International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

Automatic Farm Managment System in Modern Cities Using Image Processing

Automatic Farm Managment System in Modern Cities Using Image Processing

Authors: S.Reshma Parveen, R.Renuka devi and Rasheeda Begum
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Abstract

Recent technological advances have paved the way for developing and offering advanced services for the stakeholders in the agricultural sector. A paradigm shift is underway from proprietary and monolithic tools to Internet-based, open systems that will enable more effective collaboration between stakeholders. This new paradigm includes the technological support of application developers to create specialized services that will seamlessly interoperate, thus creating a sophisticated and customisable working environment for the end users. We present the implementation of an open architecture that instantiates such an approach, based on a set of domain independent software tools called ‘‘generic enablers’’ that have been developed in the context of the FI-WARE project. The implementation is used to validate a number of innovative concepts for the agricultural sector such as the notion of a services’ market place and the system’s adaptation to network failures. During the design and implementation phase, the system has been evaluated by end users, offering us valuable feedback. The results of the evaluation process validate the acceptance of such a system and the need of farmers to have access to sophisticated services at affordable prices. A summary of this evaluation process is also presented in this project. The system consists of sensor networks and a software control system. The sensor network consists of temperature sensor,humidity sensor,soil moisture sensor. The readings obtained from the sensors or the inline cameras are feed for image processing methods and algorithms for grading. A few to name them are classifiers like neural network and fuzzy based classifier. The hardware control center communicates with a middleware system via serial network interface converters. The middleware communicates with a hardware network using an underlying interface and it also communicates with a web system using an upper interface. The top web system provides users with an interface to view and manage the hardware facilities ; administrators can thus view the status of agricultural status in order to remotely manage the temperature, humidity and irrigation.

Keywords: Agriculture,GSM,Image processing,sensor
Technical, Allocative and Economic Efficiencies of Potato Production in Iran

Technical, Allocative and Economic Efficiencies of Potato Production in Iran

Authors: Ali Shahnavazi
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Abstract

In this study technical, allocation and economic efficiencies of 22 potato producing provinces in Iran was investigated using data envelopment analysis approach. The Results showed that average technical, allocative and economic efficiencies were 0.98, 0.77 and 0.75, respectively. It was indicated that it had been possible to reduce the production cost by 25 percent The results identified that the consumption of seed, manure, herbicides, fungicides, nitrogen, direct labor and water was more than the optimal economic amount and insecticides and potash were used less than optimum amount. The results clearly indicated that the main problem in potato production of Iran was resource allocation, so by optimizing the input usage, the profit margin could be increased. The optimum use of seed, manure, herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, phosphates, nitrogen, potash, direct labor was calculated 2633.6 kg, 3.6 ton, 0.7 kg, 1.1 kg, 0.5 kg, 124.2 kg, 181 kg, 58 kg, 17 day-person and 7501762 Rials, respectively. It was expected that efficiency improving could reduce potato production cost about 15189913 Rials almost 22 present per hectare.

Keywords: Technical Efficiency, Economic Efficiency, Optimal Allocation, Production Management
Status-assessment of the functions of agricultural extension system in accomplishing food security (A case of Jihad-e Agriculture Organization in Kohgiluyeh and Boyerahmad province)

Status-assessment of the functions of agricultural extension system in accomplishing food security (A case of Jihad-e Agriculture Organization in Kohgiluyeh and Boyerahmad province)

Authors: Zahra Nazari, MostafaAhmadvand, PeymanFalsafi ,Kurosh Rezaei-Moghaddam
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Abstract

The functions of the agricultural extension system and their components towards food security were surveyed on a statistical population composed of the experts of Jihad-e agricultural organization in Kohgiluyeh and Boyerahmad province, Iran. The sample size was determined to be 89 individuals by Krejcie and Morgan (1970)’s table who were selected by simple randomization method with proportional allocation. Data collection instrument was a questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by a panel of academic and executive experts and whose reliability was assessed to be 0.78-0.90 by Cronbach’s alpha. The results showed that the status quo and the optimal status of the agriculture extension system functions and their components differed significantly. Accordingly, it is recommended to strengthen the functions of this system to attain food security by revising skill-vocational training system, empowering the extension agents, and training human resource of the extension network.

Keywords: food security, agricultural development, food poverty, extension function, agricultural extension system
Evaluation of milk production efficiency in large dairy farms in northwest of Iran

Evaluation of milk production efficiency in large dairy farms in northwest of Iran

Authors: Ali Shahnavazi
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Abstract

This research investigates the efficiency of milk production in dairy farms with an annual production of more than 30 tons in Mianeh city of East Azarbaijan province, northwest of Iran. The Data was collected by completing the questionnaire and Deap software package was used for analyzing the data. The results of the study showed that the average technical efficiency of 28 units in the constant and variable returns to scale were 0.86 and 0.89, respectively. Among the dairy farms, units 21 and 24 were selected as the reference (six times) more than the rest. According to the results in nine units (32%), there was a possibility to increase production by a total of 217.64 tons per year, which was equivalent to an increase of 10.7% in current production.

Keywords: Technical Efficiency, Economic Efficiency, Optimal Allocation, Production Management
Estimation of Genetic Parameters and Interrelationship among Important Traits in Bread Wheat

Estimation of Genetic Parameters and Interrelationship among Important Traits in Bread Wheat

Authors: ANWAR SHAH, GHULAM HASSAN , FAROOQ-I-AZAM , JALAL AMIN , ASHFAQ AHMAD AND FARMAN GHANI
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Abstract

In the present studies wheat genotypes along with their F3 populations were evaluated to estimate variability, heritability, genetic advance and correlation among yield and yield related traits. The experiment was conducted in the experimental field of Nuclear Institute for Food and Agriculture, Peshawar during 2015-16. Eight F3 populations namely, Barsat × NR 395, Lalma × Barsat, Lalma × NR 397, Marvi × RIL 0815, NRL 0707 × Barsat and NRL 1107 × Lalma along with their parents were evaluated in a randomised complete block design with three replications. Highly significant differences were observed for the target traits indicating the existence of variability and potential for improvement through selection. Greater magnitude of heritability coupled with high genetic advance for most of the traits suggest that improvement of these characters could be faster. Selection on the basis of these traits would be more fruitful as they are least influenced by the environment due to additive gene affects. The most promising cross combinations were Barsat × NR 395, Marvi × NRL 1107, NRL 1107 × Lalma, NR 0707 × Barsat and RIL 0815 × Barsat. These crosses deserve more attention in future wheat improvement programs for development of high yielding wheat cultivars. Fertile tillers plant-1, biological yield plant-1, 100-grain weight and harvest index had significant positive relation with grains yield plant-1 pointing out their utility as direct selection criteria for isolation of superior genotypes from genetically mixed populations.

Keywords: Genetic Parameter, Bread Wheat, Genotypes
Genetic diversity study in some Barley diverse landraces based on RAPD markers in Kurdistan region of Iraq

Genetic diversity study in some Barley diverse landraces based on RAPD markers in Kurdistan region of Iraq

Authors: Hana Hamidi
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Abstract

In this study, the molecular variation of 10 Barley diverse landraces was estimated using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. These landraces were collected from different bioclimatic Kurdistan region of Iraq. The amplification products varied from 5 to 11 bands ranging between 260 and 2900 bp. On 81 fragments counted, 51 are polymorphic showing a high level of polymorphism (71.8%). The phylogenetic relationship between the studied landraces was evaluated according to phylogenetic tree based on (UPGMA) method that classified barley landraces in 4 homogeneous groups. Among which, the group C included the majority of the landraces with the introduced variety ‘Sharazor‘. The genetic distance between these landraces is reduced, may be because of the presence of a common ancestor which led to a low genetic diversity. The result of the study indicated that the registered varieties in our country, possesed relatively low genetic variation.

Keywords: Barley, Genetic Variation, Kurdistan, Iraq, RAPD marker
Interaction effect of amount of irrigation water and levels of applied nitrogen on tomato yield and quality using drip irrigation

Interaction effect of amount of irrigation water and levels of applied nitrogen on tomato yield and quality using drip irrigation

Authors: Kinan M. Kadir
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Abstract

In the current study, in order to application of nitrogen with appropriate management water in pressurized irrigation system to obtaining desired function was investigated. Also, the costs and environmental pollution in tomato tillage test as random splits was studied. The results showed that the main factor from water volume based on need water was determined in three surface 75%, 100% and 125%, and also the absolute factor of nutritional element from nitrogen as purify nitrogen was measured in four surface 0, 75, 150 and 225 kg in per hectare. This evaporates and potential were used to determine the irrigation coefficient and efficient rainfall. The potential evapotranspiration, precipitation and efficient irrigating coefficient was used to determine the need for irrigation. Also the Hager’s method was used to account for evaporation and potential transpiration. Plant response include product performance and some fruit quality characteristics such as TSS, Vitamin C and pH as well as water use efficiency by using Danken analysis. According to results of this study, the effect of each factor on the surface of the water level irrigation and nitrogen N on yield and water use efficiency is another factor influenced. Also, increasing the amount of vitamin C in fruits due to an increase in surface irrigation and other results in low levels of the nitrogen. Sea-level rise at low nitrogen levels led to a reduction in water use efficiency, but it is N, T meaningful to reduce water use efficiency in the high level of increase nitrogen levels were increased nitrogen.The amount chlorophyll, the density of nitrogen in level of and the concentration of nitrate the fruits increase density and reduce nitrate in the soil due to increased levels of nitrogen will call attention to increased levels of irrigation water from other plants. Also, increasing the amount of vitamin C in fruits reached due to an increase in surface irrigation and other results in low levels of the nitrogen.

Keywords: Azote, Drip, Nitrogen levels, Tomato production
Effects of Shilajit Extract on Improving Burn in Rats

Effects of Shilajit Extract on Improving Burn in Rats

Authors: Mustafa Pordeli, Zahra Zare, Ali Moghiseh
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Abstract

The most important factor in healing wounds, especially, the wound of burn,is prevention of its infection. Shilajit is the natural compound derived from plants in the rocky mountainous. Researchs have shown it has inhibitory effect on Pseudomonas growth. According to role of this substance in traditional medicine and treatment of diseases, particularly bone fractures the aim of this study is to investigate the effects of Shilajit on burn wound healing in rats. Experiments were done on three groups of mice that were burned with 10 repetitions. The control group did not receive any restorative material. for other group, Shilajit solution with a concentration of 18 grams per deciliter was used for wound healing and for the third group was used Silver sulfadiazine ointment on the burns. Percent of improvement in different days of treatment, were calculated with the Feragson and Logan formula. Data were analyzed and compared by using SPSS software. The results showed that the use of Shilajit has statistically significant difference compared to the control and use of Silver sulfadiazine ointment. It seems this healing associated with Shilajit inhibitory effects on the growth of bacteria, elimination of inflammation, increasing growth factors and synthesis of collagen and other factors.

Keywords: Burn, Plant Extract, Rat, Shilajit, Silver Sulfadiazine, Traditional Medicine
Study of genetic diversity of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) populations in Kurdistan region of Iraq by Morphological markers

Study of genetic diversity of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) populations in Kurdistan region of Iraq by Morphological markers

Authors: Kamal Mohammad-Said Ahmad
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Abstract

Determining the status of genetic Characteristics in living animals and insect is the first step in their breeding. In the current study, a random sample of honey bee workers (400) was taken from 40 colonies in three cities of Sulaymaniyah province in Kurdistan region of Iraq. 12 morphological characters (i.e. the proboscis length, hind leg length, forewing width, forewing length, A4, D7, G18 angles, cubital index, tergit3 + tergit4 length, slenderness index, scutellum color, third & forth tergit color) were measured. Honey bee colonies of three cities have been separated perfectly using morphological characters. The results of study showed that the genetic diversity among and between of honey bee populations in these regions is high. This research provided new information about genetic diversity in selected local honeybee in Kurdistan region of Iraq and will be useful for selection, future local biodiversity conservation and controlled breeding programs.

Keywords: Honey bee, Apis mellifera meda, morphological characters, Kurdistan, Iraq
Brown spot disease of yam tubers (Dioscorea spp.): Diagnosis and control method

Brown spot disease of yam tubers (Dioscorea spp.): Diagnosis and control method

Authors: K. Séka, K.P. Assiri, K. E. Kwadjo, F.K.Yao, H. Atta Diallo
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Abstract

Tubers of some varieties of Bètè-bètè and Sao (Dioscorea alata) are damaged by circular brown spots called Internal Brown Spot Disease or IBSD. IBSD depreciates the market value and organoleptic characteristics of tubers. One or several viruses have been associated with these spots. The etiology of this disease is not known. Given the enormous losses caused by this virus, it is necessary to identify the virus or viruses responsible for this disease in Côte d'Ivoire in order to propose appropriate control methods. To this end, diagnostic surveys, evaluation of epidemiological parameters and molecular analyzes were performed on symptomatic or asymptomatic leaf and tuber samples collected in Toumodi and Bouaké areas. The effectiveness of some control methods has also been determined. The diagnostic survey revealed an incidence of 80 % for IBSD in both production areas with a severity 4 (scale of 1 to 5).There is no close relationship between the presence of foliar symptoms of viruses and that of brown spots in tubers. In addition, for plants with symptoms of viral diseases, the severity of leaf symptoms changes with that of brown spots. Molecular analysis of tubercles with brown spots revealed the presence of bacilliform bands resembling those of Badnaviruses. However, the implication of this virus as agent responsible for the disease has not yet been proved. Thermotherapy, carbofuran and callicuivre have reduced the severity of IBSD. Thermotherapy (soaking seeds for 15 min in water at 50 ° C) reduces the severity of symptoms and gives satisfactory results.

Keywords: Badnavirus, control method, Dioscorea alata, etiology, IBSD

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