. The mean value of sodium is 108.2, 126.91 and 126.87 for group 1, 2 and 3 respectively, the mean value of potassium is 3.78, 4.26 and 3.99 for group 1, 2 and 3 respectively, the mean value of chloride is 84.72, 85.47, and 85.22 for group 1, 2 and 3 respectively, at (p<0.05) level of significance. There was no significant difference between the three groups of fishes for sodium, potassium and chloride as they all fall under their normal range.

Keywords: Clarias gariepinus, Electrolyte, and potassium

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