International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

Optimization of Energy Consumption in canola Production Using linear programming “A Case study in Kangavar county”, Iran

Optimization of Energy Consumption in canola Production Using linear programming “A Case study in Kangavar county”, Iran

Authors: Shahram Abbas Abadi, Abdolmajid Mahdavi Damghani, Fayaz Aghayari, Mehdi Rezaee
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Abstract

The canola (Brassica napus) is a widely cultivated plant in the gourd family (Brasicaceae). Total land area under canola production in Iran is about 86000 ha which produces average 2.5 ton/ha. Kangavar is important canola producing in Kermanshah Iran. Energy use in agricultural production has become more intensive due to the use of fossil fuel chemical fertilizers, pesticides, machinery and electricity to provide substantial increases in food production. However, more intensive energy use has brought some important human health and environment problems, so efficient use of inputs has become important in terms of sustainable agricultural production. The objective of the present study was to analysis the energy efficiency on canola production systems in Kangavar county of Iran. The results revealed that the total energy input use on canola production is about 37944MJ/ha. The highest share of total energy input was recorded for electricity (61.1%), diesel fuel (15%) and N fertilizer (12%) respectively. the average annual yield for canola production systems were found to be 3246 kg/ha and that their total energy equivalent was 81158 MJ/ha. The amount of energy use efficiency, Energy productivity and net energy was 2.1, 0.08 Kg/MJ and 42213 MJ/ha. result of this study show that by optimization of energy inputs total energy input reduced 6781 MJ/ha.

Keywords: canola, energy, productivity, linear programming
Evaluation of Betanal Progress of herbicide effects on root morphological traits of sugar beet

Evaluation of Betanal Progress of herbicide effects on root morphological traits of sugar beet

Authors: Seyedeh Mozhgan Hosseini, Hossein Najafi, Mohammad Javad Mirhadi and Eskandar Zand
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Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluation of Betanal Progress OF herbicide on root morphological traits of sugar beet. The experimental design was factorial on the basis of randomized complete block with four replications. Treatments consisted of four different formulations of the herbicide Betanal Progress F (Iranian, Spanish, German and Chinese) with four different dosages (3, 4, 4.5 and 5 liters per hectare). Evaluated traits included fresh root weight, dry root weight, root diameter and root length. Result showed that formulation and dosage of herbicide had significant effect on traits at 5 or 1% statistical levels, also, Spanish formulations had the better result for diameter and length of root sugar beet and application of 4.5 and 5 liters per hectare treatments showed the best results in most traits, so, application of Spanish formulation and 4.5 liter per hectare proposed for sugar beet field.

Keywords: Herbicide, Root, Morphological Traits, Control, Weed
Investigation of the effects in spatial changes of cushion species in the production of sediments by means of RUSLE model (Case study: Summer Rangeland of Jashlobar in Semnan)

Investigation of the effects in spatial changes of cushion species in the production of sediments by means of RUSLE model (Case study: Summer Rangeland of Jashlobar in Semnan)

Authors: Mehrnoosh Parsa, Abdorreza Bahremand, Hamidreza Saeidi Goraghani, Mohammad Hassan Jouri and Ali Asghar Hashemi
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Abstract

Vegetation has a positive and important role in the hydrological cycle and also in or the reduction of erosion and sediments. Considering the rule or Based on / according to this role, a study was performed in the shrubberies of Rangeland in Semnan Province which the evaluation of cushion vegetation in prevention from production through sediment in the hillsides has been performed by RUSLE model in two sites. (In each of the two sites, with the distance of four_ kilometer apart,)In each site which has distance from each other, there are 6 standard plots (by 22.1 in 1.82 meter dimension) in two different slopes including 15 and 45%, which are in two directions of south and north. Gathering of the sediments and run offs at the end of these plots is performed and the length of the plots is in the direction of hillside's slope. Regarding the results or Based on the results which are related to the simple linear regression at the first site, increase of cushion plant vegetation in the middle of hillside highly has been decreased sediments and at the second site, in the lower part of hillside, by increasing of cushion plant vegetation with more amounts, the produced sediments has been reduced. In the middle part of hillside, with little difference than its lower part, the more effect had been in comparison with upper part and in comparison, two sites in the middle part of hillside than lower and upper parts of hillside, the increase of cushion plant vegetation highly caused reduction of the produced sediments from hillside. The investigation of efficiency of RUSLE model was performed by means of comparison the computational amounts with observational amounts, by Nash-Sutcliffe method for computational amounts of -0.103 for the first site and -0.065 for the second site which showed non-efficiency of the model in this area. It seems that the obtained results from this model have not had or has no high accuracy for estimation of sediments resulted from cloudbursts in the present study.

Keywords: Cushion species, Sediment, RUSLE model, Jashlobar Rangeland
Biochemical and Morphological Response of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to Salinity Stress and Vitamin B12

Biochemical and Morphological Response of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to Salinity Stress and Vitamin B12

Authors: Hamed Keshavarz, Seyed Ali Mohammad Modares Sanavy
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Abstract

The effects of saline water irrigation and cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12) priming were evaluated on some growth parameters and biochemical attributes of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Effects were determined by leaf area, root and shoot length, root and shoot dry matter, antioxidant enzyme activity, protein content, chlorophyll and carotenoids, lipid peroxidation and proline accumulation. The results demonstrated that application of vitamin B12 provided significant protection against salinity stress compared with non treated plants. In addition, vitamin B12 application showed a significant effect on morphological characteristics. According to the outcomes, antioxidant enzyme activity, lipid peroxidation, carotenoid and proline accumulation increased due to NaCl stress while protein, chlorophyll and carotenoids decreased. Seed priming with vitamin B12 induced these stimulatory effects on all the measured parameters. Root protein content and leaf carotenoid content were not affected by vitamin treatment under conditions of salinity stress. These results suggest that, vitamin B12 may have a critical role as an effective antioxidant and regulates osmotic balance thereby enhancing bean plant’s resistance to salinity stress.

Keywords: Antioxidant activity, Common bean, Cyanocobalamin, Dry matter, Photosynthetic pigments, Plant height
Drift in sprayers and effects of weather conditions on drif

Drift in sprayers and effects of weather conditions on drif

Authors: Faeze Behzadeepour, Mahmoud Ghasemi nezhad raeeni
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Abstract

Attention to the safety and environmental issues in all sectors of agriculture, industry and services in different countries is important. In the agriculture, each year many efforts has been done to find alternatives methods, but millions liters of toxic substances for control pests are uses, each year. Pesticide spraying drift at during or afterwards spraying to the non-target is an important issue for manufacturers and users of sprayer. Complete removal the drift is not possible, Therefore, with providing management solutions such as choosing the right chemicals, efficient use of amount of pesticide consumption, drift affecting factors and proper operation of spraying equipment in the favorable weather conditions can be minimized drift.

Keywords: Drift, Environmental, sprayers and weather conditions
The effect of herbicides application with different doses to chemical control of weeds in garlic farms (Aliium sativum L.) and its impact on soil fauna

The effect of herbicides application with different doses to chemical control of weeds in garlic farms (Aliium sativum L.) and its impact on soil fauna

Authors: Mohammad Raoofi, Somayeh Giti
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Abstract

In order to investigate the effect of different herbicides application with recommended doses and 25 % lower than that on weeds in garlic farms and its impact on soil fauna, an experiment through the completely randomized block design with three repetitions during cropping season 2012-2013 in the Maryanj village, the city of Hamadan was performed. The examined treatments included the use of herbicides Sethoxydim, Oxyfluorfen, Trifluralin, haloxyfop-R methyl ester, and Chlorthal-Dimethyl; all with recommended dosage respectively, 3, 1.5, 2.5, 1 liter and 8 kg per hectare and 25 % less than the recommended dose, respectively include 2.25, 1.12, 1.87, 0.75 liter and 6 kg/hectare, lack of control model (lack of weeding) and weed control model (weeding). The results showed that Oxyfluorfen herbicide with reduced dose caused remarkably reduction in a wide range of farm weeds. The only herbicide, which caused leaf scorch of garlic, was Sethoxydim which is not recommended in garlic agriculture. Oxyfluorfen devoted the most edaphic mites to itself and in terms of environmental preservation was considered the best treatment and had the less negative effects on soil fauna.

Keywords: Garlic, Weeds, Herbicide, Reduced Dosage, Soil Fauna
Organoleptic evaluation of potato after using of pre drying, slices dimensions and Psyllium seed hydrocolloid-coating

Organoleptic evaluation of potato after using of pre drying, slices dimensions and Psyllium seed hydrocolloid-coating

Authors: Elnaz Taleschi Amirkhizi, Orang Eyvazzadeh and Simin Asadollahi
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Abstract

Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is one of the world’s major agricultural crops and it is consumed daily by millions of people from diverse cultural backgrounds. The objective of this work was to determine organoleptic traits of potato after using of pre drying, slices dimensions and Psyllium seed hydrocolloidcoating. The effect of Psyllium seed hydrocolloid as coating material (0.5, 1%), changes in slices dimensions (6×1.25×1.25, 6×1.5×1.5) and predrying (reducing moisture to 60%) are assessed on the organoleptic traits. According to result, it was obtained that per-dry increased organoleptic characteristic in compare to control such as taste 31, color 18 percent and per-dry decreased appearance 34 percent. Also other treatment didn’t have significant on taste and color but all treatment had significant effect on appearance.

Keywords: Coating, Dimensions, Organoleptic, Pre drying, Psyllium seed hydrocolloid
Performance evaluation of drip, surface and pitcher irrigation systems: A case study of prevalent urban landscape plant species

Performance evaluation of drip, surface and pitcher irrigation systems: A case study of prevalent urban landscape plant species

Authors: Hossein Ansari, Mohammad Reza Naghedifar, Alireza Faridhosseini
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Abstract

Urban landscape water use is undoubtedly one of the main water consumptions in arid and semi-arid regions. In this study, performance of surface, drip and pitcher irrigation systems on Ligustrum vulgare, Berberis thunbergii, Pyracantha and Rosa hybrid, which are locally known as prevalent urban landscape plant species, is evaluated in a semi-arid region. Twelve treatments were arranged in completely randomized design with three replications. Growth parameters such as the height of plants, number of leaves and qualitative plant appearance score (QPAS) were determined biweekly. Volume of water applied was also recorded weekly. Root, stem, leaf and total water content of plants were calculated by measuring their total fresh and dry weights. Leaf area was determined at the end of the experiment. Results indicated that plants were appropriately grown under pitcher irrigation. Performance of pitcher irrigation resulted in growth of more leaves, more increase in height of plants and superior QPASs within the experiment. Even if there were some preferences in plants under drip and surface irrigations, the difference was negligible in almost all items. It was also found out that pitcher irrigation could save up to 60% and 30% of water compared to surface and drip irrigations, and it facilitates water absorption due to its continuous and auto-regulative seepage.

Keywords: Berberis thunbergii, Ligustrum vulgare, Pyracantha, Rosa hybrid, Semi-arid, Water-saving
Study of Correlation and Regression Analysis in Strawberry

Study of Correlation and Regression Analysis in Strawberry

Authors: Salahedin Moradi
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Abstract

Strawberries are a common and important fruit in the Mediterranean diet because of their high content of essential nutrients and beneficial phytochemicals, which seem to have relevant biological activity in human health. A comparative study on the characters in strawberry was done on growth and biochemical parameters in strawberry plant. An experiment was conducted in randomized completely blocks design (RCBD) with three replicates. Correlation analysis showed that the strongest positive relationship was between fresh weight and fruit yield (r = 0.658). The results of regression analysis by stepwise method for fruit yield in cucumber indicated that individual fresh weigh can justify 57.2 percent of the fruit yield variation. According to this study fresh weight and Na content has increased yield and yield component of strawberry significantly.

Keywords: Correlation Analysis, Regression Analysis, Strawberry
Influence of Vermicompost and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Growth of Two Strawberry Cultivars and Some Chemical Properties of Postharvest Soil

Influence of Vermicompost and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Growth of Two Strawberry Cultivars and Some Chemical Properties of Postharvest Soil

Authors: Salahedin Moradi, Jamal Sheikhi
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Abstract

A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of biofertilizers (two species of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and vermicompost) on relative yield (%), root dry weight (g pot-1) and shoot/root ratio of Kurdistan and Paros strawberry cultivars and O.M (%), EC (dS m-1), and P and K concentration of post-harvest soil. The experiment was arranged in a factorial completely randomized design with three replications. The results showed that application of Glomus intraradices and Glomus mosseae fungi significantly increased relative yield and shoot/root ratio compared to the control. Application of vermicompost significantly increased the all parameters compared to the control. Shoot relative yield and root dry weight in Kurdistan cultivar was significantly higher than the Paros.

Keywords: Glomus intraradices, Glomus mosseae, strawberry, vermicompost
Insurance role to nomadic rangers in eastern area of Golestan province (Iran)

Insurance role to nomadic rangers in eastern area of Golestan province (Iran)

Authors: Mohammad Hassan Jouri, Mohammad Sadegh Beshkofeh
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Abstract

Activities of nomadic ranchers are dependent upon natural circumstances and its unpredictable risks. Abating of risk issues can be achieved by means of insuring of products, farms, and rangelands. In order to survey the insurance role for ranching, 202 questionnaires stemmed from Cochran formula using fieldwork monitoring and accidentally collecting the data from the ranchers of eastern area in the Golestan province. Reliability of questions (76.34%) was tested by Chronbach formula using SPSS v.22 software. Statistical analysis showed that the most ranchers were sojourners (88.62%) and illiterate (60.89%) who 94.55 % of them have grazing permission licenses. About 29.79% of ranchers have dealt with ranching. The most ranchers (51.48%) have about 51 to 150 heads in their herds. Wolves attacking and downfall of animal (14.36%) were the most natural hazard to herds. The ranchers were looked upon that private insurers do not propend to insuring because of lack of economic advantages while it is a grantee to ranching activities. For the most part, the ranchers were encouraged to insure through compensation getting of damages, desirable proposal package regarding to their cultures, goodwill of insurance agents, and building up promotive and tutorial workshops to each ranchers individually.

Keywords: Rangeland, insurance, rancher, Golestan, Iran
Insecticidal properties and persistence of Berlinia grandifolia (J. Vahl) and Securidaca longepedunculata Fres., two Aromatic Plants from the Far-North region of Cameroon alone or in Combination against Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera : Curculionidae).

Insecticidal properties and persistence of Berlinia grandifolia (J. Vahl) and Securidaca longepedunculata Fres., two Aromatic Plants from the Far-North region of Cameroon alone or in Combination against Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera : Curculionidae).

Authors: Kouninki Habiba, Matakone Romain-Rolland, Nukenine Nchiwan Elias
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Abstract

The aim of the present work was to evaluate the insecticidal effects of two plants used by farmers as natural pesticide to manage stored sorghum pests in the Far-North Region of Cameroon. Dried powders of Berlinia grandifolia (trunk bark) and Securidaca longepedunculata (root bark) were tested against Sitophilus oryzae. Powders were tested at 0.05, 0.5, 1, and 2 g/100 g of sorghum grain for screening LD50 and LT50 on adults’ mortality of each plant. Combinations of plant powder toxicity and persistence were evaluated with screening results data’s on adults’ weevils toxicity. Results showed that the effects varied with plant species, quantity and exposure time. Securidaca longepedunculata plant powder is the most toxic (LD50 = 0.07g/100g grain) and have rapid effects (LT50 = 3.72 days at 1 g/100 grain) than Berlinia grandifolia (LD50 = 2.046g/100g of grain; LT50 = 7.82 days at 1 g/100g of grain). The toxicity of Berlinia grandifolia on adults decreased of 33.87 % from 7 to 19 days post treatment. There was not decrease observed in Securidaca longepedunculata mortality rate in the same conditions (69.975 ± 3.072 % of mortality mean). The mortality rates induced by combinations of the powders (Securidaca longepedunculata + Berlinia grandifolia) were increased by the proportion of Securidaca longepedunculata used, and, after 3 to 7 days exposure time, a synergic effect was observed. These results suggest that a suitable strategy for pest management of stored sorghum is possible by using natural product.

Keywords: stored sorghum, Sitophilus oryzae, plant powder, toxicity persistence, synergic effects, FarNorth Cameroon
Sequential BA application enhance offset formation in Aloe barbadensis Miller

Sequential BA application enhance offset formation in Aloe barbadensis Miller

Authors: Ali Salehi Sardoei, Naser Mirzaei Amir Abadi, Leila Fahmida, Nafiseh Mehdinejad and Barat Ali Siahsar Fakheri
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Abstract

The effect of Gibberellic Acid (GA3) and Benzyladenine (BA) on Aloe vera was evaluated at pot cultivation conditions. This study was performed in two factorial test based on complete random design and 4 replication with 12 treatments. The main factor was included spraying, drip and spraying + drip. Secondary factor was included concentrations of GA3 and BA at 0, 100, 200 and 400 mg.L-1 levels. The number of offset was increased by addition of GA3 and BA levels. The results show that the number of offset has been better in drip application than spraying method. The use of drip+spraying method has caused improve in the plant than other methods. The maximum offset was obtained in 400 mg.L-1 concentration of BA.

Keywords: Aloe vera, Application methods, Offset, Pot cultivation
Assessment of Climate Change Impact on Pastoralist’s Livestock and Attitudes, in South Kordofan State, Sudan

Assessment of Climate Change Impact on Pastoralist’s Livestock and Attitudes, in South Kordofan State, Sudan

Authors: Ogal Sabil Ali Maalla, Ali Musa Abakar, Sayed A.Zereiba, Fathi H. Balldo, Maruod E. Maruod, Mohammed S. Elteama
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of climate change on pastoralist’s livestock and attitudes, in South Kordofan State, Western Sudan during 2012/2015 season. The study used primary data collected from a representative random sample of 264 respondents, selected randomly in Western route, Middle route and Eastern route. The study used descriptive statistics, and regression methods for analysis. The results of the study according to the comparative analysis has shown large reduction in all types of animals between herd size during the field survey and before 20 years where the average number of cattle before 20 years was 213 heads and now became 37 heads with percentage change of 83% between two periods, for sheep the average number of heads before 20 years was 263 heads and now became 85 heads with decrement between the two periods of 68 %, while the average number of goats before 20 year was 132 head and now became 45 head with difference reached 66 % The results of the study showed that average number of wife's was two and the average number of family size was 9 persons, while the average number of male, female was 5, 4 members respectively. The majority of the respondents were raising more than one type of animal (58.6%), the dominant type was cattle mixed by goat, sheep or both and 41.4% were raising cattle only. More than 40% of pastoralist in the study area mentioned the main constrains to their movement and business was the war, while others thought that movement affect the stability of the family 28.5%, other thought the constrain was animal looting 18.8%, while others 12.7% was animal losses due to diseases. The results revealed that the majority of the pastoralist (85.2%) replied they experienced Range change which demonstrates the degradation of Range due to climate change; therefore about 98.2% of them confirm the Range decreased. Also the results indicated that most of respondents (63.3%) confirmed changes in nature and structure of pastoralists community due to change in climate factors, these changes includes settlement cities, spread of looting, quite from business and change in social values including generousness and milk selling which was not for sale in the past .The results showed that 50.2% of communities belong to the same tribe to avoid the problems from other tribes, and maintain good relatives relations and other objectives including , marriage, corporation 13.2 and 8.7% respectively. The results of regression indicated that the most positive influential factors to change the size of animal holding by pastoralist was the initial size of the herd before the climate change and the family size with significant effects at 1% and 10% respectively. The other factors include type of grazing, types of grasses and supplementary feeding has negative insignificant impact with coefficients of - 18.120, – 6.6 and -2.996 respectively. While water availability has positive insignificant impact on herd size with coefficient of 3.055. These results insure the mobility of nomads from place to another depending on water and grass availability which was considered as one of the adaptive mechanisms against climate change.

Keywords: South Kordofan, copping Strategies, pastoralist, livestock, Attitude
Effects of Complementary Feeding on Puberty and Body Maturity of Sudanese Desert Ewe Lambs (Tribal Subtype Hamari) of North Kordofan, Sudan

Effects of Complementary Feeding on Puberty and Body Maturity of Sudanese Desert Ewe Lambs (Tribal Subtype Hamari) of North Kordofan, Sudan

Authors: M.A., Mohamed Ali ; J.B., Jadalla; S. A. S. Bukhari, and Salih, B
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Abstract

This study was conducted in North Kordofan State, Sudan during May to September 2014 to study the effects of supplementation with concentrated ration on body growth, body maturity and puberty. Sixty Sudanese Desert ewe lambs and three rams (Tribal subtype Hamari) were used in the experiment. Ewe lambs were about five months old with average live weights of 19.83Kg. On their arrival to the experimental side, lambs were identified using ear tags, weighed and treated with Ivermectin (1cc/50 kg body weight) against external and internal parasites. Animals were then divided into five equal groups (A, B, C, D, E). Lambs of group A were kept on basal feed (control) while the remaining animals were allotted to experimental ration. The lambs were individually penned and allowed an adaptation period of 10 days. Each animal was then fed the experimental ration formed of groundnut hay as basal feed and concentrates. Concentrates were given at rates of 100, 200, 300 and 400 g/ head/day for group B, C, D, and E, respectively. The ration was given once in the morning while roughages (groundnut hay) were given ad libitum. Water was constantly available to animals. Feed consumed was recorded daily while body weights and body measurements were recorded weekly. Teaser rams were introduced after 26 weeks and at week 28 intact rams were introduced (one ram for 30 ewes) and after that oestrus and mating were recorded in different groups up to the end of the experimental period. Data were analyzed using SPSS and randomized complete design. Concentrate supplementation had positive effects on the performance of the experimental animals. Daily and total body gains increased with the increase of concentrate dose. Animals offered 400 g/ day recorded highest daily (0.096 ± 0.01Kg) and total (11.52± 1.51 Kg) body gains compared with animals offered 100g /day (0.056 ± 0.01 and 6.73 ± 1.39) and those on basal feed alone (0.040 and 4.82 Kg). Total feed intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR) followed the same trend. With the exception of pelvic cavity, other body measurements (height, length and heart girth) showed significant (P< 0.01) increase during the experimental period and the group fed 400g /day recorded the highest value. There was high significant correlations (P<0.01) between concentrate dose supplemented and final body weight, height at withers and heart girth. Also very high significant correlations were recorded between final body weight and height (P<0.001) and heart girth (P<0.0001). The total number of ewe lambs that showed oestrus was 32 heads (53.22 % of the flock) and those mated were 20 heads (33.33% of the flock). Most cases (71.87%) exhibited oestrus were about 7-8 months of age with body weights range between 21.6 - 33.00 Kg. Animals supplemented with 400g recorded the highest rate of oestrus (31.25 %). There was positive correlation (P<0.01) between concentrate dose and both total body gain and percentage of animals at oestrus. The present findings concluded that supplementation of ewe lambs can be considered as a suitable tool for earlier puberty and also highlight that nutritional levels before mating are particularly important to subsequent reproductive success in sheep.

Keywords: ewe, intact rams, puberty, Desert sheep, oestrus

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